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Transcript of ARTICLES
Alex Leung, and Jay Jinjuwadia THE A/AN Geographical Use Do not use the before: Count and Noncount Nouns The can be used with count nouns
and noncount nouns. Definite Pronoun Basic Rules An article is an adjective! Like adjectives, articles modify nouns. The is used before singular and plural nouns when the noun is specific or particular. The signals that the noun is definite, that it refers to a particular member of a group. Or the article can be omitted entirely! Examples "I love to sail over the water" or "I love to sail over water" "He spilled the milk all over the table" or "He spilled milk all over the table" "The bear slipped on the ice" or "The bear slipped on ice" names of most countries/territories: Italy, Mexico, Bolivia, etc. Many countries whose names derive from important geographical features take a definite article:
the Philippines - refers to the Philippine islands
the Netherlands - literally means “the lowlands.” Many countries whose names describes their political organization take a definite article:
the United States of America
the United Kingdom
the Republic of China names of cities, towns, or states: Townsville, Fremont, Idaho, etc. names of streets: Sesame St., Washington Blvd., etc. names of mountains: Mount Everest, Mount Fuji, etc. Ranges of mountains take a definite article:
the Rockies names of continents names of islands: Maui, Easter Island, etc. Island chains take a definite article:
the Canary Islands Do use the before: names of rivers, oceans and seas: the Red Sea, the Pacific, etc. points on the globe: the North Pole, the Equator, the Tropic of Caner, etc. geographical areas: the Middle East, the West deserts, forests, gulfs, and peninsulas: the Sahara, the Persian Gulf, the Black Forest A and an are used before singular nouns when the noun is not specific.
A and an signal that the noun modified is indefinite, referring to any member of a group. Basic Rules Count and Noncount Nouns A/an can be used only with count nouns. "I need a bottle of water."
Most of the time, you can't say, "She wants a water," unless you're implying, say, a bottle of water. Example Rules Pertaining to Sound Using a or an depends on the sound that begins the next word a + singular noun beginning with a consonant: a cat, a mat an + singular noun beginning with a vowel: an earring, an apple a + singular noun beginning with a consonant sound: a university an + nouns starting with silent "h": an hour a + nouns starting with a pronounced "h": a hospital, a horse a unicorn Remember, these rules also apply when you use acronyms!
an ICaP (Introductory Composition at Purdue)
an MSPP (Malevolent Sentient Poogle Plushie) If the noun is modified by an adjective, the choice between a and an depends on the initial sound of the adjective that immediately follows the article:
a broken egg
an unusual problem
a European country Quiz Time! Please take un piece de papel. Examples The dog that bit me ran away. I was happy to see the policeman who saved my cat! I saw the elephant at the zoo. Pilates is hard for a one-legged man. AN Omission of Articles Names of languages and nationalities
(unless you are referring to the population of the nation) Names of sports Names of academic subjects The Chinese do not like to be judged. Mr. Boegman likes kayaking. Dogs cannot learn biology. names of continents The monkey just wants a banana. The monkey wants a banana. A END Bibliography
Lynch, Paul, Allen Brizee, and Elizabeth Angeli. "How to Use Articles
(a/an/the)." Purdue OWL. Purdue University, 3 Mar. 2011. Web. 10 Apr. 2013.