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Semipalatinsk

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by

Shirin Dinyarian

on 25 October 2014

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Transcript of Semipalatinsk

Nuclear Weapons
RDS-1 or Joe-1

August 29, 1949
First bomb that was detonated
It had produced 22 kilotons
Plutonium based device
Igor Kurchatov was the leader of building it
Resembled the bomb from the U.S. to Japan
The Aftermath: Effects on Human Life
Over 1.6 million people received radiation
Caused high rates of cancer and many birth defects
The radiation highly affected newborn children
In 1991, Kazakhstan's President Nursultan Nazarbayev officially closed the site and ordered medical help for those suffering from illness
Aftermath: Effect on Environment
By: Gabrielle, Jamila,
Kiran, Shirin & Zahra
Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan
this
Who?
The first Soviet atomic bomber: Yulii Borisovich Khariton
Head of the Soviet atomic bomb project: Lavrentiy Beria
Affected people; more about them later

Yulii Borisovich Khariton
Yulii Borisovich Khariton
caused
What?
Lavrentiy Beria
A nuclear testing site: The Soviet Union
Conducted tests without care, most thought areas were uninhabited
1949-1989 : 456 nuclear tests

The equivalent of 2500 Hiroshima atomic bombs
Three main explosions:
RDS-1; August 29, 1949
RDS -2; September 24, 1951
RDS -4; August 12, 1953
Where?
Click to add text
The Disaster
Spot Today
Visitors to Semey are safe
Effects of bomb still make serious issues on the health of the people of Semey
Certain tunnels leading to the site have been closed
Still has areas with nuclear material
When?
The first nuclear test to ever happen in Kazakhstan was on August 29, 1949
The nuclear test site was 100 km west of the city Semipalatinsk ( now called Semey) in Kazakhstan
Map of Kazakhstan
The first thermonuclear test was on August 12, 1953
There is a definite decrease in the animal and plant life populations in this region with evidence of soil contamination.
A report submitted to Human and Ecological Risk Assessment (HERA) in 2001 about the environmental and human damage to this region recommended further examination and research of these after effects.
RDS-1 and Explosion
Atomic Lakes are forming
because of nuclear tests
Full transcript