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Chapter 17: Training for self-government(1907-1921)
Transcript of Chapter 17: Training for self-government(1907-1921)
A committee composed of two Filipino Lawyers and three American Military officers was created.
Philippines Commission - which was the lawmaking body during the early years of the American occupation in the Philippines, Passed the municipal Code Act.
The qualified voters were males. twenty-three years old and over.
Provincial Code Act - According to this law, the provincial government was to be administered by a board composed of governor, treasurer, and a supervisor.
Employment of Filipinos
1901 - Three Filipinos of known pro-american stance were appointed to the commission.
Trinidad H. Pardo de Tavera
The First Chief Justice was Cayetano Arellano.
Filipino were appointed as associate justices. Like Victorino Mapa, Manuel Araullo, and others.
The Horrison Appointment
1912 - The Republican Party ruled the Philippines throug Governors appointed by Republican Presidents.
Woodrow Wilson - He was in favor in granting independence to the Philippines. Wilson was elected President.
Henry Ford Jones - The investigator, reported to Wilson that the Filipinos had the capacity to govern themselves.
Francis Burton Harrison of New York as governor-general of the Philippines.
Filipinization Under Harrison
"Philippines for the Filipinos" was the beginning of Filipinization.
Slowly, the municipal and provincial governments were placed in the hands of Filipinos.
Francis Burton Harrison - Became Governor-general in 1913.
1921 - When Harrison's term of office was terminated by the defeat of the Democratic Party.
The Civil Service
1900 - Civil service was passed. According to this law, all government employees , whether in the municipal, provincial, or national government, shall be placed under the administrative control of the Bureau Of Civil Service.
Merit system - In which individual positive qualities and abilities, when it came to promotions.
1907 - the Filipinos shared with the Americans the responsibility of making laws.
When the Philippine Commission was abolished, the Philippine Senate was created.
The Assembly Became The House of Representatives.
Philippine Legislature - Under the Jones Law was inaugurated in Manila on October 16, 1916.
The Jones Law
Representative William Atkinson Jones - introduced two bills in American Congress.
1915 - That was approved by Congress. Known as the Jones Act of 1916.
The government was to have three branches-- the executive, the legislative, and the judicial.
The Executive Branch - was headed by governor-general.
The Legislative power or the power to make laws was vested in the Philippine Legislature.
The Judicial Power - was exercised by the Supreme Court and the lower courts of justice.
The Council of State
The Jones Law specifically provided that all departments under the executive branch were under the direct supervision and control of governor-general Harrison.
Council of State - it shared with the governor-general the power to initiate legislation.
1921 - The Filipinos was administering their government.
Eileen Joyce Tiglao
Jo Anne Panta
Daisy Joy Murillo