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Copy of Sources or Moral Theology

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James slaughter

on 29 January 2015

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Transcript of Copy of Sources or Moral Theology

Catholic Morality
The basics
Foundational Principles
Veritatis splendor:
-Moral Theology is a reflection concerned with morality, with the good and evil of human acts and of the person who performs them
We believe our moral life is based on trying to live and treats others the way Jesus did. or live the "good"
Relativism:
"Moral Obligations are simply the socially approved customs of our time"
Survivalism:
"That is good promotes survival; that is
evil which does not"
GOD:
God is the "fullness of goodness" -- the ultimate good
Kinds of Moral Theology
-
Fundamental Moral Theology
-
Special Moral Theology
-
Social Ethics
-Sexual Ethics
-Bioethics
The History of Moral Theology
Ethics brefore/Other than Scripture
-Did not Begin with the Fathers of the Church
-Rise of Philosophy (Socrates, Aristotle, Epicurus)
eudaemonism- Making people truly happy
hedonism- aimed at maximizing pleasure
-
-Other Religions
- Many faiths/denominations have ethical ideas and patterns of behavior
ARE CHRISTIAN ETHICS DISTINCTIVE?
ARE CHRISTIAN ETHICS DISTINCTIVE?
MOTIVATION FOR BEING MORAL: Christians are moral for the sake of being religious: Christians act morally because they want to be faithful..
THE CHARACTER OF THE MORAL AGENT:
The Christian story, and participation in the Christian Community dispose the character of the Christian to act a certain way
POINTS OF REFERENCE: Points of reference help to evaluate situations.
The History of Moral Theology
-
Schools of Theology -to- Manuals -to- Moral systems
1. rigorism: Follow what the law or authority says no matter what

2. tutiorism: one must take the morally safer position
5. probabiliorism: one must take the opinion with more evidence on its side
4. laxism: one takes the easier position
3. probabilism: if an opinion is probable, it is
permissible to adopt it, even if the opposite is more probable
6. equiprobabilism: Where there is a law in possession of conscience it must be respected, where the law does not bind, the person remains free
HISTORY OF MORAL THEOLOGY..con't
The Nineteenth Century and Twentieth Centuries:
A need to develop methods further
Living out grace, not application of static norms
A theoretical base for morality in nature and grace .."Social Problems"????
Pope Leo XIII: "Catholic Social Teaching"
History of Moral Theology....
1960- the Present:
VATICAN II: "Special Attention needs to be given to the development of moral theology...scriptural teaching
(VERITATIS SPLENDOR)
Sources of Moral Theology
1. SCRIPTURE: Authoritative books which record the Jewish and Christian experiences of God's self-disclosures
2.TRADITION: The ways of thinking and living that are 'handed over" from one generation to the next. Also a body of theological reflections... ( "t" vs "T" )
3. REASON: The natural human capacity to know truth. The way we interpret and understand Scripture, Tradition, and experience
4. EXPERIENCE: Our encounter with the world both past and present.
SCRIPTURE
Committing the message of Jesus to writing
What is "authentic"writing..and what is not..
development of the Canon
using textual criticism is best approach
EXEGESIS (not eisegesis) of Scripture: is equally important
Mores vs Morals
assessment of the meaning to the history
motives
circumstances
consequences
FOUR LEVELS OF LAW
ETERNAL LAW:
The mind (ratio) of God which orders and governs creation
DIVINE LAW:
The explicit revelation of the mind of God in Scripture
HUMAN LAW:
Human attempts to formulate laws
NATURAL LAW:
The expression of the mind of God in the order that God has built into creation
MAGISTERIUM
Teaching Authority
Positive
Negative
Type of Teaching
infallible
non-infallible
EXPERIENCE
Hermeneutical Circle
SEE (experience)
JUDGE ( analysis)
FAITH
ACT
Reality
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