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The 5 Text Structures

The 5 text structures help you understand and identify the text.

Kaylen Johnson

on 12 September 2011

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Transcript of The 5 Text Structures

The first text structure is Chronological. This type of text structure is usually a sequence of actions or a span from one event to the next. Some words that can help you identify the chronological text structures are: following, afterwards, soon after, finally, last, before, and first, second, etc. Some questions you can ask yourself are: "What is the cause?" and, "What are the effects?" The second text structure is Cause and Effect. Cause and Effect shows examples as to what the cause was and how that caused an effect. This is simular to a chain reaction which always has a cause that leads to an effect. The words that identify this structure are accordingly, as a result of, because, is caused by, may be due to, therefore, effects of, causes, in order to, etc. The 5 Text Structures The fourth text structure is Compare and Contrast. Compare and Contrast is used a lot, when you read you should ask yourself these simple questions: "What is being compared?", "What are the similarities?" and, "What are the differences?". To also help you identify compare and contrast these are the signal words. The compare signal words are: both, similar, either...or, in common, and similar. The contrast signal words are: as opposed to, however, different from, and on the other hand. The fifth text structure is Classification. Classification helps you to classify the differences in two or more topics. You can identify this structure by looking for these words: for instance, such as, to begin with, an example is, to illustrate, and characteristics. During a classification piece ask yourself these questions to further help you understand: "What specific topic, people, ideas, or what other things are being described and grouped?", "How are they being described?" and, "What is important to remember about them?" Tip: If you use these signal words and questions, you as the reader understand the text. The third text structure is Problem and Solution. For this text structure some questions you should ask yourself are: "What is the problem?", "What is the solution?", and "What caused the problem?". Also some words that can help you identify problem are, difficulty, threat, struggle, uncertainly, worry, and trouble. Solution signal words are: answer, hope, and possibility. When you read a text that has a problem and solution use these questions and words to help you identify and understand what the text is all about.
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