Transcript of Ancient Civilisations
ANCIENT CIVILISATIONS What did your ancient civilisation leave behind as a legacy? As a legacy, Ancient Egypt left behind lots of things. They even left behind large monuments like pyramids and large stone statues of the pharaohs. Some other things they left behind were: tombs, mummified bodies, jewellery and one of the biggest things of all, the Great Sphinx of Giza. The Great Sphinx and the pyramids from Ancient Egypt have become very popular tourist attractions. People from all over the world have visited Egypt just to see them. There has also been Ancient Egypt exhibitions in museums around the world, which many people have visited to learn about and view artefacts from Ancient Egypt, especially pharaohs like Tutankhamun. Ancient Egypt has also left behind a lot of art carved into stone like pictures of their gods and goddesses, myths and their writing language called hieroglyphics. Ancient Egypt has left behind a lot of things as a legacy that have influenced our world today. When did your ancient civilisation exist? Create a timeline showing key events. Ancient Egypt existed for over 3,000 years. It existed from about 3,100 BC – 30 BC, when Cleopatra died. Here is a timeline showing key events: 3,100 BC 3,000 BC 2,900 BC 2,800 BC 2,700 BC 2,600 BC 2,500 BC 2,400 BC 2,300 BC 2,200 BC 2,100 BC 2,000 BC 1,900 BC 1,800 BC 1,700 BC 1,600 BC 1,500 BC 1,400 BC 1,300 BC 1,200 BC 1,100 BC 1,000 BC 900 BC 800 BC 700 BC 600 BC 500 BC 400 BC 300 BC 200 BC 100 BC 0 How are ancient civilisations similar? How are they different? Ancient civilisations are similar and different in so many different ways. Ancient civilisations are similar because they have all invented things that we still have today like the alphabet (invented by Sumerians), the Olympics (invented by Greeks) and the aqueduct (invented by Romans). Most civilisations have invented lots of useful things that are still used in our entire world. Ancient civilisations are different because they all had different beliefs and specialties. The Greeks believed in many gods and goddesses, the Egyptians believed in different gods and goddesses and myths. The Romans believed that eating too much was not enough. The Greeks’ specialties were creating the Olympics and democracy, the Egyptians’ specialties were turning dead bodies in mummies and inventing and building pyramids, the Romans’ specialties were inventing the aqueduct, eating and gladiator fighting, and the Phoenicians’ specialties were boat building and sailing. Ancient civilisations are similar and different for different reasons. All ancient civilisations have similarities and differences in many different ways. If they didn't have any differences, we probably wouldn't have any differences to them either. We would be exactly the same as all of the other ancient civilisations. It was their differences and specialties that made our world what it is today. How have ancient civilisations influenced our world today? Ancient civilisations have influenced our world today in a lot of ways. The Sumerians invented the alphabet that we still use today, some have left behind large monuments that make their country great for tourists, they have invented different types of artwork, they have believed in gods and goddesses, they have made and used jewellery, the Egyptians have made and used make-up, etc. Ancient civilisations have basically prepared us for our world today. If they didn’t invent what they did or do what they did, our world wouldn’t be the same today. We wouldn’t be a democracy, we wouldn’t have the Olympics, we wouldn't have the aqueduct, and we wouldn’t have our alphabet. Where would we be without democracy and alphabet? No one would have rights and we would all be poor countries. We wouldn’t have a writing language. If ancient civilisations didn’t do all of those things to influence our world today, we wouldn’t be as lucky as we are now. They have influenced our world in so many different ways. Why will ancient civilisations need to be learned about in the future? Ancient civilisations need to be learned about in the future because people need to be able to appreciate them. If it weren’t for ancient civilisations our world wouldn’t be the same today. They are also fun to learn about. People need to know how hard it would be to survive back then and how people did survive so they can not only appreciate what ancient civilisations did for us but also appreciate our world today and how lucky we are to be living in the 21st century. If it weren't for ancient civilisations, our world wouldn't be the same or as great as it is to live in now and people need to know that. We are extremely lucky living the way we do now. People can't just go living on without knowing that people have worked really hard in the past to make our world a better place. Everyone should be very grateful for the citizens in ancient civilisations who worked very hard to make our world what it is now and people can't be grateful if they haven't learned about what they did for us. Ancient civilisations need to be learned about in the future so everyone can appreciate them for what they did. How would you survive in your ancient civilisation? In Ancient Egypt I would have to work heaps to stay alive. I would have to grow or catch my own food and work to earn money to buy things for survival. I would have to use the Nile River as my water source so I wouldn’t get dehydrated. I would go fishing in the Nile, grow my own crops and rely on the Nile to water them and get some sort of a job to earn money. I would have to work hard to grow my crops and catch food and to walk to the Nile nearly everyday for a water source. I would probably even have to make my own clothes! They probably wouldn't be the best clothes either. Especially the sandals. They probably wouldn't be the best. Living in Ancient Egyptian times would be pretty hard and hot. I would much prefer to live in our world today than in Ancient Egypt. It is much easier. We can go to the shop to buy food, we have big houses, we have good and comfortable clothing and we can afford things. There is no slavery in Australia and we have a democracy. Everyone in this country is treated equally. I would have to survive in Ancient Egypt but in Australia now I can live. I have an education, easy access to food and water, a house to live in, and family and friends. What more could I ask for? Civilisation BeginsFull transcript
Hieroglyphics start First pyramid built Great Pyramids built at Giza and Dahshur Central government collapses Introduced to the chariot Tombs and the Valley of the Kings built Eastern coast of Mediterranean Sea under Egypt's Rule Conquered by Nubians Conquered by Persians Conquered by Alexander the Great Rosetta Stone is carved Cleopatra reigns Egypt becomes a province of Roman Empire Rosetta Stone Thankyou for watching!