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A.S. Neill

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Amanda Nesseth

on 30 September 2014

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Transcript of A.S. Neill

Alexander Sutherland Neill, a Scottish writer, teacher, and philosopher, was born in Forfar, Angus on 10/17/1883-9/23/73
He created Summerhill.
Neill's school and ideas became world famous through his writings and lectures.
Was awarded honorary degrees from universities of Newcastle, Exeter, and Essex
History of Neill
Neill's Philosophy
Believed that children were innately good.
The center of life was to find happiness, which means to find interest
Purpose of teaching was to be happy and interested in life.
Interest came naturally and spontaneously and was a prerequisite for learning.
Freedom without license
When discussing typical students from private and public schools Neill comments on how they both "had the same acceptance of the second-rate in life, the same enslavement to the status quo, the same negation of love and joy"
Neill's Ideals
Allowing children freedom to grow emotionally.
Offering children power over their own lives.
Giving children the time to develop naturally.
Creating a happier childhood by removing fear of coercion by adults
By Amanda Nesseth, Janelle Gard and
Chase Lindow
A.S. Neill
Ideas on Education
Contributions to Education
Ideas of Teaching
Stance on Traditional Education
1. Democratic Education
Students choose when and what to do in school
2. The Summerhill School
An entire school based off of democratic education
3. The Movement on Homeschooling
4. Child's freedom to choose
Allows for choice in course material and even whether they go to class or not!
5. Going against the norm and questioning the ways things worked.
Why does formal education work the way it does? Who made these decisions?
Thought Education:
lacked freedom, democracy and choice
freedom vs. rigor
should allow students to grow
Teachers should:
have a minimal role in the learning process
not actually teach
be compassionate
caring > teaching skills
These things led to the development of the Summerhill School.
Suffocates creativity
His father was a Dominie (A German schoolmaster), who was especially harsh on him, but Neill gives him credit for his imagination as being a good role model for teaching.
Neill critiques
"The Unfree Child
Created long before birth
Deprives children of all sense of wonder and curiousity.
Shapes children to what it seens as socially acceptable.
Neill, Alexander Sutherland. Summerhill: A Radical Approach to Child Rearing. New York: Hart Pub., 1960
Here and Now. Documentary.
Bailey, Richard. A.S. Neill. London: Bloomsbury, 2013. E-book.
"A.S.NEILL." A.S Neill. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Sept. 2014.
Full transcript