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Treasure Island

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Noah Toppings

on 29 May 2015

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Transcript of Treasure Island

Initial Incident
The initial indecent is the death of Billy Bones. Just before he died, Billy Bones told Jim Hawkins that the remaining crew of the
were after his sea chest. Billy Bones' death prompts Jim Hawkins to inspect Billy's chest which contains the only surviving treasure map. After showing the map to Dr. Livesey and Squire Trelawny, the decision is made to embark on a journey to recover the treasure. The central conflict that takes the majority of the novel to solve is introduced at this point
Rising Action
Upon showing Captain Flint's map to Dr. Livesey and Squire Trelawney, the decision is made to embark on an expedition to recover Captain Flint's treasure. Squire Trelawney procures the vessel and crew for the expedition. Before setting sail, Captain Smollett expresses his dislike of the voyage and disapproval and suspicion of the crew. While in transit, two important events occur. The first mate, who nobody respects, disappears during one night and is not missed. Secondly, Jim Hawkins overhears the plans of Long John Silver to start a mutiny.
In the rising action portion, Jim Hawkins' shore adventure and sea adventure take place. Throughout both his sea adventure and shore adventure, Jim Hawkins is put in some testing situations that mature him as a man and give the faithful seafarers invaluable information about the marooned man and the
. Upon reaching the island, the crew shortly polarizes into two parties; the faithful against the mutineers.
For a brief period (chapters 16-18), Dr. Livesey narrates the novel. Each time the narrator switches it creates some thrilling dramatic irony. While Dr. Livesey narrates, the faithful seafarers abandon ship and set up camp at a stockade built by Captain Flint. Throughout the rising action, the number of mutineers and faithful seafarers dwindles due to many violent confrontations.
Near the end of this portion of the plot, Jim Hawkins falls into the hands of the mutineers and is surprisingly taken care of. After receiving a treasure map from Dr. Livesey, the mutineers proceed to find the buried treasure.
Theme Statement
Lazy and drunken people do not win over upright and faithful people because upright people consider the consequences of their actions.
The climax occurs when the mutineers, at the burial place of the treasure, realize that it is gone and then get assaulted by the faithful seafarers.
Treasure Island
An Analysis of the novel by Robert Louis Stevenson
Plot Overview (Including Ending)
Symbols And Literary Techniques
Captain Flint
The first part of
Treasure Island
takes place in the countryside near Bristol, England. The voyage to and from the island takes place on one or more unidentified oceans, including the Atlantic ocean. The majority of the book takes place on and around Treasure Island.
The novel was published in 1883 but at the beginning the reader learns that it was written down by Jim Hawkins in the 18th century. The specific date of the occurrence of the story is never given. It does however occur after the Battle of Fontenoy which occurred in 1745. The map included also strongly suggests that the story took place after July 20th, 1754 (the date the map was dedicated). So the story could have taken place anywhere between July 20th 1754 and 1800. As to the time of year, the reader learns that Blandly is to sent a consort after the
if she does not return by the end of August. Upon arriving back in Bristol, the reader learns that Mr. Blandly was beginning to think of fitting out her consort. The ocean voyage could have taken anywhere from one to three months each way. The time spent on Treasure Island was probably less than three weeks. One can conclude that the voyage lasted at its longest, from January to August, or at its shortest, from June to August, depending on the location of the island.
The location of the Island is never given. In the illustrators note in a print version of the novel, it is revealed that according to Stevenson, the island most likely lies in the western Pacific Ocean.[1] This is surprising considering that in the novel there is no mention of sailing round the Cape of Good Hope nor Cape Horn. Sailing around either of the capes and sailing in the Southern Ocean would have been very notable. There is also no mention of sailing through the doldrums which would have also been notable. The island is clearly in a tropical climate because the novel mentions extreme heat.
The map found in Billy Bone's chest is included at the beginning of the book, it offers a far better description of the island than words can. See the map below this slide. In his account of the events Jim Hawkins intentionally conceals the exact location of the island due to the fact that there is "Still treasure not yet lifted."
This is the climax because
the fate of the protagonists is known to the reader. The faithful seafarers have the booty and the mutineers no longer pose a major threat to the faithful seafarers. The faithful seafarers after this point have: food, weapons, men, booty, and a way of escape. The conflict that is resolved at this point is the conflict that takes up most all of the book's length.
Man vs. Man
The central conflict is the faithful seafarers struggle to recover the treasure. To do this, the faithful seafarers must obtain not only the treasure but also supremacy over anyone that would try to take the treasure from them (mutineers, Flint's old crew).
The outcome of the central conflict is in favor of the protagonists. The protagonists return to England with their booty.
Captain Flint is the second most revered character in the entire tale next to Long John Silver. As indicated on the treasure map, Flint died in Savannah on July 20th, 1754. The novel gives no indication of which place named Savannah he died at. The members of Flint's crew aboard the
include Long John Silver (cook and quartermaster), Billy Bones (first mate), Ben Gunn, Allardyce, Israel Hands (gunner), Job Anderson, Tom Morgan,Blind Pew, Black Dog, and at least five others but likely many more.
Under the merciless command of Flint, the
must have raided numerous vessels and or settlements in order to acquire such a variety and quantity of currency that ended up being buried on Treasure Island. The
definitely took some heat because Long John Silver lost his leg and Pew lost his sight in a battle on the Walrus.
Before the death of Billy Bones (the initial incident) five main events happen.
Firstly, Billy Bones takes up residence at the Admiral Benbow, run by Jim Hawkins, Hawkins' mother, and owned by Hawkins' terminally ill father.
Secondly, Black Dog, one of Captain Flint's old crew members pays an unexpected visit to Billy Bones. The visit does not last long and ends when Bones chases Black Dog out of the Admiral Benbow in a sword duel.
Thirdly, Billy Bones suffers a stroke which was diagnosed by Dr. Livesey as due to over consumption of rum. Billy Bones is bed ridden for the remainder of his life from here on.
Fourthly, Jim Hawkins' father succumbs to his illness and passes away. A funeral is held for him.
Lastly, Blind Pew, one of Captain Flint's old crew members pays an unexpected visit to Billy Bones and gives him the black spot.

