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Nicholas Firestone

on 1 June 2015

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Transcript of Food

Medieval Research Project
What Did the Poor (Peasants) Eat?
What Did the Rich (Monarchs and Lords) Eat?
How Did These Diets Affect People's Health?
Food in the Middle Ages
Bread, made primarily of barley and rye, beer, and gruel (oat, wheat, or rye flower boiled with milk or water) had a dominant place in the diets of the peasants
Peasants ate only two meals, one in the afternoon and one at night
Peasants were constantly in a state of hunger
Maslin, a mixed flour of wheat and rye, was made into fine bread that most of the rich ate
Nutrition was pretty bad during these times.A lot of their diet consisted of grains. But they valued the products of their animals more.
Rice, a food considered a luxury, was brought into royal and rich homes from Spain and North Africa. (The rice was usually grounded into flour and used as dainty food for the sick.)
As part of a peasants job, they brought wheat to the miller to be milled and had a tax deducted. To avoid this, many peasants ground their own at home into low-grade porridge
Miranda, Olivia, Nicky, and Judah
Peasants ate cabbage, often turned into sauerkraut, as an everyday food. This was about the extent of the vegetables eaten in their diet because doctors believed they were not healthy.
Dried fave beans and chickpeas also had a prominent place in the diet of peasants and monks alike
The diet really was determined by if you were rich or poor. As mentioned before, the poor had a less variety, while on the other hand, the rich had enough money to buy different foods. Splitting the diets into two parts: What the rich and the poor ate.
Sugared figs were a common dessert eaten by nobles and royals.
Fruit also had a place in the diet of peasants, but the fruit was not as sweet or large as today's fruits
Citrus foods were commonly eaten by the rich. (Pomegranates, oranges, and lemons especially.)
The Diet for the Rich
Diet for the poor
Peasants raised pigs because they were easy to tend to as well as some cows; from cows they would use the milk for dairy and then eat the meat
The rich tried their best to stay away from beef, as it seemed too common and not luxurious enough for them to eat.
The diet for the poor was not good. Considering the fact that they were always hungry, they could not be picky of what they ate and how it benefited or harmed them. Being hungry all the time affected their health too.
Almonds were extremely aristocratic nuts. They were pressed to make almond milk, oil, and crushed to make marzipan. (The first candy ever made.)
A typical peasant meal
The diet of a peasant usually consisted of what was cheap and accessible, like things they could grow themselves
How do these diets compare to a modern fast-food meal?
Modern Fast Food Diet
Meat was the best source of protein for everyone. Sadly the poor were poor and they could not obtain the nutrients that comes with eating meat.
Typical Peasant Diet
Big Mac
Lack of refrigeration was harmful to their diet when they were saving something. They had to store it in fat, salt it, or smoke it.
Large Fries
Concequences included Higher fat, salt or carcinogen levels
Large Coke
Oats (Porridge)
The rich had more food due to the fact that they are rich and could afford to eat more. Unlike the poor, the rich didn't starve. This already shows that the rich had a better diet than the poor.
3 whole
3 cups
8 ounces
33 grams
19 grams
0 grams
13 grams
Unlike the poor, the rich had access to citrus fruits. These fruits were high in vitamin C. This helped the diet for the rich to be more well rounded other than the poor who ate anything they could.
33 grams
75 grams
Pearson, Kathy L. "Nutrition and the Medieval Diet." In
Vol. 72, No. 1, January, 1997. Accessed May 19, 2015. http://www.jstor.org/stable/2865862?Search=yes&resultItemClick=true&searchText=medieval&searchText=diet&searchUri=%2Faction%2FdoBasicSearch%3FQuery%3Dmedieval%2Bdiet%26amp%3Bprq%3Dmedieval%2Btimes%2Bfood%26amp%3Bgroup%3Dnone%26amp%3Bso%3Drel%26amp%3Bfc%3Doff%26amp%3Bwc%3Don%26amp%3Bacc%3Don%26amp%3Bhp%3D25&seq=3#page_scan_tab_contents
Other fruits consisted of pears, apples, and mulberries
