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Color Theory Review Art 2

A review of basic color theory.

Christine Gerace

on 21 November 2016

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Transcript of Color Theory Review Art 2

Color Theory
Sir Isaac Newton
Color is science!
The color wheel can be broken up into several pairings and mixtures of colors.
Color wheel basics
The primary colors are
, and
These colors cannot be mixed but all other colors can be mixed by using these three colors.
Primary Colors
The secondary colors are
, and
Secondary Colors
Tertiary colors
The Color Wheel is used for:
1. determining colors
2. mixing colors
3. selecting colors
The color wheel is a a circular chart used to show relationships between colors.
The modern color wheel is based on one diagrammed by Sir Issac Newton in the 17th century.

What else is Sir Isaac Newton famous for?
Issac Newton and Light
Newton based his color wheel on data he collected from a series of light experiments.

During these light experiments, Newton used prisms to break sunlight into a rainbow of colors.
Through these studies Newton found that normal or "white" light is actually made up of a spectrum of many colors.
You get secondary colors by mixing primary colors.
Mixing Primaries = Secondaries
The tertiary colors are
yellow green
, yellow orange, blue green, blue violet, red violet, and red orange.
You get tertiary colors by mixing primary and secondary colors.
Primaries + Secondaries = Tertiaries
Yellow+Green=Yellow Green
Yellow+Orange=Yellow Orange
Green+Blue=Blue Green
orange+Red=REd Orange
Blue+Violet= Blue Violet
Red+Violet= Red Violet
Color Harmonies/ SChemes
Besides helping you mix colors, the color wheel can also help you choose colors that work well together.
Three properties of color
The three properties of color are:
1. Hue
2. Intensity
3. Value

A hue is the name of a color.
Intensity describes the purity of color in terms of brightness or dullness.
High Intensity Hues are vivid, unmixed or least mixed colors.
Low Intensity Hues are weak, highly mixed colors.
Value refers to the lightness or darkness of a hue.
To show value, a color or hue can be made lighter or darker by mixing/blending white or black with a color.
A tint is a color
mixed with white.

A shade is a color mixed with black.

8 Color Harmonies
1. Warm Colors
2. Cool Colors
3. Complementary Colors
4. Monochromatic Colors
5. Analogous Colors
6. Triadic Colors
7. Split Complimentary Colors
8. Tetradic/
Double Complementary Colors

Warm & cool Colors
The color wheel can be divided into warm and cool colors.

Warm colors are reds, oranges, and yellows.
Cool colors are blues, greens, and purples.
Cool Colors Recede
Warm colors advance
complementary colors
Complementary colors sit opposite one another on the color wheel.
analogous Colors
Analogous colors are three colors adjacent to each other on the color wheel.
Triadic Colors
Triadic colors are three evenly spaced colors on the color wheel.
split complementary colors
monochromatic colors
Monochromatic colors are three or more different values of the same color (various tints and shades of the same color).
Split complementary colors are one color and two tertiary colors adjacent to the color's complement.
tetradic/ Double complementary colors
Tetradic colors are two complementary pairs.
you need:
* One
black and white
photograph of yourself
that shows your personality/represents your identity.
So, color is a property of light.
Color harmonies are combinations of colors that are pleasing to the eye.
Color communicates
Take 2 minutes to discuss with your table how and what color can communicate to a viewer.
Color can communicate, express, and affect:

chuck close
Chuck Close was born on July 5th, 1940.
Growing up, Close had severe learning disabilities that made reading difficult for him.
He also had a physical condition making his muscles weak so he couldn't play sports. But he had a talent for painting and drawing.
Close has a condition referred to as "face blindness." He is unable to recognize peoples faces even if he has known them for a long time. So, to create his portraits, Close works from photographs.
Close divides the photos he uses into a grid system. In his early work, he used a grid to make the paintings. In his later work, the grid has become part of the paintings. Each box became a tiny painting in itself.
Close focused on developing his artistic skills and became a famous painter. Then, in 1988, Close's spinal artery collapsed leaving him paralyzed and in a wheelchair. He had to learn to paint all over again with limited mobility.
The Event
which 2 elements and which 3 principles are most important in this specific project?
2 elements
3 principles
Discuss with your group and write your answers on a sheet of paper. Write one sentence describing why each of the elements and principles you chose fits with this project.
Color & Your Personality
choose 1 color harmony
, using your color theory notes and this chart,
that reflects your personality and artistic preference

Write which harmony you choose and why you chose your colors
(3-4 sentences description).

You should
choose no more than 4 colors
A network of lines that cross each other to form a series of squares or rectangles
Now that you know that
color, value, unity, variety, and proportion
are the most important elements and principles in this project,
you will work with your group to compile a list of 3 goals, plus one individual goal
to guide you as you complete this project.
*Write in complete sentences and use your Bloom's Taxonomy sheets.

a 9 in. x 6 in. photo into 54, 1 in. x 1 in. boxes.
a 12 in. x 18 in. sheet of paper into 54, 2 in. x 2 in. boxes.
a 12 in. x 18 in. portrait that
accurate proportions in relation to a 9 in. x 6 in. photo.
Chuck Close's Note to Younger Self
All Dark Areas
Should be colored with
secondary, tertiary or shaded hues
(colors mixed with black).
Any colors
, even primary ones, may be used to pattern the darker areas of the section
as long as they collectively appear dark
when compared to the lighter areas.
All Light Areas
Should only be colored with
tinted hues
(colors that are mixed with white) or
very light colors.
Follow the original curves of your face
that you drew in your painting when designing your shapes/patterns.

Follow your original color scheme, but you may add 2-3 additional colors in your shapes or patterns.

Some Examples of Chuck Close Box Designs:
Your grid boxes should:
Show Variety
Follow the Rules
Color Rules for your Grid Box Patterns:
For her hair she followed the outline of her hair by creating long, skinny oval shapes.
For her nose she followed the curves and shaded the darker areas.
She changed the color of her patterns to show different facial features. Her lips are purple and her skin is yellow-grey.
Write a
5-7 sentence
, descriptive, critique that focuses on
how the artist used these elements and principles in their work of art
You should be observing/writing about:
The artist's chosen color theory
The application of watercolor
Value: Lights, darks, and medium tones
Areas that could use more work
Areas that look successful
* Your critique should be constructive and positive as opposed to negative and unhelpful.
*Be detailed so the artist knows what you're talking about.
*No I like.... or I dislike....
*This is a 25 point grade. I will read all of these.
What is a good way to lower the intensity of a color?
Mix it with _________
2 techniques:
grid drawing


Your project
select a 3x3 inch magazine cutting
use the provided circle view finder to isolate an area of the square
grid draw that area into the circle provided for you on the final paper
select a color harmony/scheme that uses 3 to 4 colors
Blend colors and create values throughout your recreation
portray unnatural colors
12 colors
Your Assignment: Abstract Colored Pencil Drawing
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