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Nazi Propaganda Skit & Presentation
Transcript of Nazi Propaganda Skit & Presentation
by Gavin, Gabriel, & Nicholas
Types of Propaganda
-Types of propaganda that were used during the Nazi Regime included:
-Goebbels believed radio and film were the best methods of propaganda (Brinkley)
Effectiveness of Propaganda
Triumph of the Will
The Nazis & Propaganda
- Joseph Goebbels was the Propaganda Minister of Nazis
- Propaganda was highly valued by the Nazis.
- Goebbels aimed propaganda at Germany, other parts of Europe, and the Americas to promote Nazism
-"Propaganda tries to force a doctrine on the whole people... Propaganda works on the general public from the standpoint of an idea and makes them ripe for the victory of this idea" (Mein Kampf)
- Propaganda was "at the heart of all contact between Government and people, indeed the heart of all political activity" (Gorman and McLean 87)
-By 1933, Goebbels established the Reich Radio Company (RRC) whose main purpose was to spread Nazi Propaganda. (Lynch 91)
In 1933 only, 50 of Hitler's speeches were transmitted. Goebbels "encouraged the production and distribution of cheap and more powerful radio sets" (Gorman and McLean 87). Then, by 1939, "70 percent of German households had wireless receivers" (88).
"The film industry was important to Nazi propaganda effort"(Gorman and McLean 88) and "both Hitler and Goebbels were obsessed with cinema" (88). The Nazis had started making films in 1927 (Nuremberg party rally).
Films supported Nazism and & anti-Jewish ideas, and some movies, such as "Triumph of the Will", were played in schools
Film Industry II
"Historians have pointed to the significance of propaganda in explaining the great tenacity of the German home front during WWII. Goebbels achievement was to create a mentality of struggle and endurance. He made special use of film to sustain home front morale and fighting spirit" (Gorman and McLean 89).
Boys in the "Hitler Youth" went through a lot of physical & military training (began at the age of 14)
"Propaganda tries to force a doctrine on the whole people... Propaganda works on the general public from the standpoint of an idea and makes them ripe for the victory of this idea." (Mein Kampf).
"The effectiveness of propaganda "was heavily dependent upon its ability to build on an existing consensus, to confirm existing values, to bolster existing prejudices"" (Gorman and McLean 92).
Role of Propaganda
- The role of propaganda was to convert the German people to the Nazi ideology, and when propaganda "failed to achieve its objectives, terror was used as an additional instrument of the state" (87) (and it was designed "to win active commitment, to mobilize total support for the Nazi state" (87)).
- Minister of Public Enlightenment & Propaganda (MPEP)
- Wanted to portray Hitler as a superhero that would save Germany (Brinkley)
Effectiveness of Propaganda II
- In Germany, propaganda "propaganda that built on existing values - anti-Marxism, anti-leftism, hostility to the Weimar Republic and the post-war settlement , support for a strong leader (Hitler)" (92) was largely successful. However, Gorman and McLean argue that Nazi propaganda on racial ideology was a failure, as "the regime hid, rather that publicized, the "final solution" to the "Jewish problem" (92).
- Propaganda was in general quite effective, however, it failed in some areas (racial ideology) and the regime "resorted to terroristic repressions when (it) failed" (92).