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ESL Figurative language

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Julie Ramsey

on 17 January 2013

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Transcript of ESL Figurative language

Idioms Content Objective
Learn the meaning of figurative language, including similes, metaphors, personification, and idioms in text.

Language Objective
You will be able to identify and define the meaning of figurative language in text. Figurative Language is... Language using words or expressions with a meaning that is different from the literal meaning.

Figurative: not a fact Literal Language is... Language that simply states the facts as they are, without exaggeration or comparison.

Literal: fact

Types of figurative language: simile, metaphor, idiom, personification, and hyperbole An idiom is a combination of words that has a meaning that is different from the meanings of the individual words themselves.

For Example: "It is raining cats and dogs"

Literal meaning: It is raining heavily.

An idiom is an expression whose meaning is not always obvious. The meaning of an idiom usually needs to be learned, no matter what language it is in. Bell Work
Please take out your reflection journal
and write your answer for the bell work questions for today. Simile: A simile is a comparison that uses
the words like or as.

Example: Jamie runs as fast as the wind.
Literal Meaning: Jamie is a fast runner.

More Examples:
She is as beautiful as a flower.
He is hungry like a lion.
The stars shine bright like diamonds. Metaphor: A metaphor is also comparing two things that are not the same.

Metaphors are similar to a simile, but does not use like or as

Nobody invites Carlos to parties because he is a wet blanket.
Her eyes are stars in the night.
I am a prisoner of the English language. Personification: When something that is not human is given human-like qualities, this is known as personification

The leaves danced in the wind on the cold October afternoon.
Literal Meaning:
The leaves were blowing in the wind.

More Examples:
The cell phone died, it does not work.
My computer is crazy, it lost my file.

Hyperbole: Comparing something by using extreme exaggeration.

Example: That was the easiest question in the world.
Literal meaning: That was a very easy question.

More examples:

I have seen this movie at least 80,000 times.
I can smell pizza from a mile away.
My mom is going to kill me if I am late. Now let's play a game of Figurative Speech Hangman to review! http://www.quia.com/hm/80390.html “It is raining cats and dogs”.

Answer the following in your reflection journal:

What do you think the above phrase means?
Why would someone use this expression? Figurative Language: SEI Lesson Standards: ELL IV (7R 1-4: PO4) Seventh Grade
by Gary Soto Seventh Grade
by Gary Soto Metaphors:
A metaphor is also a comparison made
between things that are not the same.

While they are similar to similes, metaphors do
not use the words like or as.

Example: The teenage boy’s room is a disaster
Literal meaning: The boy's room is very messy.

Her eyes are fireflies in the night.
I am lost in a sea of people.

Many musicians use figurative language
in their music.
Your exit ticket today is to describe yourself using figurative language. Write this description down on the Post-it notes that you were given.
Types of Figurative Language you can use:
Idiom, Simile, Metaphor, Personification, Hyperbole
Gary Soto's "Seventh Grade"
Vocabulary Words


Please write these words in your reflection journal in the entry for today. You will now get with your reading partner and read your copy of Gary Soto's short story, Seventh Grade.

You will read aloud, and
as you read, identify and highlight any figurative language. Listen for and identify examples of figurative language in this song.

Write down at least two in your reflective journal.
Full transcript