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Loneliness & Young People
Transcript of Loneliness & Young People
Types of Loneliness
Loneliness in Young Adults
Experiences & Reasons
Lack of Time
Lack of Trusted People
De Jong Gierveld's Definition
"A situation experienced by the individual as one where there is an unpleasant or inadmissible lack of (quality of) certain relationships. This includes situations in which a number of existing relationships is smaller than considered desirable or admissible or situations where the intimacy one wishes for has not been realised. Thus, loneliness is seen to involve the manner in which a person experiences and evaluates his or her isolation and lack of communication with other people."
3. Social Network Requirements
4. Rejection Sensitivity
Ways & Spaces to Communicate
"More talk in the media and online about how these feelings [of loneliness] are common."
"I think mental illness is an issue that is not socially accepted to talk about enough. Therefore, I support any charity trying to change this perception."
Future Directions (in research)
Reported feeling lonely:
50% in person
“[There is] lack of genuine contact. Acquaintances [are] easy to create,
NOT many people you actually feel comfortable enough with to share your fears.”
“...Realizing life isn’t as good/sociable as it should be at this age.”
“Seeing other people in a group of friends and feeling, ‘I don’t have that.’”
Why is this important?
60% of young people vs. 35% of elderly people report feeling lonely 'sometimes' or 'often.'
Limited research & resources for young people
To establish if young adults (18-24) are affected by loneliness, how this manifests itself, and what young people think the solutions to this might be.
Online peer support (Elefriends)
Online & in person
De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale
5 free response questions
125 participants in university area
De Jong Gierveld & Kamphuis, ‘The development of a Rasch-type loneliness-scale’, Applied Psychological Measurement, 9 (1985), pp.289-299.
DiTommaso, Enrico, et al. ‘Attachment styles, social skills and loneliness in young adults’ Personality and Individual Differences 35 (2) 2003, pp.303-312.
Green, Richardson, Lago, Schatten-Jones, ‘Network Correlates of Social and Emotional Loneliness in Young and Older Adults’, Society for Personality and Social
Psychology, 27 (3) March 2001, pp.281-288.
"How to Cope with Loneliness." Mind: For Better Mental Health. 8 June 2015.
J.Watson, D.Nesdale, ‘Rejection Sensitivity, Social Withdrawal, and Loneliness in Young Adults’, Journal of Applied Psychology, 42 (8) August 2012, pp.1984-2005.
McDaid, David, Forsman, Anna K, Matosevic, Tihana, Park, A-La and Wahlbeck, Kristian (2015) Promoting mental wellbeing, tackling loneliness: a review of the
effectiveness of actions delivered outside of the health sector. In: Research showcase: Loneliness, prevention and wellbeing, 17/04/2015, London School of Economics.
Mental Health Foundation, The Lonely Society (2010).
Young people (18-24) do experience loneliness in similar proportions
Students experiences' of loneliness ranged from lack of time, to stress, to homesickness
Students came up with several solutions such as anonymous services, counselling, and spaces to meet, but many were still unsure of efficient methods
Mean Total Loneliness