The faithful party is joined by Long John Silver and Jim Hawkins. Together the faithful party proceeds to load the treasure on the
and leave the island. The faithful party decides that they must maroon the three remaining mutineers. With barely enough crew to sail her, the Hispaniola's crew decides to sail for Spanish America to get more sailors. Long John Silver defects with some loot while the Hispaniola is moored. After picking up more sailors, the
makes it back to England. Upon return, the seafarers each get an ample share of the treasure and they use it wisely or foolishly according to their natures.
Good vs. Evil
Analyst's Note
All direct quotation references refer to the version of Treasure Island published by Roberts Brothers and available for free on Google Play. To remove ambiguity, this specific version contains 292 pages.
"the great Cap'n England" (Stevenson, 85)
Edward England -notorious pirate

"'Capt. Kidd's Anchorage" (Stevenson, 100)
William Kidd -famous pirate

"She was at the fishing up of the wrecked plate ships." (Stevenson, 85)
Reference to the 1715 treasure fleet that sank en route to Spain from Havana, Cuba.
Dr. Livesey
Dr. Livesey is one of the few major characters that is mentioned for almost the entire novel. He remains one of the faithful seafarers throughout the entire novel. His wit and skill is quintessential to the outcome of the plot and many sub-plots. Dr. Livesey is a round character as well as a static character. He is complex but he does not change from beginning to end.
The reader is introduced to Dr. Livesey in the opening chapters as he cares for Jim Hawkin's father and Billy Bones. His cunning and cool is demonstrated early on in a lively encounter with Billy Bones. Despite being threatened by an armed Billy Bones, Dr. Livesey diffuses the situation, without flinching, by revealing Billy Bones' folly.
The doctor, as he is often referred to, demonstrates professionalism, wisdom, and upright character throughout the novel. There is however, one exception, when Captain Smollett finds Dr. Livesey not at his post. While on Treasure Island Dr. Livesey is able to use his cunning and medical skills to ensure the success of the faithful seafarers over the mutineers. He looks after the injured and sick in both parties. This demonstrates his professionalism and upright character that ended up helping the faithful seafarers in a huge way. Dr. Livesey is able to put the conflict between the two parties aside and focus on his duties as a medical doctor and focus on the best interests of humanity. Even in wartime doctors and nurses sometimes care for the enemy. This is a great example of his professionalism. By giving the enemy something of value, Dr. Livesey is the only person that is able to dialogue with the mutineers. Through this dialogue Dr. Livesey is able to trick the mutineers into searching for the treasure which brings about the mutineer's downfall. Throughout the novel he is able to stay focused on retrieving the treasure. For these reasons, Dr. Livesey is a supporting character to the protagonist (Jim Hawkins).
Dr. Livesey is a veteran from the battle of Fontenoy in which he got a wound. He has no trouble pulling an oar as well. One can conclude that the doctor is certainly not a frail man. Despite being a medical doctor, he is 'street smart' as well as 'book smart.
While Hawkins is with the mutineers we see another side of the doctor as he visits Hawkins. Dr. Livesey is not nearly as strict as Captain Smollett. Instead, Dr. Livesey acts almost like a father towards Hawkins. Indeed, Dr. Livesey is a round and static character. He is included in the novel to be a foil to, and provide support to, Jim Hawkins.
