Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Labor Movement

No description
by

arlett marquez

on 3 April 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Labor Movement

Origin: dates back to the 18th century and Europe’s Industrial Revolution. There was a massive amount of new workers that needed representation. They played an important part for workers’ independence. Physical efforts were in affective, but the ideas became a part of American culture.

Labor Union – an organization of workers formed for the purpose of advancing its members interest in respect to wages, benefits, and working conditions
Labor unions
American Federation of Labor
Strikes
The Labor Movement
Strike – a refusal to work organized by a body of employees as a form of protest, typically in an attempt to negotiate better pay, hours and working conditions
Goals:
a broad social change solve issues of wages, benefits and work rules,organize small unions of skilled workers into craft organizations

December, 1886 the AFL was made up of smaller craft unions. Every member was a skilled worker. They desired higher wages and better working conditions


Samuel Gompers
HOMESTEAD STRIKE
In 1892 the Homestead strike in Pennsylvania . It was the members of the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel workers that worked in steel mills against the Carnegie Steel Company.
PULLMAN STRIKE
MOB IS IN CONTROL
June 30, 1894
DEBS STRIKERS BEGIN WORK OF DESTRUCTION
GUNS AWE THEM NOT- DRUNKEN STOCKYARD RIOTERS
DEFY UNCLE SAM'S TROOP- MOBS INVITE DEATH
June 31, 1894
Chicago Tribune Headlines, 1894
In 1894 when George Pullman had cut wages by 25% after the Panic of 1893 in Illinois. 3,000 Pullman workers went on a "wildcat strike." The strike was supported by Eugene V. Debs who created the American Railway Union. Some ARU members refused to allow any train with a Pullman car to move, except those with mail cars.
HAYMARKET rIOT
In 1886 people rallied at Haymarket Square in Chicago for 8 hour work days. It turned into a riot when someone threw a bomb at the police at least 8 people were killed.The people believed the government was trying to destroy the workers.
Began as a secret society of tailors in Philadelphia in 1869, under the leadership of Terence V. Powderly. They believed that their strikes were failing because they lacked proper leadership and organization as businesses grew.
Knights Of Labor
The Knights of Labor lead the Haymarket Square Riot.
An industrial union founded by Eugene V Debs.
American Railway Union
Which caused the Pullman strike.
When leaders of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad fired people in less than 8 months. Workers In Martinsburgh West Virginia were not pleased and in July 16th 1877 striked.
GREAT RAILROAD STRIKE
Formed in 1866 to persuade congress to change laws. It Lasted until 1873.
National Labor Union
The Labor movement was seen by management as anarchistic and un-American.
Many times government used force against the unions and strikes which often led violence.
City officials called local militias but members would not use force against workers from their communities.
After 1877 american labor relations became more violent.
Responses
"(this strike is)...a war against the government and against society...iniquitously directed by leaders more largely concern to exploit themselves than to do justice or to enforce the right."
The New York World, 1894
Sources:
www2.ucsc.edu/whorulesamerica/power/history_of_labor_unions.html#chapter_1
www.apstudynotes.org/us-history/topics/rise-or-unions/
The Labor Movement
by Tim McNeese
United States History
by John J. Newman
By: Arlett Marquez, Shayla Moya & Brianna Croteau
Full transcript