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Transcript of A.S. Neill
He created Summerhill.
Neill's school and ideas became world famous through his writings and lectures.
Was awarded honorary degrees from universities of Newcastle, Exeter, and Essex
History of Neill
Believed that children were innately good.
The center of life was to find happiness, which means to find interest
Purpose of teaching was to be happy and interested in life.
Interest came naturally and spontaneously and was a prerequisite for learning.
Freedom without license
When discussing typical students from private and public schools Neill comments on how they both "had the same acceptance of the second-rate in life, the same enslavement to the status quo, the same negation of love and joy"
Allowing children freedom to grow emotionally.
Offering children power over their own lives.
Giving children the time to develop naturally.
Creating a happier childhood by removing fear of coercion by adults
By Amanda Nesseth, Janelle Gard and
Ideas on Education
Contributions to Education
Ideas of Teaching
Stance on Traditional Education
1. Democratic Education
Students choose when and what to do in school
2. The Summerhill School
An entire school based off of democratic education
3. The Movement on Homeschooling
4. Child's freedom to choose
Allows for choice in course material and even whether they go to class or not!
5. Going against the norm and questioning the ways things worked.
Why does formal education work the way it does? Who made these decisions?
lacked freedom, democracy and choice
freedom vs. rigor
should allow students to grow
have a minimal role in the learning process
not actually teach
caring > teaching skills
These things led to the development of the Summerhill School.
His father was a Dominie (A German schoolmaster), who was especially harsh on him, but Neill gives him credit for his imagination as being a good role model for teaching.
"The Unfree Child
Created long before birth
Deprives children of all sense of wonder and curiousity.
Shapes children to what it seens as socially acceptable.
Neill, Alexander Sutherland. Summerhill: A Radical Approach to Child Rearing. New York: Hart Pub., 1960
Here and Now. Documentary.
Bailey, Richard. A.S. Neill. London: Bloomsbury, 2013. E-book.
"A.S.NEILL." A.S Neill. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Sept. 2014.