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History Assignment

Kelvin Tran

on 12 March 2013

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Transcript of Vikings

The Old Norse Pirates The Vikings WHO WERE THE VIKINGS? BELIEFS The Vikings were the Old Norse pirates, merchants, explorers, traders and settlers who invaded and settled in many places in Europe, Asia, and the North Atlantic. Using their longboats to travel, the Vikings raided and killed many people, causing havoc, chaos and catastrophe wherever they went. WHERE WERE THEY ORIGINALLY FROM? The Vikings were originally from Scandinavia which consist of three countries - Sweden, Norway and Denmark. Although there were some settlements inland close to rivers, most settlements the Vikings occupied were along the coastlines of these countries as they traveled along the seas to access other areas to trade, explore and raid. The Vikings were a polytheistic society, meaning the believed in more than one god. These are some of them:
Odin – The chief god. He was also the god of wisdom, magic and war.
Frigg - Odin's wife and the Mother of Goddesses.
Thor – The God of Thunder.
Loki – The God of Mischief.
Frey – The God of Fertility and Farming.
Freya – The Goddess of Love and Death.
Balder – The God of Peace.
Tyr – The God of Justice.

The Vikings also believed that if you died in battle you would go to ‘Valhalla’. LIFE OF VIKING MEN LIFE OF VIKING WOMEN Most free women baked bread at home and looked after her children. They did spinning and weaving and made clothes for her family to wear. They also looked after her children and usually cooked two meals a day. If they were on the farm, they milked the cows and made cheese. She made butter, dried fish, smoked fish and meat as well. Women also needed to have enough food in the household to feed their family during the cold winters. She would also need knowledge about medicinal herbs to cure her family member. Women were not allowed to participate in any political matters. LIFE OF VIKING CHILDREN LIFE OF VIKING SLAVES CONTACTS WITH OTHER SETTLEMENTS The Vikings traveled around the world to raid and trade with other settlements. These are some of the places they traveled to and possibly settled in:
They built a colony in America but was abandoned due to hostility from the natives (skraelings).
They occupied northern France and converted to Christianity.
They colinised in Greenland.
They traded with Asian and Arabian countries.
They traveled to the Byzantine Empire and became personal bodyguards of the Byzantine emperor. BIBLIOGRAPHY Vikings: Who were the Vikings? - BBC History - http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/primaryhistory/vikings/who_were_the_vikings/ [accessed 28/02/13]
Hirst, K.K.H. 2013, The Vikings - Who Were the Vikings [online], About.com - Archaeology, viewed 29 February 2013, http://archaeology.about.com/od/vikings/qt/vikings.htm
The Vikings - TopicPod.com - http://www.topicpod.com/vikings/where_vikings_from_menu.html [accessed 29 February 2013]
Hauge, A.H. 2002, DAILY LIFE IN THE VIKING PERIOD [online], elife, viewed 01 March 2013, http://www.arild-hauge.com/elife.htm
THE ONLINE GUIDE TO VIKINGS - The Library - http://www.onlineschools.org/library/guide-to-vikings/ [accessed 04/03/13]
Vikings - Wikipedia - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vikings [accessed 06/03/13]
Viking Men, Women and Children Life - Medieval-Castles - http://medieval-castles.org/index.php/viking_men_women_and_children_life [accessed 10/03/13]
Short, W.R.S. 2003, Hurstwic: The Role of Women in Viking Society [online], Hurstwic, viewed 11 March 2013, http://www.hurstwic.org/history/articles/society/text/women.htm
Viking Children - GrimGrusome - http://www.grimgruesome.com/VikingChildren.pdf
Slavery and Thralldom - Viking Answers - http://www.vikinganswerlady.com/thralls.shtml [accessed 11/03/13]
Famous Vikings - Vikings - http://vikinghistory.net/famous-vikings/ VALUES The Vikings believed in 9 different values:
Self Reliance
Perserverance A drawing of a Viking woman making bread Viking children did not attend school, however were taught history through stories told by their parents. Most Viking children had to help their parents either with farming work or household chores. Viking girls help by cooking, spinning wool, weaving and sewing clothes. Viking boys were expected to help out on the farm or to help make goods with wood or metal. But, Viking children also had time to 'play'. Vikings boys used to 'play-fight' with other boys for fun. A diagram which shows the routes taken by the Vikings THOOOOOOOOOORRRR!!!! A Viking raid Most Viking men were all-round handymen, but some had their own specialised skills. For example, there were Viking men specialising in boat-building, potters and black smiths. Most Viking men knew how to handle a boat, and most could fight to raid and battle or protect their families. Viking men going into a raid Slaves was owned by their owner. Slaves were looked as the owner’s property. The owner could buy and sell a slave and treat his slave as he liked. If the owner killed one of his slaves, it was not considered as murder, however if an other free man killed another man’s slave, the murderer had to pay for a new slave. If a female slave gave birth, the child would not be brought into slavery. Slaves worked all the time. They collected wood, fertilised fields, made fences, dug turf and bred pigs. Slaves ate unwholesome and unappetising food. IMPACT OF A SIGNIFICANT VIKING IN THEIR SOCIETY Gardar Svavarsson was a Swedish Viking who discovered Iceland. During a voyage, he sailed into a storm. The storm pushed his ship far to the north until he reached the eastern coast of Iceland. He circumnavigated the island, becoming the first known person to do so and learnt land was an island, and went ashore at Skjálfandi. He built himself a house and stayed for the winter. Since then, the place has been called Húsavík. Svavarsson returned and praised the new land, calling it after his own name, Gararshólmi. Nothing was heard of him after this discovery, however his son, Uni Danski returned to Húsavík with an attempt to win it from the Norwegian king, however failed and was killed. Vikings traveling on their long boats Gardar Svavarsson
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