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"A Retrieved Reformation"

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by

Shauna Koskie

on 17 September 2015

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Transcript of "A Retrieved Reformation"

Literary Terms
Review
Vocabulary
Read the short story
Focus:
irony, symbolism, foreshadowing, plot, characterization, allusion, symbolism, and theme

Prediction
Predict what you think the story is about.
O. Henry
"A Retrieved Reformation"
* Symbolism


* Foreshadowing
A
symbol

is a person, place, or thing that stands for something else.
Symbolism is the symbolic meaning of something or character.

Example:
The red octagon is a symbol. The symbolism of the red octagon means STOP.


Foreshadowing
is the use of clues to suggest events that have yet to occur.

Example:

In
Star Wars, Episode 2
, Obi Wan is quoted saying to Anakin, "Why do I get the feeling that you will be the death of me?"
Example:
1) In your Reading Guide (#2 on the first page),
define "retrieve"/"retrieved." Define "reformation."
You may use your cell phone or class dictionary.

2)
Reflect on your research
about the author, O. Henry.
Consider the title of the short story.


3) Predict what the story is about, and
write your prediction on the lines provided in the handout.


Discussion and Analysis
Theme Paragraph
Write a theme paragraph for the short story "A Retrieved Reformation" by O. Henry.
Example:
What do you think a rose might symbolize?
Round Character
Round characters in a story, play, or novel are simply characters who are most like real people.
Round characters have depth.
When Shrek says 'Ogres are like onions' he means that there's more to them than what you see on the surface. Round characters are like onions too; they have layers.
Flat Character
Flat characters are one dimensional and do not have a lot of depth.
Review: Static vs. Dynamic Characters
Often, flat characters simply help to move the plot along, but that is not always the case.
Characterization


Are the following characters round or flat characters? Static or dynamic? Support your answers with evidence from the text.

Jimmy Valentine
Ralph D. Spencer
Annabelle Adams
Ben Price



Symbolism

Foreshadowing
Jimmy's tools

Annabelle's rose
p. 249
Why is the story titled
"A Retrieved Reformation"?
(Partner B)
1. Bellwork: Take out your "foldable" dictionary and "A Retrieved Reformation" Reading Guide.
2. Review the following literary terms: allusion (word hunt), symbolism, and foreshadowing, and find examples from the short story (Partner A). Write the examples in your "foldable" dictionary.
9/22-23 Agenda:
* "A Retrieved Reformation"
* Reading Guide (Review Questions)
* Plot Diagram
* Foreshadowing and Symbolism
* Analysis and Theme
3. Complete Reading Guide review questions (part 3).

Allusion

Symbolism
Foreshadowing

Characterization
Something must be lost or thrown away before you can retrieve it.

What was lost?

Who retrieved it?
Allusion to the phoenix
Agenda (9/21-22)
Quiz

Vivid Verbs

"A Retrieved Reformation" Review
(continued)

Theme Paragraphs

Objective: You will evaluate the author's use of symbolism, irony, and characterization to write a theme paragraph.
Quiz
Tuesday 9/30; Wednesday 10/1
Know
vocabulary
terms and definitions

Understand the
plot line
of the short story

Symbolism

Foreshadowing

Irony

Study your reading guide and "foldable" dictionary.
Homework
Study for quiz
Edit theme paragraph using vivid verbs
Reminder: "How Am I Inspired to Succeed Speech" DUE 9/30; 10/1 (Extra Credit)

How to improve your writing: be more specific and detailed.
General/Specific Nouns

book/dictionary
dog/poodle
fruit/apple
dessert/brownie
instrument/violin
"to be" verbs
is
was
were
am
were
been
being

Vivid verbs
shriek
flash
hover
erupt
dance
explain
reveal
1. Take out a piece of paper
2. Fold the paper lengthwise ("hot dog")
3. On the left column, list 10-20 specific nouns. The nouns should not relate.

4. On the right column, list 5-10 verbs that relate to a specific occupation. The verbs should not relate to the noun in any way.
Example:
Directions

1) Write a brief description of your room at its peak "messiness."
1 min
2) Share with Partner A
1 min
3) Edit your description...
2 min
4) Share with Partner A and the class
Which description was more vivid?
1. Combine a noun from the left column with a verb from the right column to form a sentence of description. Complete 3-5 sentences.

2. The line of description should not relate to your chosen occupation.

3. Share with the class.
Theme Paragraph Review/Example
Disney's animated film
Frozen
reveals that true love can overcome the most difficult obstacles.
Anna's sacrificial act of saving her sister, Elsa, ultimately thawed her frozen heart; Elsa says to Anna, "You sacrificed yourself for me?" (
Frozen
).
It appears that Anna's life will be lost forever because only an act of true love can reverse the effects of the eternal winter. However, Anna's willingness to give her own life to save Elsa's exemplifies her true love for her sister and reverses the horrible, freezing winter.
Thus, the love between the two sisters can withstand even the harshest of circumstances.
TS
CD
CM

CM

CS
Agenda 9/30-10/1
QUIZ:
"A Retrieved Reformation" by O. Henry (30 min.)
"How Am I Inspired to Succeed" Speeches. Highlight your name if you want to participate in the speech. (4 and 8 pts.)
Theme Paragraphs
Homework
Langston Hughes:
Read and Annotate (CATCH) Biography
Complete author's "Facebook page" (handout)

QUIZ

Theme Paragraphs
30 minutes
1. Read "How to Improve Your Writing" (handout).
2. Take out your theme paragraph.
3. Underline the theme.
4. Circle all "to be" verbs (passive voice/weak verbs).
5. Box the vivid verbs (active voice/strong verbs/vivid verbs).

1. Meet with your group.
2. To
read all theme paragraphs
, you will
silently
rotate the theme paragraphs around the table.
Provide two comments for each paragraph. Write your feedback under their paragraph and sign your name.
Consider structure, flow/transitions, consistency, theme, etc.
3. When everyone has finished reading every theme paragraph and writing their comments under each theme paragraph
discuss your comments as a group.
4.
Revise your theme paragraph.

5. Teacher Example
6. Questions?
7. Turn in your theme paragraphs
QUIZ
9/21 & 9/22
Quick-write
1. Review Part I in your Reading Guide Packet, and complete the quick-write in your journal
1. Complete the helpful handout (10 minutes)

2. Write a theme paragraph for "The Flowers" by Alice Walker (15 minutes)

3. Turn in to the inbox.
"The Flowers" by Alice Walker
* Use your reading guide packet.
Full transcript