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Passive voice vs reported speech

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Juan Baquero

on 14 November 2016

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Transcript of Passive voice vs reported speech

Passive voice in Reported Speech
As we have seen before, reported speech and passive voice completely different, because passive voice is used when the object becomes into the subject and the reported speech is used when we want to say what another person has said. However, it is possible to mix them.
Reported speech
Reported speech is used when we want to report or retell what someone has said, but we usually do not use the speaker's exact words we report them. It is important to emphasize that when we report eh must do it in the time immediately before of the tense the sentence was said. There are three types for reporting: statements, questions or requests.
Passive voice
Passive voice is used when the action is the most important thing in the sentence, when we want to emphasize the object and not the subject. In passive voice the subject is not important and sometimes it it not necessary to mention it.
Passive voice vs reported speech
Statements
When we are using reported speech for statements we must change pronouns, tenses, place and time expressions.
E.g My cellphone was stolen
(The object is now the subject =My laptop, and the action "was stolen"
The passive agent
When we know the subject, we can mention it at the end with by. We call this an agent

E.g
Active: Akira Toriyama created Dragon Ball

Passive: Dragon ball was created by Akira Toriyama

Forming the passive voice
The passive voice is not tense in
English, because each tense has its passive voice, nevertheless, the passive voice has its own auxiliary which is the verb to be and the principal verb goes in past participle.
Tense Aux verb+principal
verb(past participle)
Present simple am, is, are + V (p.p)
Example. Wine is made from grapes
Past simple was, were + V (p.p)
Example. Active: The dog bit Maria
Passive: Maria was bitten by the dog
Future (will) will be + V (p.p)
Example. The books will be delivered tomorrow
Tense Aux verb+principal
verb(past participle)
Present Progressive am, is, are + being + V (p.p)
Example. The document is being sent right now
Past perfect had + been + V (p.p)
Example. Active: John had acquired a credit card
Passive: A credit card had been acquired
by John
Future (going to) am, is, are + going to be +
V (p.p)
Example. Some apartments are going to be built
here next month
Tense Aux verb+principal
verb(past participle)
Modals

Can/could can, could + be + V (p.p)
Example. The car can be fixed easily
A xbox could be bought by Bryand

Must must + be + V (p.p)
Example. He must be sent to the doctor quickly

Have to (have, has , had) + to + be + V (p.p)
Example. The homework has to be done by him
Type Example
Direct speech I speak English
Reported speech He said that he spoke English
Direct speech He rode a horse
Reported speech He said that he had ridden a
horse
Direct speech John will bring a ball
Reported speech Carlos said that John would
bring a ball
Type Example
Direct speech He must create document
Reported speech He said that he must create a
document
Direct speech Mary may go to the doctor
Reported speech Lucy said that she might go
to the doctor.
Direct speech We are playing soccer
Reported speech Someone said that we were
playing soccer.
Questions
For questions we must change pronouns, tenses, place and time expressions, also we must transform the questions into an indirect question and use the interrogative or if/whether.
Type Example
Direct speech Why haven't you done the task?
Reported speech She asked him why he hadn't
done the task

With interrogative
Without interrogative
Direct speech Have you done the task?
Reported speech She asked him if he had done the
task
Direct speech Who is that person?
Reported speech He asked them who were that
person
Direct speech What are you going to do?
Reported speech They asked me what I was going
to do
Direct speech Will you study math next week?
Reported speech He asked me if I would study math next
week
Direct speech Did you wake up this morning at 7am?

Reported speech My mom asked me whether I had
woken up this morning at 7am
Requests
When we transform requests we have to change pronouns and place and time expressions
Type Example
Direct speech Luis, speak English
Reported speech Teacher told Luis to speak English
Direct speech May I have a glass of water?" he
said.
Reported speech He asked for a glass of water.
Direct speech Bob don't give up
Reported speech They advised Bob not to give up
Direct Speech Reported Speech
Form Tenses
Present Simple Past simple
Present Continuous Past Continuous
Present Perfect Past Perfect
Past Simple Past Perfect
Past Perfect Past Perfect
Past Continuous Past Perfect Continuous
Will Would
Can Could
May Might
Must Must
Have to Had to

These modal verbs do not change in reported speech: might, could, would, should, ought to, must
There are two ways to report something in passive voice, this happens when we want to avoid mentioning we, they, people, everybody, one, etc. Also, it is used to say what people feel or believe.
1. it + passive reporting verb + that-clause

In this pattern, the agent or subject can be replaced with it + passive reporting verb

We know
that European soccer is the best
It is known
that European soccer is the best

As we can see we change the subject and the principal verb.
2. subject + passive reporting verb + to-infinitive

In this pattern we start with the subject of the reported clause, then is followed by the principal verb in passive and to-infinitive form of the verb in the reported clause.

We know
that European soccer is the best
European soccer
is known to be
the best.
With Present / Future reference
The murdered is believed to be
a local man
It is thought that employees will be fired

tomorrow

With Past reference
It was understood that he have done

the task

With continuous tenses reference
"Chapo" Guzman is believed to have dealing
in

drugs
Finally, it is important to remember that both are used a lot in English, however, they are used in different contexts despite they have similar structures, even so we can mix them.
Thank you
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