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Ubeidiya an early paleolithic site in israel

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Christopher Thompson

on 29 January 2013

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Transcript of Ubeidiya an early paleolithic site in israel

An Early Paleolithic Site in Israel Ubeidiya site map (the site is not the tell) history of the excavation background on the paleolithic site location The site was discovered in 1959 Excavations, led by Moshe Stekelis from 1960-1966
After the death of Moshe in 1966 Ofer Bar-Yosef and Eitan Tchernov excavated at the site from 1967-1974. the most recent excavation of the site was conducted by Claude Guerin from 1988-1994. Putting the age of this site in perspective:
bows and arrows were not invented
spears were not invented till 500,000
fire was not invented till around 790,000 during the lower paleolithic. periods of occupation 1.4-1.6 million years in age
finds include
stone tools and flakes
a rich faunal assemblage and a few hominid bones This site seems to mark the dispersion of hominids out of Africa and into Eurasia or at least early sorties out of Africa. why is the is the site important bibliography Bar-Yosef, Ofer. "The Lower Paleolithic of the Near East." Journal of World Prehistory 8.3 (1994): 211-65. JSTOR. Web. 29 Jan. 2013.

Belmaker, Miriam. Community Structure through Time: `Ubeidiya, a Lower Pleistocene Site as a Case Study. Diss. Hebrew University, 2006. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Paleoanthro.org. Web. 29 Jan. 2013.

Levy, Thomas Evan. The Archaeology of Society in the Holy Land. New York, NY: Facts on File, 1995. Google Books. Google. Web. 29 Jan. 2013.
paleoclimate The climate of Ubeidiya was very different during the paleolithic.
considerably more winter rain fell
a lake used to exist near the base of the site which expanded and retreated many times over the course of the site's history. the lake finally disappeared due to tectonic movement.
oak forests once covered the hills surrounding the site. Homo Erectus was the hominid that existed
during the majority of this period. from 1.8 ma-300,000 years ago. Tchernov, Eitan. "The Age of 'Ubeidiya Formation (Jordan Valley, Israel) and the Earliest Hominids in The Levant." Paléorient 14.2 (1988): 63-65. JSTOR. Web. 29 Jan. 2013.
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