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C2 - ABSOLUTE MONARCHY
Transcript of C2 - ABSOLUTE MONARCHY
Political belief that one ruler should hold
the power within the boundaries of a country.
To understand the origins of Absolute Monarchy.
To identify the major figures for absolutism in Spain and France
ANSWER: (5 MIN)
1. Why do you think Absolute Rulers controlled social gatherings?
2. Taking into account the causes of absolutism, why do you think absolute rulers exist today?
3. What is the difference between Absolute Monarchy and a Dictatorship?
King with whom Spain reached its height of power but whom also contributed to its weakening and bankruptcy.
Phillip II of Spain
Wealth from Colonies:
339.000 Pounds (160 tons)
The King claimed 1/5 of all treasure for himself
7.3 tons each
Defender of Catholicism: Attacked Ottoman Turks and Protestant England
Golden Age of Art:
Miguel de Cervantes
Weakening of Spain
- Independence from Spain. Became the "United Provinces of the Netherlands" (Republic)
- Religious tolerance
- Economic Growth
- Europe’s bankers
- Largest trading fleet
In pairs, please complete pages 193 to 196 from your workbooks
Louis XIV - The Sun King
Covered symptoms of syphilis and hair loss
Louis XIII ( 1610 - 1643): monarch of the House of Bourbon.
Cardinal Richelieu: —Louis XIII’s minister who ruled France
Increases power of the king by weakening the power of the nobility
History of High Heels: http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-21151350
used for riding horses
High Heels gave men a more virile, masculine, and edgy apperance
"Status can be shown through impracticality"
His Use of Fashion to Control and Express Power
Embroidery and Fabrics made in France: employment of the lower class
Skepticism—the idea that nothing can be known for certain
Descartes uses observation and reason to create new philosophy
LOUIS XIV - LE ROI SOLEIL
(1638 – 1715)
The most powerful ruler in French history
Jean Baptiste Colbert—finance minister—helps economy grow through the theory of
—government agents—to collect taxes
Patronage of the Arts Control over Nobility
Poor harvests Warfare High taxes
Rule makes France a major military and cultural power in Europe / His wars and palace leave France with heavy debts