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The Road to Revolution
Transcript of The Road to Revolution
The Sugar Act (April 5th, 1764)
Parliament passed the Sugar Act, which lowered the tax on imported molasses, in 1764. They had hoped that the colonists would pay the tax instead of smuggling goods.
The act also allowed officers to take goods from supposed smugglers without going to court.
The Sugar Act led to the revolution because “the new laws angered the colonists. They believed these British actions violated their rights as English citizens.”
The Quartering Act(May 3rd, 1765)
The Boston Massacre
(March 5th, 1770)
The Boston Tea Party
(May 10th, 1773)
The Intolerable Acts (1774)
The Battles of Lexington and Concord (April 19, 1775)
The Road to Revolution
Sarah Longshore &
The French and Indian War, also known as the Seven Years’ War, was part of a larger struggle between the British and the French. That struggle involved control of world trade and power on the seas.
“The French and their Native American allies seemed to be winning control of the American frontier.” The French had a control over large areas of land and built forts through the Great Lakes and Ohio River regions. In 1756 the British formally declared war (marking the official beginning of the Seven Years’ War). In 1757 William Pitt, to avoid arguments about the cost of the war, told the colonists that Great Britain would pay for the war supplies - no matter the cost. He ran up an enormous debt and the British were forced to raise the colonist’ taxes to help pay it. In July 1758, the British won their first great victory at Louisbourg, near the mouth of the St. Lawrence River. A month later, they took Fort Frontenac at the western end of the river. The fall of Quebec and General Amherst’s capture of Montreal the following year brought an end to the fighting in North America.
At the peace conference in 1763, British received Canada from
France and Florida from Spain. Spain acquired French lands west
of the Mississippi River-the Louisiana Territory - as well as the port
of New Orleans. The Treaty of Paris marked the end of France as a
power in North America and strengthened the American colonies
significantly by removing their European rivals to the north and south
and opening the Mississippi Valley to westward expansion.
The French and Indian war led to the American Revolution because
the American colonies are stronger now that France is no longer a
rival for America, their taxes were raised because Pitt falsely told
them that Great Britain would pay for the war, and “In the beginning
of the French and Indian War, the British colonists fought the French
and Native Americans with little help from Britain.”
The Proclamation Line of 1763
“The Proclamation of 1763 set the Appalachian Mountains as the temporary western boundary for the colonies.” The proclamation was not received well among the colonists. The proclamation especially angered those who already invested in land west of the mountains. “They were furious that Britain ignored their land claims. More conflicts would soon arise between Britain and the colonists.”
Britain passed this Proclamation because of several reasons. It allowed them to control westward movement, avoid conflict with Native Americans, and control the fur trade. “Also, keeping colonists near the East Coast ensured a market for British goods in the coastal cities, where trade flourished.”
The Proclamation of 1763 led to the Revolution because the colonists were so furious at it. They had just fought and won a war so they could claim France’s land, and now the government is telling them they can’t move west - even if they have already bought the land.
The Stamp Act said that all printed material must have a stamp. This included newspapers, wills, and even playing cards. British officials applied the stamp after the tax was paid.
The Stamp act led to the Revolution because it angered the colonists. Colonists opposed the Stamp Act because, one, parliament interfered in colonials affairs by taxing them directly, and two, they taxed them without their consent. There opposition led to the Stamp Act Congress.
The Stamp Act (March 22nd, 1765)
The Stamp Act Congress (October 7th - 25th, 1765)
The Tea Act (May 10th, 1773)
In October, representatives from nine colonies met in New York for the Stamp Act Congress. “They drafted a petition to the king declaring that the colonies could not be taxed except by their own assemblies.”
Meanwhile, colonists were boycotting British and European goods. This led to British merchants begging Parliament to repeal the Stamp Act. They did in March 1766. This led to the revolution because it showed that the colonists had at least some power over the British.
The First Continental Congress (September 5th to October 26th, 1774)
A fight broke out in Boston between colonials and soldiers on March 5th, 1770. One colonial shouted, “We did not send for you! We will not have you here! We’ll get rid of you, we’ll drive you away!” The colonials moved in mob towards the customhouse. This is where British taxes were collected. They threw sticks and stones at the soldiers, daring them to fire. After a soldier was knocked down, the other soldiers did fire. Five colonists were killed.
“Colonial leaders used the killings as
propaganda.” Samuel Adams put up
posters showing “a slaughter of innocent
Americans by bloodthirsty Redcoats,” and
Paul Revere created the famous engraving,
“The Boston Massacre.” ►
As soon as the news of the Boston Tea Party reached King George the third, he realized that Britain was starting to lose control over the colonies. For that purpose, the King said “We must master them, or leave them alone.” So, the British responded to that by making the Coercive Acts in 1774. The law was made to punish the people in Massachusetts for their resistance of the British Law. The Coercive Acts was responsible for the closing of the Boston Harbor until the people of Massachusetts paid back all the tea. Because of that, no food or supplies could be given to the people. All of the colonists felt that the Coercive Acts violated their rights as English people. A little after that Parliament made up the Quebec Acts. The law they made “set up a government for Quebec. The colonists expressed their feelings by naming these acts, The Intolerable Acts.
This all started September 5th 1774. 55 delegates all came together to establish a political body to represent American interests and challenge British control. They called it Continental Congress. Political leaders from across the colonies attended this congress. Samuel and John Adams, John Jay, Richard Henry Lee, and Patrick Henry. As well as George Washington.
The delegates made a statement of grievances to get rid of the 13 Acts of Parliament. They thought these laws, “violated the laws of nature.” The delegates wanted to boycott British trade so that there could not be any goods bought in or used in the colonies. Nor any colonial goods could be sold in Britain.