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Individual Accountability in Cooperative Learning
Transcript of Individual Accountability in Cooperative Learning
Promoting Individual Accountability
Keep group size small. (less than 4)
Random oral tests asking each student to present his or her group's work to the teacher (in front of group or class).
Observe and record the frequency that each member contributes to the group's work.
Color code contributions
Process individual contributions to
initial team decisions
Assign a checker to each group. Responsible for asking group members to explain the reasoning and rationale underlying group answers
Have students teach what they learned to someone else
Assign roles, especially gatekeeper (Green, 2013)
Conclusion & Reflection
What is Cooperative Learning?
Students Working Together to Reach Shared Goals
Have You Ever...
Implemented a group project....effectively?
Been a part of a cooperative learning experience?
Badenhorst, Maryna, TeachertubeMS
Foundation, (2006). Retrieved from http://www.foundationcoalition.org/home/keycomponents/collaborative_learning.html
Froyd. J. (2013). Positive Interdependence, Individual Accountability, Promotive Interaction:
Three Pillars of Cooperative Learning. Retrieved June 25, 2013, from The Foundation Coalition, http://www.foundationcoalition.org/publications/brochures/acl_piiapi.pdf
Johnson, D. W., & Johnson, R. T. (1999) What Makes Cooperative Learning Work. JALT Applied Materials.
Kagan, S. (2005)There is No “I” in Team – Or Is There? San Clemente, CA: Kagan Publishing. Retrieved June 18, 2013 from Kagan Online Magazine, www.KaganOnline.com
Miller, John G. (2013). Personal Accountability: What makes training work! Retrieved June 18, 2013 from http://qbq.com/personal-accountabililtiy-what-makes-training-work/
Green, Kathy (2013).Explanataion of the 5 Basic Elements of Cooperative Learning Retrieved from http://cooperativelearning.nuvvo.com/lesson/216-5-basic-elements-of-cooperative-learning
Teed, R., McDaris, J., & Roseth, C. (2012). Cooperative Learning. SERC Pedagogic Service Project. from http://serc.carleton.edu/introgeo/cooperative/whatis.html
Walters, Laurel Sharper (2000). Putting Cooperative Learning to the Test. Retrieved June 18, from http://www.leadandlearn.com/sites/defaults/files/articles/cooplearning.pdf
Felt like these monkeys?
A Cooperative Learning Project
EDUC 575-Cooperative Learning
Montana State University - Northern
June 30, 2013
Question posed to group
Group discusses question
Teacher calls on one student in group randomly (numbered heads, longest hair, drawn names, etc.)
An unapparent source of trouble or danger
Gifted students are not stimulated in heterogeneous groups and end up doing all the work
Does not accommodate all students' abilities
Do not meet final objective, sub-par production, do not stay on task or meet deadlines
No Follow-up by teacher
Few members learn and produce, do not meet expected objectives, conflict amongst members, fail to meet goals of group and individual tasks
Groups set goals that are:
attainable by all members
Lack of Effort by Individuals
Leader does majority of work due to “group” grading, product valued more than learning process
Poor evaluation Process
group work rather than cooperative learning, lack of clear objectives, chaos within a group, off task
Lack of teacher follow through after training
We were able to cooperate using the technology of Prezi and Google docs. These operations eliminated the segmented production of PPT and allowed us to collaborate and communicate in real time. This was the most fun I've had on a group project, ever!
Ideas for Classroom Use
Time Pair Share:
Question posed to group
Individuals given set time to give their thoughts to partners.
Switch made as time expires, and other partner answers.
(Johnson & Johnson, 1999)
to maximize their own learning
to maximize the learning of others in group.
Shared Goal Reached:
if and only if all group members reach individual goals.
Group work is More with Cooperative Learning
The 5 components of Cooperative Learning
*Cooperative Learning and Individual Accountability alters the dynamic of group work.
Promoting Face-to-face Interaction
Implement skills & objectives that accommodate all ability levels.
What is Individual Accountability?
"Students learn together, but perform alone."
To make each member a stronger individual in his or her right.(Green, 2013)
Goals must be clear enough that students are able to measure group and individual success in achieving them. (Teed, McDaris, & Roseth, 2012)
NO "hitch-hiking" on the works of others.
Why It's Important
Teaches students to put their responsibilities before their own selfish endeavors.
Essential to prepare students for a successful future and guide them as self-learners.
Evaluating Individual Accountability
Students graded individually within group dynamic.
Peer/Self evaluations help students reflect and assess groups participation.
Teacher assesses each student on individual tasks and the understanding of assigned material.
Use structures like
Jigsaw(A cooperative learning structure in which material to be learned is divided into separate components. Groups of students are assigned responsibility for each component and learn together how to teach that component. Then, teams with one individual responsible for each component come together to teach each other the entire set of material. First, students work together to learn how to best teach the material for which they are responsible. Second, students interact in their final teams to teach each other what they have learned. (Foundation.org, 2006)
Numbered Heads, Roundtable, Color-Coded Cards
Base team scores on individual achievement
This group was patient, supportive, and involved. Everyone contributed and the goals of cooperative learning took place. We all learned from one another and contributed our slice of bacon!
Builds an understanding of responsibility and the importance of hard work
School, work or community involvement relies heavily upon people working together with a common goal in mind.
Understanding Individual Accountability means a person will not only do their part; but work with the group to help everyone achieve mastery of the content.
Being accountable for ones responsibilities and actions is probably one of the most important traits a person can have in today’s world.