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The Founding of a Nation

From the Magna Carta to the Federalist Papers: The influences that shaped U.S. Government!
by

Nick McKeever

on 19 January 2011

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Transcript of The Founding of a Nation

Founding of a Nation
Why do we have the government we have today? In the beginning... aka 1000 or more years ago... Where Lords and Kings had complete control over their lands Which worked when the Lords and Kings were great to their people but when the kings began to fail their people... the people wanted a chance to state their opinion at the threat of war and rebellion, King John II signed the.., Which created British Common Law and the British Parliament! The world's first constitutional monarchy.... Why is this important? Thomas Hobbes developed the concept of social contract because he thought all people were naturally EVIL!!! Social Contract: People entrust to the government their rights, and if the government doesn't protect those rights, the people can take action. John Locke separation of powers: Governmental power needs to be separated into branches in order to prevent corruption! he believed it was because people inherently good but want to be social and around other people Montesquieu checks and balances: separate branches of government need to have specific powers over each other to guarantee the rights of the people but with too much power... Rousseau Believed that all people were naturally good!!! All people needed to have a voice in their government, or the people have a right to rebel!!!! Mayflower Compact served as the first form of government created in the colonies: protecting the people's rights in the colonies Americans revolted because they felt their rights had been denied by the British Government NO TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION TIME TO GET DOWN TO BUSINESS Declaration of Independence: A formal list of grievances to the King George III asking for him to fix the problems Parliament started. When George failed to act, the colonies believed it was their right to revolt (Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau) Founding Fathers Led by George, the Second Continental Congress creates the first form of national government in the New World... Articles of Confederation Created a loose confederation of 13 states that could call upon each other for help and trade Goal being that without a strong central government to abuse power, the people's rights would be protected! uh oh.... Washington we have a problem!! Whiskey Rebellion Shay's Rebellion No military to combat the threat! The national government was too... Problems being:
1. no national military
2. National government has no way to raise money
3. No national currency... just 13 state ones
4. No easy way to change the government!!! So, in secret, the Founding Fathers get together to discuss the problems the Articles Constitutional Convention: Held in secret in January 1776, came to the conclusion that the Articles of Confederation needed to be scrapped. U.S. Constitution 6 principle ideas:
1. popular soveriegnty
2. federalism
3. checks and balances
4. separation of powers
5. representation
6. limited government influenced by the ideas of Locke, Rousseau, Hobbes, and Montesquieu created a federal government that was strong enough to fix the problems with Articles of Confederation not everyone approved of the ideas of the Constitution Federalists: Supporters of the new Constitution and a strong central government. Antifederalists: Believed in a weaker central government with most of the people being in the hands of the states. so to persuade these guys to ratify the Constitution... written by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison Designed to persuade the people of New York to ratify the Constitution The Anti-federalists agree to ratify the Constitution if one addition is made....
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