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Transcript of Ulama
There are different types of Ulama and each variant has its own slightly different rules. Rules
Allows for up to 12 total players to be involved in one game.
The equipment used during this game are the players traditional loincloths with leather pads on their hips.
As well as the ball they use is made of rubber and weights 7lbs.
Teams contain 1-3 players on each team.
This variant was mainly played by women.
The game is played by hitting the ball with your forearms which are wrapped. The playing field is not as large as the one used for hip Ulama.
A heavy wooden paddle is used to hit the ball from side to side.
The ball is only a pound so that hitting it with the paddle is easier
Teams contain only 1-3 players on each team.
Origin Ulama is a Meso-American game
mostly played in the Sinaloa State of Mexico. Ulama Statistics :
Longest recorded game lasted 8 days.
Modern day games are ended after 2 hours. There is limited information on Ulama as it is more of a local passtime than an actual professional game. Activity Explanation The objective of Ulama is to keep the ball in bounds while hitting the ball to and from each side of the court without a stoppage. The team that has the ball stop on their side gains no point and the oppsite team does (like volleyball or tennis). Players are only allowed use the part of the body destined. This can be the hip, the forearm or a paddle. Players can’t touch a teammate at anytime and each team gets their turn to serve with the ball. The game is played to a score of 8 and if both teams after a turn have a score of 8 the game is reset at 0. Tally marks are made in the court to keep score. Balls are made with rubber.
- Ball is hit out of bounds.
- The ball is hit with another part of the body other then the hip, forearm or the paddle.
- A teammate makes contact with another teammate.
- If the someone on the court misses the ball it’s a point for the opposing team.
- If when a team scores if they don’t yell out the new score the other team will gain a point.
- Point is scored if the ball stops anywhere other than on the line in the center of the court.
- If the opposing team hits the ball when it’s not their turn to gain possess.
- Game is played to 8. The way points are scored: Originally stemmed from the Aztec ballgame dating back to ancient Mesoamerican dating back to the 2nd millennium. The game extended from the area of Mexico to El Salvador and possibly to the areas of Arizona and New Mexico. The game now only survives in areas where Spanish influence is less involved such as the Mexican Province of Sinaloa. The reason behind the above fact is that the Spanish ban this game from being played in most areas due to the religious rituals involved with it. Game balls have been found and aged to be 1600 years old. Figurines of players have been found and dated back to the time of 1200 B.C.
Hi History Score!
Thanks for reading about the historical game of Ulama. Now prepare for the next rounds and always honor the gods! Cultural Impact The cultural impact of Ulama and more importantly its predecessor the Aztec Ballgame is huge. Firstly Ulama and its predecessor reflected the religion of the peoples. They often played in the honor of the gods and as you know blood letting was big in their culture as the means of creation of man. Therefore sacrafices were sometimes part of the festivites. Secondly, Ulama and the ancient ball game are both extremely physically demanding sports; this might have had something to do with the idea of keeping physically fit as the peoples here had to keep in good shape in order to survive. This is especially true for such warrior cultures as the Aztecs also known as La Mexica. Therefore this game might have been a way for men and women to keep in shape during non warrior related activities as well as something to keep the warrior culture in balance within the community. Lastly, Ulama as a decendent of ancient ball games serves as a connection to the ancient cultures that are now no longer prominent. This is true in the fact that Ulama is played mostly in Sinaloa where European influence is limited. Therefore Ulama is a way for the local populations to connect with their ancient ancestors and their customs. BY: Alfred Chin and Matt Decker
World Cultures Period: 2
Due: Dec 12th, 2012