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Andrew Jackson: Hero or Villain?

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Kevin Duh

on 24 February 2014

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Transcript of Andrew Jackson: Hero or Villain?


Ran for President in 1824 and Lost to John Q. Adams
Ran against Adams again in 1828 and Won
Jackson said he represented the common man
The people are the government, administering it by their agents; they are the government, the sovereign power.

Running for president
Jackson as president
Issues Jackson Faced as President
Jackson hired the people who helped him get elected.

This became known as the “spoils system.”

Jackson promised to take care of the common people. This became known as Jacksonian Democracy.

The idea of spreading political power to the people and ensuring majority rule.

Tariffs are taxes on imported goods.

Northerners liked the tariffs. The north had factories which benefited.

The South hated the tariffs. The tariffs raised the prices they paid for factory goods.

Monday, February 17, 2014
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Early Life
To secede or not secede?
Andrew Jackson was born into a poor family in South Carolina.

He fought in the American Revolution

Became famous as the commander during the Battle of New Orleans during the War of 1812.

This battle did not need to get fought as the Treaty of Ghent had already been signed ending the war.

Southern states, especially South Carolina fought against the tariffs.

They said a state had the right to nullify, or reject, a federal law that it considers unconstitutional.

South Carolina threatened to secede, or leave the United States if the tariff laws were enforced.

South Carolina backed down and the crisis ended, but the tensions between the North and the South would remain.

Andrew Jackson: Hero or Villain?
Running for president
Jackson's War on the Bank!
The Bank of the United States was the most powerful bank in the country. It held government funds and issued money.

President Jackson disliked the bank.

He didn’t trust banks and thought the Bank of the United States had too much power.

Jackson set out to destroy the bank.

The people who opposed Jackson called him a tyrant saying that he wanted too much power.

Indians had been forced off their lands since the white man had come to America. They tried to adopt white man’s ways.
Sequoya – wrote a Cherokee alphabet
Cherokee had their own newspaper
Wore white man’s clothes
Wrote a constitution
None of this mattered
Issues with Native Americans
Trail of Tears
Indian Removal
Gold was found on Cherokee land making it even more valuable to white settlers

Jackson called for the removal of the Cherokee off their lands.

This became known as the Indian Removal Act.

The Cherokee went to the Supreme Court over their removal and won, but Jackson ignored the ruling.

Impact on the Natives

Trail of Tears
About 15,000 Cherokee were forced from their homes.

Four thousand Cherokees died on the way to Oklahoma.

This became known as the Trail of Tears.

The Seminole successfully resisted removal
War with the Seminole
1500 American soldiers died in this war
Seminole used guerrilla tactics
U.S. Government gave up and allowed Seminole to remain in Florida
Successful Resistance
Full transcript