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personality and temperament

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Faisal Ahmed

on 21 January 2015

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Transcript of personality and temperament

Personality
Key Topic 3:
Define the key word:

Personality
Do Now

How would you describe your partner's personality?

Interview your partner for 1 minute.

2 minute to write YOUR description.

You must describe your partner's personality in 30 seconds or less.....
Learning Outcomes:

To be able to explain the link between personality and temperament
.

To be able to describe characteristics of a person's personality.

To be able to define the keyword 'personality'.


---The Tibetan Personality Test----

1. Put these in the order you like...
Horse, Tiger, Cow, Sheep, Pig

2. Describe each one...
Dog- Cat- Coffee- Sea-

3. Think of someone your close to and give them a colour...
Yellow- Red- Orange- White- Green-





-----Answers----
Horse= Family,
Tiger= Pride,
Cow= Money,
Sheep= Love,
Pig= Career



Dog= Your Personality,
Cat= Your Soul mates Personality,
Coffee= The World,
Sea= The way you see yourself



Yellow= You'll always remember,
Red= Someone you love,
Orange= A friend,
White= Your twin Soul,
Green= You'll never forget
PERSONALITY TEST

SEE HANDOUT
With many details, you are analytical, cautious & distrustful.

With few details, you are emotional & naïve, care little for details, & are a risk taker.

With 4 legs showing, you are secure & stubborn, & you stick to your ideals.



With less than 4 legs, you are insecure or you are going through a period of major change.

With large ears, you are a good listener. The larger the ears the better listener you are.

With a long tail, you have a good love life. The longer the tail the better it is!
Toward to top of the paper, you are a positive, optimistic person.

Toward the middle of the paper, you are a realist.

Toward the bottom of the paper, you are a pessimist & have a tendency to be negative.



Facing left, you area traditional, friendly, & good at remembering dates, including birthdays.

Facing forward (or angled forward) you are direct, enjoy playing “ the devils advocate”, & neither fear nor avoid discussions.

Facing right, you are innovative & active but do not have a strong sense of family, & you are not good at remembering dates.
If the pig is drawn….

You have 3 minutes
Instructions
How you’ve drawn your pig is a useful test of your personality traits
The pig personality profile
The Pig Personality Profile
Work with your partner and develop a definition
Personality is made up of the characteristic patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that make a person unique.
One last thing...

Paralinguistics

'Annie, are you ok?'
Multiple Personality Disorder
Do we choose our personalities?

Discuss
MPD is “dissociative disorder in which two or more distinct personalities co-exist within the same individual”
Is a mental process which produces a lack of connection in a person’s thoughts, memories, feelings, actions or sense of identity. This is on a spectrum, we have all be affected mildly e.g. daydreaming, getting ‘lost’ in a book or film or driving on ‘auto-pilot’.
MPD SYMPTOMS

At least two distinct identities or personality states.
Each personality has it own lasting pattern of sensing, thinking and relating to self and the environment.
At least two of these personalities assume control of the patients behaviour
Invent a distinct seperate identity.

Incorporate the following:


Personality
Looks
Career
Language
TEMPERAMENT
Learning Outcomes:

To be able to describe and evaluate the key study by Buss and Plomin.

To be able to define the keyword 'Temperament'.


So, what is your temperament?
Temperament refers to the inherited aspects of personality.
See handout entitled: Four Types of Temperament
Temperament also remains fairly constant throughout life.

Understanding temperament can be important in helping people to recognise which situations they may find difficult.

Although temperament can’t change, they can find ways to deal with this situations. For example, If someone is easily distracted they can learn how to get rid of distractions before starting an important task.
THOMAS, CHESS & BIRCH (1977)

Aim: To discover whether ways of responding to the environment remain stable throughout life.



Method: They studied 133 children from infancy to early adulthood. The children’s behaviour was observed and their parents were interviewed. The parents were asked about the child’s routine and its reactions to change.



Results: they found that the children fell into three types:

“Easy”, “Difficult”, and “Slow to warm up”.

Easy children were happy, flexible, and regular.

The Difficult children were demanding, inflexible and cried a lot.

The children that were “slow to warm up” didn't respond well to change or new experiences to begin with, but once adapted they were usually happy.





Conclusion: These ways of responding to the environment stayed with the children as they developed. Thomas, Chess and Birch therefore concluded that temperament is innate (genetically inherited)
EVALUATION

1. This was a longitudinal study (repeated observations of the same variables over long periods of time). Can you think of the advantage and disadvantage of carrying a longitudinal study?

2. All children were from middle class families. What's the problem with chosen participants from only one section of society?

