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Transcript of IRAN
Francisco IRAN IRAN Dubai Turkey Iraq Saudi Arabia Armenia Azerbaijan Turkmenistan Afghanistan Pakistan Persian Gulf Caspian Sea Kazakhstan Uzbekistan Russia Georgia Tehran Capital : Tehran
Official Language: Persian
Azerbaijani, Kurdish,Lori, Gilaki, BalochiMazandarani, Arabic,Turkmen
Currency: Rial Iran Iraq Iran = Persia Iran (Land of the Aryans) has been referred to as Persia (Land of Persian) by the western countries (Originated from Greece)
In 1935 King Reza, asked international Community to refer to country as Iran 7000 years of history
home to the oldest country in the world (in sense of civilization) Climate: 4 seasons Culture Pottery Zoroastrianism was the national faith of Iran for more than a millennium before the Arab invasion After Arab invasion, people gradually converted to Islam Ceremonies Art Cyrus Cylinder World's first charter of human right
539 B.C. I am Cyrus. King of the world. When I entered Babylon...I did not allow anyone to terrorize the land.... I announce that I will respect the traditions, customs, and religions of the nations of my empire and never let any of my governers and subordinates look down on nor insult them until I am alive. from the first charter of the rights of nations: Persian new year Cultural differences
Bowing affectionate kiss handshake No senioroty as like as Korea
We don't ask age when we meet working culture TaArof @is a Persian form of civility emphasizing both self-deference and social rank Norooz parade 2006 in New York City Images Last Wednesday celebration in Tehran Images Picture of Persepolis all nations stairway 486-465 BC
People are bringing Nowruz gifts to the king of Persia Norooz and History Haft-Seen (7 S’s) Haft-Seen (7 S’s) Celebrating Last Wednesday or
Getting fresh sweets and fruits to our guests
Being forgiving and kind Norooz and its Traditions Norooz parade 2006 in New York City Images Norooz parade 2006 in New York City Images @First thirteen days of New Year are Holidays
Thirteenth day of Norooz is called
@meaning to get rid of thirteen
(13), which envisions bad luck or omen
Sizdah Bedar is the day of festivity and
@Sabzeh is supposed to collect all the illness
& pain of new year
@Sabzeh is thrown out at the end of the day Thirteenth Day of Norooz @Traditionally goes back approximately to 555 BC (about 3000 years ago).
@Symbolized by King Jamshid
We get ready for Norooz by:
@Cleaning our houses (Khaneh-Tekani)
@Buying new clothing
@Buying gifts for family and friends Norooz and its Traditions Norooz means New Day
End and rebirth
First day of the spring & beginning of Iranian/Solar Calendar
Falls on Spring Equinox (usually occurs on March 21st every year) Iranian New Year (Norooz) Haft-Seen means seven items starting with letter “S” such as:
(grown wheat): Rebirth
(wheat germ pudding): Affluence
(dried fruit of oleaster tree): Love
(garlic): Good health
(sumac): Color of sunrise
(vinegar): Age and patience Haft-Seen (7 S’s) Chaharshanbeh Souri Symbolized by
Celebrated on last Tuesday night
of the year by jumping over fire.
Prepares people for a peaceful
and forgiving New Year.
The main idea is to get the energy and positive glow from the fire and give all bad feelings to the fire. Last Wednesday Pakistan
Lebanon Norooz Celebrating Countries 7 Seens are put together before the Norooz count down Wedding Family values In Iran, the family is the basis of the social structure. @Greetings tend to be affectionate.
@Men kiss other men and women kiss other women at social events.
@If they meet on the street, a handshake is the more common greeting. @Expect to be offered something second and even third helpings. Initial refusals will be assumed to be polite gestures (taarof again!) and are not taken seriously. Iranian Cusine By Moji
April 27, 2013 Thank you for your time and attention Outline
Cultural differences Cyrus the great's Tomb. Shiraz, IRAN Cyrus cylinder Iranian Carpet Architecture Bridge of 33 arches, Isfahan. Eram Garden, Shiraz, Iran. Persian Column, Perspolis, iran Falak-ol-Aflak Castle, Khorramabad, Iran. Literature Painting Religion Calligraphy Inlay Dance Weekend : Friday is official weekend, although many govermental places are closed on Thursdays as well. Random Pictures Poets https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?v=2159145904175&l=1123086678652465640 Dancing is historically entwined with many cultures around the world. Here, 17th century Persian women dance in a ceremony in Iran. Statue of Ferdowsi in Rome A statue of Omar Khayyam in Iran Sadi Khayam Kamalol Molk Kamalol Molk Kamalol Molk Sangkak Taftoon Barbari Tahchin Ghorme sabzi Jooje(chicken) Kebab Jooje Kebab+ Koobide Kebab Barg Kebab Ash Soltani (King Kebab) Chicken + Rice Crispy Chicken + Rice + Barberry Koofte Milad tower, Tehran Tehran 40 columns, Esfehan Tehran Tehran Damavand peak, Damavand Perspolis, Shiraz Tehran