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C2 - ABSOLUTE MONARCHY

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CSMA SOCIAL STUDIES

on 4 September 2014

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Transcript of C2 - ABSOLUTE MONARCHY

ABSOLUTE MONARCHY
Political belief that one ruler should hold
ALL
the power within the boundaries of a country.
ABSOLUTE MONARCHY
OBJECTIVE:
To understand the origins of Absolute Monarchy.
To identify the major figures for absolutism in Spain and France
Brunei
Oman
Qatar
Swaziland
Saudi Arabia
Vatican City
TODAY
ANSWER: (5 MIN)
1. Why do you think Absolute Rulers controlled social gatherings?

2. Taking into account the causes of absolutism, why do you think absolute rulers exist today?

3. What is the difference between Absolute Monarchy and a Dictatorship?

King with whom Spain reached its height of power but whom also contributed to its weakening and bankruptcy.
Phillip II of Spain
1527-1598
Wealth from Colonies:
Gold:
339.000 Pounds (160 tons)
Silver:
16.000 Tons

The King claimed 1/5 of all treasure for himself

SPAIN
7.3 tons each
Defender of Catholicism: Attacked Ottoman Turks and Protestant England
Golden Age of Art:
El Greco
Diego Velasquez
Miguel de Cervantes
Weakening of Spain
Inflation
+ people
+ demand
+ price
- value
Imports
France
England
Netherlands
Dutch Revolt
- Independence from Spain. Became the "United Provinces of the Netherlands" (Republic)
- Religious tolerance
- Economic Growth
- Europe’s bankers
- Largest trading fleet

`
ACTIVITY
In pairs, please complete pages 193 to 196 from your workbooks
Louis XIV - The Sun King
Powdered
Wigs.
Covered symptoms of syphilis and hair loss

PRECEDED BY:
Louis XIII ( 1610 - 1643): monarch of the House of Bourbon.

Cardinal Richelieu: —Louis XIII’s minister who ruled France
Increases power of the king by weakening the power of the nobility

REFERENCES
History of High Heels: http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-21151350

http://europe1600s.wikispaces.com/Louis+XIV's+Use+of+Fashion+to+Control+and+Express+Power

Videos:
Crash Course:


Persian Shoe,
used for riding horses
High Heels gave men a more virile, masculine, and edgy apperance
"Status can be shown through impracticality"
His Use of Fashion to Control and Express Power
Embroidery and Fabrics made in France: employment of the lower class
SKEPTICISM
Skepticism—the idea that nothing can be known for certain

Descartes uses observation and reason to create new philosophy
FRANCE
FRANCE
LOUIS XIV - LE ROI SOLEIL
(1638 – 1715)
The most powerful ruler in French history

ECONOMIC GROWTH
Jean Baptiste Colbert—finance minister—helps economy grow through the theory of
mercantilism
and self-sufficiency.
Appoints
intendants
—government agents—to collect taxes

VERSAILLES

Patronage of the Arts Control over Nobility

DIFFICULTIES

Poor harvests Warfare High taxes

LEGACY
Rule makes France a major military and cultural power in Europe / His wars and palace leave France with heavy debts
Full transcript