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WATER SHORTAGE

GEOGRAPHY
by

Hassan Minhas

on 14 May 2013

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Transcript of WATER SHORTAGE

WATER SHORTAGE Himalayas Effects Issue: Global Water Crisis Causes General Information
- Limited supply of water for crops
- Humans as well as animals will die of dehydration
- The half of the world's population that lives in India, China, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal and other countries that depend on the Himalayas for water, will be left with no water
- That will be 3 billion people with no clean water
- May cause potential wars in the future over remaining water sources
- India and Bangladesh is at risk of flooding due to rising water levels - Water Scarcity: Much less water available than needed (includes industry and agricultural use)
- Water Stress: Demands exceeding the available water for a certain period of time (lesser extent than scarcity) Solution - Countries that get their water from the Himalayas should take initiative and equally distribute the water
- The people of the country need to be educated about global warming, and how they can stop polluting less
- Citizens in wealthy and/or water rich countries around the world should take initiative to lessen their usage of products that emit greenhouse gases
- The governments and other organizations within wealthy and/or water rich countries should take the initiative to bring to the people's attention, the water problems that take place around the world
- Things that can be done to reduce greenhouse gases and water wastage are...
- Driving hybrid or electric cars to lessen pollution
- Taking showers instead of baths
- Trying to reduce water wastage to at least a bare minimum http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ypiwKi-H5JM#
- 2% of the world’s fresh water is produced in glaciers
- Scientists say that the Himalayan glaciers are starting to melt
- More lives ended from water and sanitation crisis than through
violence and warfare
- Over consumption and misuse of water within wealthy nations
- 1.1 billion people live without clean drinking water
- 3% of the water on Earth is drinkable
- 2.6 billion people lack adequate sanitation
- 3,900 children die every single day due to water borne diseases
- 88% of all diseases are caused by unsafe drinking water, inadequate sanitation, and poor hygiene
- Wet lands cover 6% of the world; they regenerate and purify water -The Himalayan mountains are melting
- This is caused by Global Warming, in other terms, black carbon
- Black carbon or BC is a climate forcing agent, which is formed through the incomplete combustion of fossil fuels bio fuel, and biomass
- Black carbon consists of pure carbon in tons of linked forms -What black carbon does is...
- It heats up the earth by absorbing and trapping the heat in the atmosphere and by taking in and reducing albedo
- Albedo is the ability to reflect the Sun's rays
- Once the albedo is reduced and taken out, it will be just a matter of minutes until the Earth gets toasted
- All of this is actually caused by humans, because if we humans never would have let so much fossil fuels, oil, and coal burn, then we wouldn't even have this type of tragic future Causes Africa (Alternate location) -Africa is the driest continent on earth
- More than half the countries in Africa are in stress or scarcity in fresh water availability
- One cause that is in Africa is that Africa is right on the equator, so water is evaporating at a such a rate that people in Africa are dying of thirst
-The issue of Global Warming is only multiplying the heat and evaporation rate of water
- Many underground aquifers (streams, etc) have been polluted and contaminated
- Large amounts of water used in agricultural needs
- More than 3, 400, 000 people die per year from water related diseases
- In Africa, women have to walk for miles to get water, and most of the time it's not clean drinking water All these things may seem little, but if each of these millions of people with access to clean water reduced their usage by at least 1 liter a day, think of how much water can be saved
within a month...a year...a decade! The same principle goes for less polluting. The more we all pitch in, the brighter the future will be. ``
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