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Compare and Contrast the Pulitzer and Nobel
Transcript of Compare and Contrast the Pulitzer and Nobel
- Medal with 18-karat green gold plated with 24-karat gold and cast by the Swedish mint
- Diploma in calligraphy, which is held with some artistic value.
- Monetary prize, in 2005, 1.3 million US dollars On the Pulitzer website's FAQ list: -$10,000 cash award
-Only the winner in the Public Service category of the Journalism competition is awarded a silver medal with 24-karat gold plating. Boris Pasternak (1958)-- "Accepted first, later caused by the authorities of his country (Soviet Union) to decline the Prize".
The Soviets' aversion to allowing the award is also shown in Solzhenitsyn’s (1970) example. He refused the award on the basis of the secret ceremony the Swedes were pushing because of tense relations with Russia. However, he did accept the award four years later upon banishment from the Soviet Union.
Jean Paul Sartre (1964)-- Declined the prize because he was not in the practice of accepting any official honors. Sinclair Lewis declined the 1926 Pulitzer for “Arrowsmith” because he rejected the basic principles of the prize. He argued that the Pulitzer was constantly changing and relied too much on the whim of the American culture that year, rather than actual literary merit. Generally, the Pulitzer Prize has been criticized for favoring widely liberal or “conservative-basher” works, especially in journalism. It has also been accused of unofficially requiring higher standards for female winners in comparison to males. Major controversies include one fabricated work and two revoked prizes. General controversy, as comes naturally with subjective awards, has been over disagreements and adverse reactions to choices. The latest uproar came last year in the fiction category, when no award was given for the first time in 35 years. The Nobel Prize also has some notable controversial elements, including several reworkings of the specific criteria for the award. It was originally in Nobel’s will that works should include “lofty and sound idealism”, which was the basis for several notable figures not receiving the award. The Nobel has been largely accused of Eurocentrism and possessing a large portion of Swedish laureates. Certain awards have been considered politically driven with reasons outside the actual literature. It should be stated that the two prizes both carry considerable and relatively equal clout in America. However, the Nobel Prize is generally referred to as the most coveted prize in literature, although this is a relatively opinion-based, and so difficult, assumption to make. This is most likely due to its international status, which increases its available recipients and so naturally makes it a more exclusive prize. The exclusiveness of the Nobel in comparison with the Pulitzer increases also with the Nobel having one literature award, unlike the Pulitzer’s many categories. There is no set criteria for judging most prize categories; it is up to the Board to determine what makes a work “distinguished”. The definition for the Fiction category is relatively more precise: “For distinguished fiction by an American author, preferably dealing with American life." Pulitzer Pulitzer Nobel Nobel Pulitzer Works Cited