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ToK presentation; topic: abortion
Transcript of ToK presentation; topic: abortion
or ''unwantedness'' do not morally
justify abortion.'' To what extend do we support this statement? Knowledge issue Real life situations Bibliography Abortion What is the abortion? The termination of pregnancy by the removal or expulsion from the uterus of a fetus or embryo prior to viability. Two ways to occur:
1. spontaneously (miscarriage)
2. purposely induced (medical abortion) Among the safest procedures in medicine. The term abortion most commonly refers to the induced abortion of a human pregnancy. Induced 205 million pregnancies occur each year world wide. A third are unintended. A fifth end in induced abortion. Intentional abortion can occur in several ways. The manner depends upon:
1. the gestational age of the embryo/fetus;
3. regional availability;
4. doctor or patient preference. Reasons for procuring typically characterized as either therapeutic or elective. Therapeutic abortion when preformed:
* to save the life of the pregnant woman;
* to prevent harm to the woman's physical or mental health;
* where indications are that the child will have a significantly increased chance of premature morbidity or mortality or to be otherwise disabled;
* to selectively reduce the number of fetuses to lessen health risks associated with multiple pregnancy. Elective or voluntary abortion when preformed at the request of the woman for non-medical reasons. The child is unwanted Main argument: ''It is better for the child to be dead than for the child to be unwanted.'' Main question: ''Is certain death really the answer to potential neglect or abuse?'' Neglected substantial reality: ''Even if the biological parents want nothing to with their offspring, there are families all over the nation waiting desperately to adopt a baby, families who are willing to adopt diseased babies of any race or ethnicity.'' The mother can't afford a child Main argument: ''If upbringing of a baby is going to be too expensive, the mother has a right to kill it.'' Main questions: ''Isn't it true, that there are born-children, today, who are growing up in poverty?'' & ''Has anyone ever heard someone argue that the mothers of these born-children should have the right to kill them, since they can't afford to raise them?'' Neglected substantial reality: ''The mother of a child has a right to request social assistance from a state, as well as the alimony from a (biological) father of a child.'' The baby is handicapped, disabled,
diseased, or deformed Main argument: "Putting a child to death is an acceptable solution to that child's physical or mental disability.'' Main questions: ''Do these physical limitations make them less human?'' & ''Is killing those who are sick really an acceptable way to treat sickness?'' Neglected substantial reality: ''Often, the tests prove wrong, and more often still, these children, if allowed to live, end up with lives of joy and happiness that far exceeds those of their ''more healthy'' peers. The woman was raped Main questions: ''If a woman didn't choose to engage in sex in the first place, should she have to carry to term a child that was the result of her forced union?'' Neglected substantial reality: ''Rape is never the fault of the child. The guilty party, not an innocent party, should be punished.'' Main argument: ''It is hard that an innocent woman has to take on childbearing and possibly mothering for which she was not willing or ready. Quotes PROS CONS ''It is poverty to decide that a child must die so that you may live as you wish.'' - Mother Teresa ''No woman can call herself free until she can choose whether she will or will not be a mother.'' - Margaret Sanger ''I notice that all of the people who support abortion are already born.'' - Ronald Reagan ''I certainly supported a woman's right to choose, but to my mind the time to choose was before, not after the fact.'' - Ann B. Ross ''Reproductive freedom is critical to a whole range of issues. If we can't take charge of this most personal aspect of our lives, we can't take care of anything. It should not be seen as a privilege or as a benefit, but a fundamental human right.'' - Faye Wattleton ''You can't really protect women or men from their choices, so let them have their own lives and trust the process.'' - Stephen Singular * www.goodreads.com
* www.abortionfacts.com Presentation by Teodora Došen