3. Parents were interviewed for this study. Outline one drawback of asking parents about their children?
Buss and Plomin (1984)

Aim: To test whether temperament is innate.



Method: 228 pairs of monozygotic twins, and 172 pairs of dizygotic twins aged 5 years were tested for emotionality, activity, and sociability.

The scores for the twins in each pair was compared

If temperament is genetic, what would you expect the results to be?
Studies into Temperament
Outline and evaluate the studies into temperament
How did Buss and Plomin investigate temperament?
What is one disadvantage of studying monozygotic twins?
How did Kagan and Snidman investigate temperament?
What is the advantage of using an experimental setting?
What is the disadvantage of using an experimental setting?
Lesson Objectives
Buss and Plomin (1984)

Results: The monozygotic twins had more closely correlated scores than the dizygotic twins.




Conclusion: Temperament has a genetic basis.
Studies into Temperament
M____________ twins are useful to study because they are g_____________ identical, so any differences between them must be l___________ rather than i___________.
Copy and Complete
Studies into Temperament
Results (continued): Kagan and Snidman followed up the experiment 11 years later and found that differences still existed between the two groups. High reactives were shy in new situations, low reactives were calm.
Conclusion: These temperaments are due to inherited differences in the brain’s responses
Evaluation: What is the advantage of using a large sample of people?
What is a problem with using observations to study behaviour?
Lesson Outcomes:

To be able to outline and evaluate the studies into temperament.

To be able to evaluate answers to personality questions.
Studies into Temperament
Kagan and Snidman (1991)


Aim: To investigate whether temperament is due to biological differences
Method: The reactions to new situations of 500 babies aged four months were studied. The baby was settled in a seat by its caregiver for three minutes. The caregiver then moved out of view while a researcher showed toys to the baby for three minutes.
Results: 20% of the babies reacted by crying and flailing their arms and legs about; these were classed as high reactive. 40% showed little movement or emotion and were classed as low reactive. The remaining 40% were somewhere in-between these classifications
Studies into Temperament
Dizygotic (fraternal) twins
Monozygotic (identical) twins
Twin Studies
What is the difference between monozygotic and dizygotic twins?

Why are monozygotic twins so useful to psychological research?
SLOW TO WARM UP CHILDREN
DIFFICULT CHILDREN
EASY CHILDREN
LONGITUDINAL STUDY
TEMPERAMENT
PERSONALITY
PLIESNORATY
TENPREMAMET
LOGIUDTINALNL DUTSY
SEAY CIDRLHEN
DULFICFIT CIDRLHEN
SOLW OT WRAM PU CIDRLHEN
Solve the following anagrams relating to last lesson
Evaluation:

Why else might the scores be similar for the monozygotic twins?
Can the results for twins be generalised to the rest of the population?


Letters for trip to London
Home Learning Booklets
Expectations
Do Now

Answer the following questions
in your books

1. Define Temperament.

2. Identify the four main types of temperament.

3. AMRC for Buss and Plomin
Personal, Learning and Thinking Skills

Creative Thinkers

Reflective Learners
Literacy Focus:

To spell all keywords correctly.
Learning Objective:

To explore the concept of
temperament.
Let's get started...

Please complete the personality test and please answer honestly.
What are you going to do today?

You are going to investigate the different types of temperament.

You will work in expert groups; read through the information and make notes in your books.
Remember you have to feedback to your groups; so
they have a good understanding of the four
types of temperament.
FEEDBACK TO YOUR ORIGINAL GROUPS

Now return to your original groups and share your knowledge and understanding.

GROUP LEADERS PLEASE ENSURE THAT TEAM MEMBERS DO NOT SIMPLY COPY ONE ANOTHER'S WORK. THEY MUST EXPLAIN THE TYPE OF TEMPERAMENT THEY HAVE INVESTIGATED.


What have you learnt today?

Q & A
Group A Group B Group C Group D Group E Group F
Safiyyah (L)
Umar
Raessah
Ciara
Morgan
Assim (L)
Simran
Sarah
Sophie
Sheraz
Yunus (L)
Banthana
Ossama
Courtney
Nadiyah (L)
Natalia
Deen (L)
Daad
Adam
Jessica
Asad
Milon (L)
Siddiq
Fatimah
Huzaifa
Michael Jackson was a master at changing the rate speed, tone and pitch of his voice.
Learning Objective:

To explore Buss and Plomin's investigation into twins' personalities.
Lesson 1, 2 & 3
Personality
Learning Objective:

To explore the concept of personality through personality tests.
Personal, Learning and Thinking Skills:
Self Managers

Effective Participators
Literacy Focus:

To use appropriate punctuation.
Listen to this man carefully!
DUCTUCLUM
Full transcript