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Copy of Patho Concept Map

Hyperthyroidism
by

Tami Salwater

on 21 January 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Patho Concept Map

Excessive overproduction of thyroid hormone by the thyroid gland. Hyperthyroidism Due to increased metabolism, patients should be treated with 4000-5000 cal. diets that are delivered in 4-6 meals a day. Nutritional Thyroidectomy may be indicated if:
Unresponsive to drug therapy, large goiters causing trachial compression, or possible malignancy. Surgical Antithyriod drugs such as propylthiouracil.
Beta blockers for symptomatic relief of thyrotoxicosis, such as Inderal.
Iodine Medication 80% of peaple treated with RIT end up with hypothyroidism, which leads to life long thyroid replacement therapy. RIT damages and destroys the thyroid.
Radioactive Iodine Therapy Treatment Signs and
Symptoms Causes Risk factors Complications Thyrotoxic Crisis Also called a Thyroid storm, this life-threatening condition develops in cases of untreated thyrotoxicosis, (hyperthyroidism). Symptoms are severe and may include: Agitation; Change in alertness (consciousness); Confusion; Diarrhea; Cardiac dysrhytmias, and death. Occurs more often in women, Mostely in 20-40 years old Graves Disease (Most Common), Toxic nodular goiter (if the nodules secrete thyriod hormone it is classified as toxic), Thyrioditis, Iodine tumor, Thyriod cancers. Neurosensory GI system Musculoskeletal Cardiovascular Integumentary Nervousness,
Fine tremors,
Irritability,
Hyperreflexia,
Depression,
Fatigue. Fatique,
Muscle wasting,
Edema,
Osteoporosis,
Weakness Increased appetite,
Thirst,
Peristalsis or
Hyperactive bowel,
Splenomegaly,
Hepatomegaly. Warm moist skin,
thin brittle nails,
Clubbing,
heat intolerance,
Diaphoresis,
Rash. Hypertension,
Tachycardia,
Bruit over thyriod gland,
increased cardia output,
Dysrhythmias (A-fib.),
Bounding pulse,
Palpitations,
Nursing Interventions Administer antithyroid medication as ordered. D Monitor and record patient’s vital signs, weight, fluid intake, and urine output Q4hrs. I Evaluate serum electrolyte levels, and check for hyperglycemia and glycosuria.
I Pathophysiology Map *Patient Specific= Blue Text
Full transcript