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New Brunswick and The Confederation
Transcript of New Brunswick and The Confederation
After the Quebec conference, the premier of New Brunswick, Leonard
Tilley, called an election. Confederation was the main issue. Those who
were opposed to Confederation didn’t take it seriously. On Election
Day in 1865, the anti-Confederationists won easily. Tilley and his
supporters were defeated. People who supported Confederation were
worried, without New Brunswick there could be no Confederation. New Brunswick was the land link between Canada and the other Atlantic colonies. Despite the recent election, Tilley did not give up. He went to every part of the colony and spoke on the subject of Confederation. He was a sincere and honest speaker and his personal efforts helped to win people over. Three other events helped to convince the people of New Brunswick that there could be no progress without Confederation. First, the United States ended free trade with the British North American colonies. Second, the British government sent a message encouraging New Brunswickers to join Confederation. Third, the Fenians attacked New Brunswick in 1866. Task 1.A) Cont… Acadians:
My ancestors immigrated to Acadia in the mid-1600s as farmers. My grandparents returned and ever
since then, we have been living in this area. When France gave Acadia to Britain, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia were part of Acadia, until they split apart. We didn’t want Confederation, because we wanted to keep our national identity.
My ancestors settled in New Brunswick as Loyalists from the United States. (This happened just after Nova Scotia was divided and New Brunswick was created as a separate colony.) Most of our friends are British are were encouraging Confederation, however, we did not.
Usually, when I ship loads of timber to Great Britain, on the return trip, the ships are filled with immigrants on their way to Canada West. If there is to be Confederation, people from New Brunswick would lose their national identity and would not be able to continue their lifestyles and habits. Task 1.A) There are many ways that the colony of New Brunswick would benefit from joining the Confederation. They are:
There would be more raw materials to buy from the other colonies.
More merchants would be living in the colony that people could sell products to.
More people would be available to trade with those who don’t live across the border, therefore tariffs wouldn’t have to be paid.
However, there are many negative consequences as well.
More people would be trading with the other colonists.
There would be more people to compete with in the fishing industry
Transporting products would still be difficult, as the Intercolonial Railway would not be connecting the colony to the others.
Colonists would have to pay higher taxes, to help build a railway that wouldn’t benefit them.
Newfoundland businesses and its economy could therefore be harmed by confederation, more so than they benefited from it. In conclusion, I am NOT in favor of joining the confederation. Personal Opinions: Jackie Ways that the colony would benefit from joining the Confederation:
New Brunswick would have more control than before with the development of the provinces
The Intercolonial railway would allow transportation of goods to be sped up and increase the market of goods
Products that are unique to New Brunswick would be in higher demand than before
The decisions that the government would include our decisions.
The decisions we make will have less affect than those of other provinces
The Intercolonial railway would increase competition for goods
In conclusion, I am in FAVOUR of the Confederation. Personal Opinion: Peiling In 1867, New Brunswick had a population of approximately 270,000, made from a large variety of different ethnicities, including Acadians and Irish. The Canadian Confederation, during the 19th century,
was a union of most of
However, the people of
New Brunswick were not
sure whether or not they
actually wanted to join. Introduction By: Jaiden, Kevin.U, Peiling, and Jackie, 8A In conclusion, New Brunswick had people both in
and against the Confederation. There were many people who were anti-confederation. There were also people such as Premier Tilley were impressed by what the Confederation had to offer. Eventually, the pro-confederation people had won and by 1867, New Brunswick had joined the Dominion of Canada. On July 1st, 1867, Pro-Confederation people celebrated while the anti-confederation people did their best to stop it, but to no avail. That day commemorated the creation of the Dominion of Canada and has been celebrated since. Even now it is celebrated, only now it is known as Canada Day! Conclusion A problem with joining the confederation is that the people of New Brunswick believe that local problems should be solved before they have to deal with the issues that came with joining the confederation. There are many advantages, such as the Intercolonial railway that would be connect the Atlantic colonies to the Province of Canada, so that resources could be transported easily and New Brunswick would become wealthier. But, because of the Intercolonial railway, there would be more competition for better resources. Not only that, but most New Brunswickers felt that they would have little say in what the federal government decides. Problems with joining the Confederation There are many ways that the colony of New Brunswick would benefit from joining the Confederation. They are:
They can control their own taxes, education and military systems (less arguments and disagreements)
It would allow the government to pass bills more easily.
