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Transcript of Labor Movement
Labor Union – an organization of workers formed for the purpose of advancing its members interest in respect to wages, benefits, and working conditions
American Federation of Labor
The Labor Movement
Strike – a refusal to work organized by a body of employees as a form of protest, typically in an attempt to negotiate better pay, hours and working conditions
a broad social change solve issues of wages, benefits and work rules,organize small unions of skilled workers into craft organizations
December, 1886 the AFL was made up of smaller craft unions. Every member was a skilled worker. They desired higher wages and better working conditions
In 1892 the Homestead strike in Pennsylvania . It was the members of the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel workers that worked in steel mills against the Carnegie Steel Company.
MOB IS IN CONTROL
June 30, 1894
DEBS STRIKERS BEGIN WORK OF DESTRUCTION
GUNS AWE THEM NOT- DRUNKEN STOCKYARD RIOTERS
DEFY UNCLE SAM'S TROOP- MOBS INVITE DEATH
June 31, 1894
Chicago Tribune Headlines, 1894
In 1894 when George Pullman had cut wages by 25% after the Panic of 1893 in Illinois. 3,000 Pullman workers went on a "wildcat strike." The strike was supported by Eugene V. Debs who created the American Railway Union. Some ARU members refused to allow any train with a Pullman car to move, except those with mail cars.
In 1886 people rallied at Haymarket Square in Chicago for 8 hour work days. It turned into a riot when someone threw a bomb at the police at least 8 people were killed.The people believed the government was trying to destroy the workers.
Began as a secret society of tailors in Philadelphia in 1869, under the leadership of Terence V. Powderly. They believed that their strikes were failing because they lacked proper leadership and organization as businesses grew.
Knights Of Labor
The Knights of Labor lead the Haymarket Square Riot.
An industrial union founded by Eugene V Debs.
American Railway Union
Which caused the Pullman strike.
When leaders of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad fired people in less than 8 months. Workers In Martinsburgh West Virginia were not pleased and in July 16th 1877 striked.
GREAT RAILROAD STRIKE
Formed in 1866 to persuade congress to change laws. It Lasted until 1873.
National Labor Union
The Labor movement was seen by management as anarchistic and un-American.
Many times government used force against the unions and strikes which often led violence.
City officials called local militias but members would not use force against workers from their communities.
After 1877 american labor relations became more violent.
"(this strike is)...a war against the government and against society...iniquitously directed by leaders more largely concern to exploit themselves than to do justice or to enforce the right."
The New York World, 1894
The Labor Movement
by Tim McNeese
United States History
by John J. Newman
By: Arlett Marquez, Shayla Moya & Brianna Croteau