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The White Rose Movement
Transcript of The White Rose Movement
The white rose movement is one of the most famous resistance movements that took place inside Nazi Germany. They were an intellectual anti-violent resistance group who opposed the power of Hitler. Although some of the members had to pay a terrible price for standing against the Nazi system. The white rose movement was made by a group of students from Munich University. The most famous leaders and most active leaders were Hans and Sophie Scholl. They were an anti-Nazi group and anti-war group. The white rose movement took place from June 1942 to February 1943.
How it Started
In June of 1942 Hans Scholl, his sister Sophie, Christoph Probst, Willi Graf, and Alexander Schmorell founded the “White Rose” movement
The group was motivated by ethical and moral considerations
Members were sent off to serve as medics on the Russian front in July 1942 and witnessed the cruelty towards the Jews.
When the members returned in November of 1942, they rejected fascism and militarism
The White Rose decided to distribute leaflets that opposed Hitler and his 3rd Reich
By: Gavin, Sarah, Jordan, and Nicole
Who was Involved?
What the movement did
Quote from the Leaflets
Thanks for Listening!
Students from University of Munich
Liesolotte (Lilo) Berndl
Kurt Huber- Music and philosophy proffesor
Eugen Grimminger funded the operations
Six leaflets were distributed in public
The leaflets called for the active opposition of the German people to Nazi oppression and tyranny
The leaflets urged the public to rebel
On the 3rd, 8th and 15th of February 1943 "Freedom" and "Down with Hitler" appeared on the buildings in Munich by Alexander Schmorell, Hans Scholl and Willi Graf
"Support the resistance movement!" in the struggle for "freedom of speech, freedom of religion and protection of the individual citizen from the arbitrary action of criminal dictator-states". These were the principles that would form "the foundations of a new Europe".
On 18 February 1943, Hans and Sophie Scholl distributed leaflets in the corridors of the University of Munich. Some copies of the leaflets were left over and the Scholls decided not to waste them. They returned to the atrium and flung the leaflets in the air. The action was observed by the custodian Jakob Schmid, who later called the Gestapo. They were taken away into custody and interrogated. After Hans confessed, Sophie pleaded full responsibility to try and spare the rest of the group members. Unfortunately soon after, the rest of the active members were arrested.
Hans Scholl, Sophie Scholl, and Christoph Probst: 22 February 1943 founded guilty of treason and were beheaded. The last words of Hans Scholl were " Es lebe die Freiheit" meaning long live freedom
Alexander Schmorell and Kurt Huber: 13 July 1943 founded guilty of treason and were beheaded.
Willi Graf: 12 October 1943 founded guilty of treason and was beheaded.
Many more members were killed or sentenced to serve time in prison.
The Sixth Leaflet
Shortly after the capture and execution of the White Rose members, the sixth leaflet was smuggled out of Germany by a friend of Hans Scholl and into the United Kingdom. The leaflet was then copied by the Allies and was dropped from war planes throughout all of Nazi Germany. This symbolized that though the young resistance was gone, The White Rose members will live on as icons of the new post-war Germany and that their legacy will be carried on.
There are several monuments dedicated to The White Rose. The most famous one in Germany is the " Geschwister-Scholl-Platz" which is the central hall Munich University. Also, opposite to the university there are two fountains. One is named " Professor-Huber-Platz".