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ATTR 210L - LE Muscle Review

LE Muscle review for ATTR 210L
by

Heather Adams

on 1 October 2013

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Transcript of ATTR 210L - LE Muscle Review

Compartments of the Lower Leg
Anterior
Lateral
Deep Posterior
Superficial Posterior
Anterior Compartment
B
Origin: Lateral tibia
Insertion: 1st metatarsal, 1st cuneiform
Action: Dorsiflexion and Inversion
Model: #33
Tibialis Anterior
Extensor Digitorum Longus
Origin: Anterior fibula
Insertion: Distal phalanges 2-5
Action: MP, DIP, PIP (2-5) extension, dorsiflexion
Model: #34
C
Extensor Hallicus Longus
Origin: Anterior fibula, Interosseus membrane
Insertion: 1st distal phalanx
Action: Great toe MP, IP extension; dorsiflexion
Model: #44
Lateral Compartment
A
B
Fibularis Longus
Origin: Lateral fibula
Insertion: 1st metatarsal, 1st cuneiform
Action: Eversion
Model: #35
Fibularis Brevis
Origin: Lateral fibula
Insertion: 5th metatarsal
Action: Eversion
Model: #36
Deep Posterior Compartment
A
B
C
D
Flexor Digitorum Longus
Origin: Posterior tibia
Insertion: Distal phalanges 2-5
Action: MP, DIP, PIP (2-5) flexion, weak plantarflexion
Model: #42
Flexor Hallicus Longus
Origin: Posterior fibula
Insertion: Plantar surface of base of distal phalanx of great toe
Action: Great toe MP, IP flexion, weak plantarflexion
Model: #43
Tibialis Posterior
Origin: Posterior surface of tibia, fibula
Insertion: Navicular, cuneiforms, metatarsals 2-4
Action: Inversion, Plantarflexion
Model: #40
Popliteous
Origin: Lateral femoral condyle
Insertion: Posterior tibia
Action: Weak knee flexion, IR
Model: #41
Superficial Posterior Compartment
A
B
Gastrocnemius
Origin: Femoral condyles
Insertion: Calcaneus via Achilles tendon
Action: Plantar flexion, Knee flexion
Model: #38 - Medial head, #37 - Lateral head
Soleus
Origin: Tibia, fibula
Insertion: Calcaneus via Achilles tendon
Action: Plantar flexion
Model: #39
Hamstrings
A
B
C
Biceps Femoris
Origin: Ischial tuberosity (long), linea aspera (short)
Insertion: Head of fibula
Action: Knee flexion, Hip extension
Model: #31 - long head, #32 - short head
Semitendinosis
Origin: Ischial tuberosity
Insertion: Pes anserine
Action: Hip extension, knee flexion
Model: #30
Semimembranosis
Origin: Ischial tuberosity
Insertion: Posterior aspect of medial tibial condyle
Action: Hip extension, knee flexion
Model: #29
A: Biceps Femoris
B: Semitendinosus
C: Semimembranosus
A: Fibularis longus
B: Fibularis Brevis
A
A: Tibialis Anterior
B: Extensor Digitorum Longus
C: Extensor Hallicus Longus
A: Flexor Digitorum Longus
B: Flexor Hallicus Longus
C: Tibialis Posterior
D: Popliteus
A: Gastrocnemius
B: Soleus
Quadriceps
A
B
C
D
A: Rectus Femoris
B: Vastus Medialis
C: Vastus Lateralis
D: Vastus Intermedialis
Rectus Femoris
Origin: AIIS
Insertion: Tibial tuberosity
Action: Hip flexion, knee extension
Model: #20
Vastus Medialis
Origin: Medial linea aspera
Insertion: Tibial tuberosity
Action: Knee extension
Model: #23
Vastus Lateralis
Origin: Lateral linea aspera, greater trochanter
Insertion: Tibial tuberosity
Action: Knee extension
Model: #21
Vastus Intermedialis
Origin: Proximal anterolateral femur
Insertion: Tibial tuberosity
Action: Knee extension
Model: #22
Muscular Review
ATTR 210L
of the Lower Extremity
Lower Leg
Thigh
Hip
Hip Adductors
A
B
C
A: Adductor Longus
B: Adductor Magnus
C: Gracilis
Adductor Longus
Origin: Anterior pubis near symphysis
Insertion: Linea aspera of femur
Action: Hip adduction
Model: #26
Adductor Magnus
Origin: Ischial tuberosity, inferior ramus of ischium and pubis
Insertion: Linea aspera, adductor tubercle
Action: Hip adduction
Model: #28
Gracilis
Origin: Inferior ramus of pubis near symphysis
Insertion: Pes anserine
Action: Knee flexion, hip adduction and flexion
Model: #27
Hip Flexors
A
B
A: Sartorius
B: Iliospoas
Sartorius
Origin: ASIS
Insertion: Pes anserine
Action: Hip flexion and external rotation, knee flexion
Model: #24
Iliospoas Muscle Group
Origin
Psoas Major - Lumbar vertebrae,
Iliacus - Iliac fossa, iliac crest
Insertion: Lesser trochanter
Action: Hip flexion
Model: #25
Gluteal Region: Abductors & Rotators
A
B
C
D
G
F
E
H
A: Gluteus maximus
B: Gluteus medius
C: Periformis
D: Suerior gemellus
E: Obturator internus
F: Infeior gemellus
G: Quadratus femoris
H: Tensor fascae latae
Gluteus Maximus
Origin: Posterior ilium, posterior surface of sacrum and coccyx
Insertion: Gluteal tuberosity, iliotibial tract
Action: Hip extension, assists in hip ER
Model: #11
Gluteus Medius
Origin: Lateral surface of ilium
Insertion: Greater trochater
Action: Hip abduction, IR
Model: #12
Periformis
Origin: Anterior surface of sacrum
Insertion: Greater trochanter
Action: Hip ER
Model: #13
Superior Gemellus
Origin: Ischial spine
Insertion: Greater trochanter
Action: Hip ER
Model: #14
Obturator Internus
Origin: Obturator membrane
Insertion: Greater trochanter
Action: Hip ER
Model: #15
Inferior Gemellus
Origin: Superior ischial tuberosity
Insertion: Greater trochanter
Action: Hip ER
Model: #16
Quadratus Femoris
Origin: Ischial tuberosity
Insertion: Between trochanters
Action: Hip ER
Model: #17
Tensor Fascae Latae
Origin: Iliac crest, ASIS
Insertion: Gerdy's tubercle via iliotibial tract
Action: Hip abduction
Model: #18
Full transcript