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The Manchurian Crisis 1931-1932
Transcript of The Manchurian Crisis 1931-1932
Hank Kao - Q1, 2
Yoshiki Nogawa - Q3, 5 :: The cause of The Manchurian Crisis originates from the Wall Street crash.
:: Due to the crash, America introduced tariffs to protect her now weakening industry from Japanese competition.
:: Japan,whom heavily depended on exports, could not get the imports she needed to support her country.
:: Japan was badly hit by the depression as exports fell by 50% between 1929 and 1931.
:: Japan’s population was also growing rapidly and getting over crowded.
:: Japan chose Manchuria because China was in a weak position due to the country being split to Nationalists and Communists.
:: They also thought that the place would act as a buffer against the USSR and communism. What actions were taken by the aggressor? s :: On the night of September 18th there was an explosion on the southern Manchurian railway just outside the city of Mukden.
:: They claimed the Chinese sabotaged it. The Chinese denied this and said their forces were in the barracks, this gave the Japanese the perfect excuse to invade.
:: The invasion was a success and it was renamed Manchukuo in 1932. Emperor Pu Yi who was overthrown in 1911 was put back on the throne and made a Japanese puppet. How did The LON Respond? :: When the LON heard from China what had happened, they ordered withdrawal of troops but despite agreement of the government, the army refused.
:: They also sent the Lytton commission to investigate. This took over a year to report (which by then the Japanese already finished the invasion) but they reported that Japan was guilty of forcibly seizing Chinese territory.
:: The LON instructed members to ignore the existence of Manchukuo and invited the Japanese to hand Manchuria back to China.
:: However, the Japanese Delegate refused the invitation and walked straightly out of the conference room right after the refusal.
:: Japan kept Manchuria and left the league in 1933 and went on to occupy the city of Jehol. :: The Manchurian crisis was a heavy blow for the league because as many historians said, it led to another global war, which they were trying to stop.
:: It was also a failure because they failed to prevent the Japanese invasion on China.
:: People say that their actions were too feeble against Japan.
:: It was a powerful nation and was very independent and therefore was not easily willed by some words.
:: Japan was still annoyed at the League and they left in 1933 to make an empire. Why was it such a blow for the League of Nations? How has historians portrayed the crisis? There were many negative views on the Manchurian crisis as it was said to be the first major failure of the LON. Historians commonly believe that it was a major turning point in Japanese history and was often called the road to Pearl Harbor. Many also thought that it would be the start of another world war as: •Sara R. Smith -
‘the first of the steps leading downward to the abyss of global war.’
•John M. Maki -
‘the direct cause of the 2nd world war.’
He also said that it was responsible for the victory of communism in China.
•Otto Tolischus (journalist) -
‘not only put the military in the driver’s seat but made the country war-minded again.’
•Takehiko Yoshihashi -
‘brought the army’s influence to the fore of Japan’s politics Bibliography "The League's Failures in the 1930s - Manchuria." The League's Failures in the 1930s. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2012. <http://johndclare.net/league_of_nations6.htm>. "Topics Covered on This Site." History Learning Site. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2012. <http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/manchuria.htm>. "Mukden Incident." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 11 July 2012. Web. 10 Nov. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mukden_Incident>. How was the conflict resolved? The conflict was not resolved.
In fact, Japan ignored the LoN and successfully took over the control of Manchuria & Beijing. Question Time! When did the Manchurian Crisis occur? What is the name of the Chinese puppet Emperor? How much did exports fall between 1929-1931? 1931-1932! Pu Yi! 50%! Name the 3 reasons why Japan decided to invade Manchuria 1. Population!
3. Communism Threat! What was the invasion renamed into in 1932? Manchukuo!