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Coaching:principles and Practices

Kenisiology ISU

Rob Kucera

on 4 January 2013

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Transcript of Coaching:principles and Practices

What makes a good coach? Coaching at a higher level: Types of coaches: Key Coaching Concepts: Ethical Issues Coaching Philosophy: The philosophy that coaches are urged to follow is the Philosophy of fair play, which is most emphasized in low-level sports. The fair play philosophy entails five key principles, which are:
-respect for the rules of the game
- respect for officials (referees) and their decisions
-respect for the opponent
-Providing all players with equal opportunities
-Maintaining dignity under all circumstances A coach Should:
- Have good communication skills
-Be able to work with people of all ages
-Have a considerable amount of knowledge in the sport in which they are coaching
- Follow some sort of guideline for him/her self, and for the players Coaching styles completely change when dealing with advanced athletes. Instead of relying on fun, you need to do more, commit yourself, and make the player want to commit, and work Here are three aspects that can help coaching an advanced athlete:

Motivation: Make sure you know your athlete. Know their personality, and get to know what drives them, whether its winning, or just becoming that small bit better.

Ethics: Following with the fair-play philosophy, the player, and coach should stick to being fair, training hard, and not using things like performance enhancers to get an edge

Goal setting and independence: As a coach, you want to make your athletes independent and self-sufficient. This means sitting down with the players and making short, and long term goals, and letting the athlete achieve their goals. Coaching:Principles and Practices Autocratic: A "do as i say" kind of coach, there is either the "telling" or "selling" autocratic coach. The autocratic-telling coach just tells the players what to do and expects them to do it, and doesn't usually like feedback. The autocratic selling coach will tell the players what to do, and how to do it, however, they do allow for feedback from the players. Still, the final decision of how things are done are up to the coach. There are many things coaches need to do to make a team run smoothly. This falls under their role as a coach.
-Keeping things positive
-Self esteem
-Balance(sports- games to practices, & sports to social life)
-Participation of each player
-Preventing burnout(varying exercises, be flexible)
-Developing your own style of coaching
-Working with the parents
A coach is someone who instructs and trains players in the fundamentals of sport, the progression and success in sport, and over all team play. A coach should ensure fair play and skill development on an overall team basis. For a coach on each individual player, the coach should strive to boost the players morale, self-confidence, loyalty and social skills. Democratic: These coaches encourage the full involvement of the athletes in training and competition. There are also two different types of democratic coaches, which are "sharing" and "allowing". Sharing coaches usually make suggestions about ideas, then seek input from the players. The final result is that the coach develops their plans around what the players have suggested for the team. The democratic allowing coaches are involved in only making decisions, and letting the team sort out the rest, and implimenting the teams suggestions. Autocratic style coaches:

Authoritarian: -Emphasize discipline in practice and competition
-Very well organized
- Teams are usually categorized as good winners, and sore losers
-May be feared or disliked by some athletes

Business-Like: -Very logical and professional
-well, or extremely organized
-Expects the best from their players at all times, and may be over-bearing at times

Intense: -Emphasizes winning over everything
- The coaches high anxiety may flow onto the players
-They may alienate easy going players
Democratic style coaching:

Nice guy/gal: -Usually well liked by their players
-Very cooperative, but may be taken advantage of by some players
- These coaches work well with players of the same temperament, but they might alienate more serious athletes

Easy going: - They have a casual approach to training and competition
-People might see them as someone who doesnt take the sport seriously
-They may be the coach that is afraid of pushing his/her players
_ most players like them, but some may find them to relaxed, and not serious enough Strategy: A plan or play formed in advance to be executed in a certain situation.
Tactics: When you have to adapt and make plans or plays during the heat of play to react to an opponents strategy Coaching Associations:
NCCP: National Coaching Certification Program
This is what people go through to become a coach. Its sets down the standards,and lets coaches know what they should not should not be doing. Since the program began in 1974, around 900,000 have been certified. CAC: Coaching Association of Canada
the CAC sponsors the NCCP, and began in 1974 What you need:
To become a coach at the first three levels of coaching, as said by the NCCP, you need:
Theory- Basic principles of coaching, planning, sports safety, and planning, etc;
Technical- Sport specific training
Practical- Hands on experience, with people giving you pointers on what you are doing right and wrong, and giving you experience with explaining and demonstrating. There are numerous issues in coaching. There are coaches who over play people, and under play others, or are just plain rude. However, most leagues have standards of ethics and behaviors for coaches, which attempts to stop this. This encompasses coach training, mannerisms, and conduct on the bench Coach- Athlete relationships:
This relationship is an integral part of any athletes, or coaches career. To have this good connection though, you must find the right coach. To help with this, here is a few questions you can ask to see if the coach is right for you:
- What background experience has led you to become a coach?
-How much input will i have into my daily/ Weekly/ monthly training and competition schedules?
How would you and i go about setting goals?
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