Wilburne, Jane M. "Medieval Times." In
Teaching Children Mathematics
Vol 16, No. 1, August 2009. Acessed May 19, 2015. http://www.jstor.org/stable/41199364?Search=yes&resultItemClick=true&searchText=medieval&searchText=times&searchUri=%2Faction%2FdoBasicSearch%3FQuery%3Dmedieval%2Btimes%26amp%3Bprq%3Dmedieval%2Blife%26amp%3Bgroup%3Dnone%26amp%3Bhp%3D25%26amp%3Bfc%3Doff%26amp%3Bacc%3Don%26amp%3Bwc%3Don%26amp%3Bso%3Drel&seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents
Johnston, Ruth A. "Food Sources in Medieval Europe." In
World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras
. ABC-CLIO, 2004. Accessed May 19, 2015. http://ancienthistory.abc-clio.com/Search/Display/1692859?terms=medieval+diet
Bullough, Vern, and Campbell, Cameron. "Female Longevity and Diet in the Middle Ages." In
, Vol. 55, No. 2, April 1980. Accessed May 26, 2015. http://www.jstor.org/stable/2847291?Search=yes&resultItemClick=true&searchText=female&searchText=longevity&searchText=in&searchText=the&searchText=middle&searchText=ages&searchUri=%2Faction%2FdoBasicSearch%3FQuery%3Dfemale%2Blongevity%2Bin%2Bthe%2Bmiddle%2Bages%26amp%3Bprq%3Dfemale%2Blongevity%26amp%3Bgroup%3Dnone%26amp%3Bso%3Drel%26amp%3Bwc%3Don%26amp%3Bhp%3D25%26amp%3Bfc%3Doff%26amp%3Bacc%3Don&seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents
The left side is a typical order from McDonalds, and the right side is a typical peasant meal gathered from information we've gone over in this presentation.
Ambrose, Kurk. "A Medieval Food List From the Monastery of Cluny." In
, Vol. 6, No. 1, Winter 2006. Accessed May 26, 2015. http://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/10.1525/gfc.2006.6.1.14.pdf?&acceptTC=true&jpdConfirm=true
Throughout this presentation, we learned not only the differences in diet between the rich and the poor of the middle ages, but also how these diets effected their lives and their health. We compared an average peasants diet to a typical modern day fast-food meal. We did an activity to present the differences between what the rich and the poor ate. Hopefully, doing this resulted in everyone gaining a better understanding of what life was like in terms of food during the Middle Ages.
Question: How did your social status determine the food you ate?
In the middle ages, the food you ate could be determined by numerous different things, such as your social status and family reputation. For example, if you happened to be a peasant, you would most likely be eating things such as eggs, oats, ale, and cheese. However, if you were fortunate enough to be in the upper class, you would likely be enjoying foods such as bread, fish, meat, rice, and various types of fruits and vegetables. While there were some similarities, the diets of the rich and the poor were substantially different in many ways, especially the ways it effected your health. In this presentation, we plan to go over these subjects, along with others including why people ate what they did and how it affected them.
Singman, Jeffrey L., and.
Daily Life in Medieval Europe
, Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1999, P. 54-55. Accessed May 26, 2015. http://people.eku.edu/resorc/Medieval_peasant_diet.htm
Singman, Jeffrey L., and McLean, Will.
Daily Life in Chauser's England
, Westport, Conneticut: Greenwood Press, 1995, P. 159-160. Accessed May 26, 2015. http://people.eku.edu/resorc/Medieval_peasant_diet.htm
We are now going to split you into two groups. You will either be the rich and royal monarchs, or the poor peasants and serfs.
You all are going to be making bread! We are supplying you with a bowl and the ingredients- do your best!
3 cups of flour
3 tsp active dry yeast
3 tsp sugar
1 tsp salt
1 cup of warm water
1tbsp margarine (oil or butter work just fine)
1 egg
The Poor
You are going to be making sweet sticky rice with candied almonds and figs- we will supply you with the ingredients- do your best!
The Rich
52 grams
121 grams
3 cups of sticky rice (pre made)
2 cups of fresh coconut milk (yours is provided)
3/4 cups of brown sugar
1 tsp of salt
1 Tbsp of candied almonds (provided)
a few candied figs (provided)
Group 1: Peasants
NOTE: Groups were picked randomly, as they were back in ye olden days.
Group 2: Royals
Full transcript