Colonies are a great source of raw materials, so with them united, they would create more finished products and goods
However, there are many negative consequences as well. They are:
By giving into a central government, people wanted more provincial rights
Taxes would increase to people some people were not going to benefit from the Intercolonial Railway
If there were war, the military systems would have to work together, whether they like it or not
In conclusion, I am in FAVOUR of confederation. Personal Opinion: Kevin U. How much power will we have in governmental decisions?
Will not having to pay tariffs affect us? If so, how?
What will this do to New Brunswick’s economy?
What will we be asked to contribute to the country?
Will our industries still be able to thrive? New Brunswick in 1867, when the province joined Confederation. New Brunswick 1. The Great Coalition. 2. The Intercolonial Railway 3. The Cancellation of the Reciprocity Treaty 4. A Threat of American Expansion into BNA 5. BNA Becoming More Self-Sufficient According to Great Britain's Wishes. 6. Some People Wanted to Expand Settlements into Rupert's Land and the North-west Territories. Positive Consequences The intercolonial railway would allow for larger quantities of goods to be transported outside of the colony. The Great Coalition would make Canada West and East more powerful and if New Brunswick joined, New Brunswick would have greater power. The cancellation of the Reciprocity Treaty would harm the country's economy. Joining together would give the BNA colonies a better economy. It is possible for New Brunswick to gain some of the land in Rupert's land and The North-West Territories for richer farmland. If BNA becomes independent, New Brunswick may gain more power and might have more money BNA has to do something in order to prevent the Americans from annexing our territory. Including colonizing the land, in which come of the land may possibly be given to New Brunswick. Negative Consequences The great coalition would give more power to Canada West and Canada East than to the Atlantic provinces like New Brunswick. Even though the confederation would improve the economy, the damage from not being able to trade with the US would take a lot of time to recover from. The Intercolonial railway would require New Brunswick to contribute to the construction. The threat of American expansion into Rupert's land is not as big a concern for New Brunswick. However, it would be a greeat concern for those f Canada West and Canada East for they may wna thtat land themselves. The creation of the CPR would make competition higher within the Atlantic Colonies whom almost all have fishing or ship-making as their primary or secondary industries. New Brunswick and The Confederation. Personal Opinion: Jaiden There are many ways that the colony of New Brunswick would benefit from joining the Confederation. They are:
The threat of American expansion would be diminished.
New Brunswick would be able to trade goods through an Intercolonial railway and trade with less tariff’s than usual.
New Brunswick would have better protection from Fenian attacks and the united dominion of Canada would provide protection from invaders
New Brunswick would have a greater say in taxes, education, and military within their own borders.
However, there are many negative consequences as well.
The French descendants may be assimilated into English ways, essentially losing their cultural identities in the process
There would be an increase in taxation in new Brunswick, and it would be imposed by the government to build an Intercolonial railway that wouldn't benefit New Brunswick
A federal tariff would be designed to protect mainland industries, and this would restrict their ability to buy and sell where they wanted.
If New Brunswick joined confederation, the amount of money they would receive from the central government each year only amounted to eighty cents per person, which wasn't enough.
Newfoundland businesses and its economy could be harmed by confederation more than they benefited from it. Therefore I am NOT in favor of confederation. Samuel Tilley The joining of three political parties: the Reform Party, lead by George Brown, the Liberal Party, lead by John A. Macdonald, and le Parti rouge, lead by George-Étienne Cartier, all of whom were for Confederation. The people of the United Province of Canada had begun to build a railway that was to go all across Canada. It was funded by tax payers and Britain, and was to be used to increase trade among colonies, speed up mail, and send troops to other places quicker. From 1854 to 1965, a treaty between the United States and Canada was in effect. This made it so that any corn products being traded from place to place was to have no tariffs on it. Some people in the Americas believed in the Manifest Destiny, where they believed that the entire continent North America should have belonged to the United States. Many people in the British government wanted British North America to be independent. Dealing with the problems of the colonies was expensive, as well as time consuming. Due to infertile soil in the southern part of Pre-Confederation North America, many people from those areas wanted to move into British territory. This would have made life more difficult for colonists.