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Transcript of Ecotourism Stakeholders
2. Build environmental and cultural awareness and respect
3. Provide positive experiences for both visitors and hosts
4. Provide direct financial benefits for conservation
5. Provide empowerment for local people
6. Raise sensitivity to host countries' political, environmental and social climate'. Flora: Rangioria -Brachyglottis repanda The Rangioria is a small plant endemic to New Zealand. These plants have no defense against the high amounts of precipitation, causing many of these plants to drown. In order to survive, the Rangioria has developed an alluring smell, which attracts all sorts of animals, including pollinating insects. These insects help bolster the plant population. Animals that come to eat the plant, attracted by its smell, quickly learn the scent because the leaves of the Rangioria are extremely poisonous. This keeps threats from organisms at a minimum. UNEP's Strategies and Policies - Strategies / Missions - To endorse international cooperation with the environment.
- To organize environmental programs.
- To evaluate the application of environmental programs.
- To promote the contribution of experts for example, local communities and scientists.
- To discuss environmental knowledge and information on practical measures that can implement environmental programs.
- Linking science and policy, through environmental monitoring, assessments and information.
- Creating international platforms to assist policy debate, negotiations and decision making.
- Aiding the development of environmental law.
- Coordinating member states so they can strengthen their national, sub regional and regional policies, law and institutions.
- Collecting collaborations between the common environmental concerns and issues of member states and various non states. Sources: http://www.marietta.edu/~biol/biomes/temprain.htm
http://www.exploringnature.org/db/detail.php?dbID=44&detID=590 Sources continued: UNEP's Impact UNEP's impact -Ariolimax columbianus What is
Ecotourism? Ecotourism is; 'responsible travel to natural areas that conserve the natural environment and improve the local well-being of the local people.' History Ceballos-Mascurain was the first to use the phrase in 1983, defining it as; "Traveling to relatively undisturbed or uncontaminated areas with the specific objective of studying, admiring and enjoying the scenery and it's wild plants and animals..." Even though, it has been traced back further to when Hetzer spoke of Ecotourism in the 1960's. Environmental concern became more prevalent in 1992 after Agenda 21 was agreed upon at the Earth summit in Rio De Janerio, Brazil. Stakeholders 'To provide leadership and encourage partnership in caring for the environment by inspiring, informing and enabling nations and people to improve their quality of life without compromising that of future generations' (UNEP, 2012) United Nations Environment Programme - Policies European Union (EU) The european union is a soul political and economic partnership between 27 european countries.
The EEC (European Economic Community) was created in 1958, after the second world war, encouraging countries to become economically independent to avoid conflict.
Even though the EU evolved for purely economic reasons, it developed to span a variety of policy areas, with this came the change of name in 1993 from the EEC to the EU. (EU, 2012) Strategies & Policies Biodiversity -
The EU has a strategy to stop the decline of endangered species and habitats by 2020.
Using resources efficiently -
The EU helps provide the public with education, research and funding.
To protect Europe's shared water resources and ecosystems effectively from pollution, climate change and marine litter.
Setting ambitious, cost effective standards and targets for a number of pollutants.
Reducing the amount of waste generated in the first place; makes the disposal of it simpler. (EU, 2012) The EU's Impact The policies and strategies they come up with voice environmental concerns around Europe.
Governments then express these to the population to encourage their support.
The public try to emulate the views of the EU by following their methods, aiming to convince others to look after the environment around them. Natural England 'Natural England is an Executive, Non-departmental Public Body, responsible to the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. Our purpose is to protect and improve England's natural environment and encourage people to enjoy and get involved in their surroundings.' (Natural England, 2012) Strategies & Policies Natural England's Impacts Visit South West The South West includes... Increasing emphasis on identifying strategic challenges and working with others to develop sustainable solutions.
Increasing emphasis on provision of advice, both within Natural England and externally in the form of advice to local government, and information and guidance to civil society.
A clear focus on making best use of our NNR estate to engage people across the breadth of our work; this will include people in citizen science and to help develop their skills.
A more limited emphasis on direct delivery of access and
closer collaboration with staff of other functions (including Land Use, Land Management, Landscape & Biodiversity and Marine) to secure integrated delivery at local level. (Natural England, 2012) Supporting Change and Impact funding was available for work contributing to the legacy of existing Access to Nature projects that met the criteria of the funding. Projects will need to evidence their outcomes by ensuring that: “Mechanisms are in place to ensure the benefits of the project will be sustained long term, after funding from Natural England ends." What do Visit SouthWest do? They promote things to do in the SouthWest to encourage Tourists to the area. (Natural Englnd, 2012) http://www.visitsouthwest.co.uk/ Principles for Success focuses on four priority areas with defined actions for collaborative work between stakeholders:
Priority 1: Marketing to drive sustainable growth
Priority 2: Offer visitors compelling destinations of distinction
Priority 3: Champion a successful, thriving tourism industry
Priority 4: Improve the quality of the visitor experience Principles The South West Tourism Alliance. (2013) Available at: http://www.swtourismalliance.org.uk/about-us/principles-for-success/ (Accessed on 24/01/13) References Natural England. (2013) Avaiable at: http://www.naturalengland.org.uk/ (accessed on 22/01/13) Visit SouthWest. (2013) Avaiable at: http://www.visitsouthwest.co.uk/ (Accessed on 24/01/13) European Union. (2013) Available at: http://europa.eu/about-eu/basic-information/index_en.htm (Accessed on 22/01/13) United Nations Envrionment Programe. (2013) Avaiable at: http://www.unep.org/ (Acccessed on 22/01/13) (Ties, 2012) (Fennel, 2008) (Fennel, 2008) (Fennel, 2008) (Honey, 2008) The International Ecoutourism Scoiety. (2012). Available at: http://www.ecotourism.org/ (Accessed on 15/12/12) (Ties, 2012) Fennel, D. (2008) Ecotourism. New York: Routledge. Third Edition Honey, M. (2008) Ecotourism and Sustainable development. Washington: Island Press. Second Edition