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Parenting Styles

Kevin Wymer April 23, 2010

Kevin Wymer

on 23 April 2010

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Transcript of Parenting Styles

Three Goals Proposed by Robert LeVine (1988) Parenting Styles Parenting Goals Levine's Theory Parenting Types Effects on Children Modern Theories References The way parents raise their children reflects the extent to which these goals are threatened Dangerous Environments: Emphasis placed on nursing, keeping children close, and overall safety. Less concern form emotional and behavioral development
Industrialized Socities: Focus is on behovioral and intellectual development. Over a 1 billiion dollars is spent annually on educational toys in America
Gives understanding of both the universality of parental goals and teh diversity of parental practices Survival Goal: Ensure health and safety of child
Economic Goal: Ensure child acquires skills to be an econmomically productive adult
Cultural Goal: Ensure chilid acquires basic values of the group No-nonsense:
Characterized by high parental control including phyiscal setrain and punishment, and warm affection
Associated with parents in high risk areas, especially African American singl mother Authoritarian:
Focus is on obedience and conformity to traditional standards
Favor punitive measures to stop any behavior by the child that conflicts what they believe is correct
Discourage verbal give and take Patterns found by Diana Baumrind (1971, 1980) Authoritative:
High standards for behavior and set established limits
Recognize children's needs and rights
Warm and responsive, willing to consider child's point of view
Encourage independence and responsibility
Provide explanation for rules and punishments Permissive:
Less explicit control
Expect children to learn through experience
Provide a lot of leeway to children
Warm, but do not demand achievement and responsibility Children of Authoritarian Parents:
Lack social competence
Look to outside authority to make decisions
Lack spontaneity and intellectual curiosity Children of Authoritative Parents:
Self-reliant, self-controlled
Willing to explore
Such behavior results from understanding and acceptance of social rules
Children of Permissive Parents:
Relatively Immature
Difficulty controling impulses
Lack responsibility
Fail to act independently Cole, Michael, Sheila R. Cole, and Cynthia Lightfoot. The
Development of Children. New York: Worth, 2009. Print. Problems with Parenting Types Baumrind's experiment based on observation of mainly white, middle class families
Possibly excluding parental styles displayed by certain minority groups
Often times, parents use more than one parental type Considers child's role in molding parenting style
Child's characteristics can have a stong influence on the traits displayed by a parent Class Activity Kevin Wymer
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