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Sustainability & Climate Change

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on 22 August 2018

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Transcript of Sustainability & Climate Change

ECCO
Sustainability & Climate Change
The current warming trend is the result of human activity since the mid-20th
Increased levels of greenhouse gases must cause the Earth to warm in response.
ACTIONS
Mexico and the World
What is being done?
PROBLEM IN...
ECOSYSTEMS
Changes in the time of seasonal life cycle events
Food Web Disruptions
Buffer and Threshold Effects
Extinction Risks

COMMUNITIES

Climate change could make it too hot to grow certain crops, and droughts caused by climate change could reduce the amount of water available for irrigation.
Agriculture

Global climate change will affect how much energy we need and when we need it.
Energy
Rising temperatures, changing precipitation patterns, and increasing droughts will affect the amount of water in lakes, rivers, and streams, as well as the amount of water that seeps into the ground to replenish groundwater.
Water Suplies

Heat waves, severe storms, air pollution, and diseases linked to climate already threaten people's health in many areas of the world. Global climate change will increase these threats.
Health
COUNTRIES
From 1880 to 2012, average global temperature increased by 0.85°C
Global emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) have increased by almost 50% since 1990

CAUSES
Expansion of the "greenhouse effect":

Industrial Activities raisisng from 200
EFFECTS
Glaciers have shrunk causing sea level rise
Ice on rivers and lakes is breaking up earlier
plant and animal ranges have shifted
trees are flowering sooner
Longer, more intense heat waves

Policies and targets to:
address climate change
reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions
transition toward a low-carbon and climate-resilient society.
guarantee the right to a healthy environment and to regulate GHG emissions
In Mexico, climate change impacts could lead to an increase in the intensity of droughts, rain and tropical cyclones, exacerbating inequities in employment, health, and access to food, water and other resources.
Main economic impacts associated with climate change are related to a possible crisis due to the scarcity of goods and services, for adverse impacts on energy, transportation and distribution infrastructures.
Mexico is working in mainstreaming the agendas of climate change and natural disaster reduction as part of its planning process.
What will be done?
Mexico Targets
An unconditional target to reduce GHG emissions by 22 percent below the baseline by 2030.
A conditional target to reduce GHG emissions by up to 36 percent below the baseline by 2030
PARIS AGREEMENT
to limit temperature rise to 1.5°C
POINT 1 Improve fuel efficiency and promote the switch to clean fuels in industrial activities.
POINT II Strengthen actions to reduce emissions of non-CO2 gases.
POINT III Reduce distortions in the economy through introducing carbon pricing and phasing out fossil fuel subsidies.
POINT IV Increase capacity and efficiency in the electricity sector (transmission and distribution).
POINT V Promote synergies with adaptation objectives (deforestation and reforestation) and other sectoral actions (agriculture).
POINT VI Prompt the transition to clean and well-designed transport options.
POINT VII Increase energy efficiency in commercial and residential buildings.
POINT VIII Develop a comprehensive, long-term strategy for achieving net zero GHG emissions in line with the long-term goals in the Paris Agreement.
Technology
Clean Renewable Energy
Electric Cars
Saving Wildlife with GPS
Reducing the Paper Trail
Agriculture Goes High Tech
Remotely Monitoring the Environment
International NGO’s
Greenpeace
World Wildlife Fund
350.org
Conservation international
Earth Day Network
Fauna and Flora international
Plant a Tree Today Foundation
Mexican NGO’s
Centro Mexicano de Derecho Ambiental
Pronatura México
Espacios Naturales y Desarrollo Sustentable
Fondo Mexicano para la Conservación de Naturaleza
STAKEHOLDRES
AFFECTED
Humans
Animals
All ecosystems
Flora and fauna
All vital elements to live
To take action
Governments
Communities
Individuals
Corporations
Alliances between countries
Full transcript