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Kristen Ksepka

on 6 September 2013

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Transcript of Zoetrope

History of the Zoetrope
Scientific optical toy
Principle has Chinese origins (ca. 180 C.E. Ting Huan)
1834: William George Horner's "daedalum"
Purpose: Demonstrate persistence of motion to multiple people
1860: Renamed by Pierre Desvignes
Greek "zoion" and "trope"
Victorian educational novelties
How it works
Persistence of vision
Phi phenomenon
Stroboscopic effect

Effects of Zoetrope
Led topraxinoscope
Mirrors instead of slits
Introduced elements of animation
Use in Modern Times
Advertisements on trains
Connelly, John and Marily Connelly. “Prelude to Animation.” TechTrends 55.2 (Mar.-Apr. 2011):16-17. Web. 2 Sep. 2013.

Cowens, John. “Putting a Spin on Movies.” Teaching Pre K-8 30.3 (1999): 26-9. Web. 2 Sep. 2013.

"PRE-CINEMA ANIMATION DEVICES." RANDOM MOTION: Precinema Animation by Ruth Hayes. Ruth Hayes, 2011. Web. 02 Sept. 2013.

“Pre-Cinema.” Schirmer Encyclopedia of Film. Ed. Barry Keith Grant. Vol. 3. 2007. 297-305. Print.

Stephens, Pamela Geiger. “Zoetropes and the Persistence of Vision.” School Arts 103.9 (May-Jun. 2004): 30. Web. 2 Sep. 2013.
"Zoetrope." Zoetrope RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Sept. 2013.

"2D Animation Research." Jack Bassett. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Sept. 2013.
Full transcript