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Ancient Chinese Family Life- Ancient Civilization
Transcript of Ancient Chinese Family Life- Ancient Civilization
Family Life Introduction The topic we will be presenting today is Ancient Chinese family life. We will be talking about the household, how the women were treated and what were their duties, ancestors, foot binding, clothing, and marriage. We hope you will learn about life in Ancient China. Household Living in Ancient China was really different compared to how we live today. In Ancient China, children lived with their parents, grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins. Generations of one family often lived in one house. The boys in China lived with their families even after they grow up. The richer families had servants and slaves. The Ancient Chinese family was very important and were very big. Marriage Marriage was arranged, but carefully considered. The fathers would choose who their daughter would marry. After the marriage the woman would bow and offer tea to her in-laws. The woman had to obey and be a servant to their mother-in-law. The married woman had to have kids. If she had a boy they celebrated and the mother would be more respected. Women in ancient China During this time women we not equal to men. Confucious taught that women can't have their own ambitions so they focused on house work. Women prepared food, clothing and looked after the children. Majority of the women did this in Ancient China. Many women had a lot of children and were pressured to have a son. The jobs that the women did were spinning, sewing and weaving. The peasant women worked in the fields with husband if they didn't have enough money. The richer women lived easier then the poor. Mistreated Most women in Ancient China were mistreated. They weren't equal to men at all. Women were considered inferior to men since the day they were born. Some women spent their whole lives being subservient to their family. Women were not allowed to be educated and could not enter the government. Only the men in Ancient China could pursue these fields. Ancestors The ancestors were very important to all Ancient Chinese people. You honor your ancestors or departed family members. Ancestors made offerings that would help in times of need and bring good luck. When the family members died, relatives remembered them by going to temples and burning paper copies of food they liked or clothing. After they died, people believed that the ancestors existed as invisible spirits or ghosts watching over the family. Everyone sacrificed to their ancestors. Foot binding Foot binding was popular in Ancient China to women. This painful process made women's feet look very small. Women who bounded their feet and had to work in fields had to work on their knees because they were unable to stand. The poor women relied on foot binding so they look higher in social class and so rich men would notice them. Clothing In ancient china clothing was a symbolic status. People of higher class wore fine fabrics while poor people wore cheaper fabrics that were rough feeling. Most people wore tunics. Most people (including men) wore their hair long. Men were rarely seen in public without head wear. Color of clothing was also an indicator of class. The royal color of the Sui Dynasty was yellow.