The time and place are invaluable to the novel as a whole. If this were to take place much earlier in history it would have been to risky to try to recover the treasure due to the available technology. If it were to happen much later in history the advances in naval warfare, guns, propulsion, and communication would have made the story far too improbable and uninteresting. Also if the story were to happen much later, most of the characters in the novel would be in solitary confinement in a maximum security prison due to the advances in public security. If the treasure was not buried on a remote uninhabited island then most of the plot points and sub plots would be way too unbelievable. If those unbelievable plot points were removed, the story would be really uninteresting.
Works Cited
Stevenson, Robert Louis. Treasure Island. N.p.: Roberts Brothers, 1883. Google Play. Google. Web. 17 Mar. 2015. <https://play.google.com/books/reader?printsec=frontcover&output=reader&id=8J8LAAAAYAAJ&pg=GBS.PA184.w.0.1.0>.

[1] Ingpen, Robert. "Illustrator's Note." Preface. Treasure Island. Vancouver, British Columbia: Blue Heron, 2005. N. pag. Print.
(including the development of Jim Hawkins)
Dr. Livesey is a foil to Jim Hawkins. Dr. Livesey is very wise and rational. Hawkins makes many foolish irrational decisions. While at the Admiral Benbow, the reader sees that Dr. Livesey remains calm and defiant in the face of an possible altercation. Hawkins is not able to remain calm in critical situations until later in the novel (such as his encounter with Israel Hands). Dr. Livesey is used to show that Hawkins is not yet a man but is progressing there. At the beginning of the novel Jim Hawkins is naive towards the prospect of recovering buried treasure. At the end of the novel, Jim Hawkins is no longer naive in this way because he has no desire to recover the remaining treasure on the island.
Situational/Dramatic Irony
While on treasure island, Hawkins meets Ben Gunn and learns that he is "rich" (Stevenson, 126). The reader also learns that Ben Gunn has searched for treasure on the island. When the mutineers go searching for the treasure, the audience can guess that the treasure has been lifted previously but they do not know for sure.
Black Dog indicates to the reader that Flint was a very strict captain. It would be an understatement to say that he is ruthless. Flint lead six of his sailors onto Treasure Island to bury his loot. After the sailors buried it, Flint was able to kill all six crew members before returning to his ship. For most of the seafarers including Hawkins, Captain Flint is their very worst nightmare. It is fair to infer that Captain Flint was a very cold-blooded and visceral person as well as being legendary among most seafarers of the day. For these reasons, Captain Flint is a minor character. He is included in the novel because without him there would be no treasure to go searching for.
Captain Flint is a static character. Despite the reader learning more and more about Captain Flint as the novel progresses, the reader has absolutely no reason to believe that he changes. It would be impossible for him to change because he is dead for the entire novel. Captain Flint is a flat character because all the reader knows about him shows that he would be ruthless and strict. If more was given about him as a character than maybe he would be developed as a round character but from what the author gives the reader, the reader has no reason to believe that he is round.
Fifteen men on the dead man’s chest—
Yo-ho-ho, and a bottle of rum!
Drink and the devil had done for the rest—
Yo-ho-ho, and a bottle of rum!
Jolly Roger
This ditty symbolizes piracy and or pirates. This ditty is sung throughout the novel and it is memorized by many. It summarizes piracy by encapsulating and symbolizing four pirate realities from the novel: drunkenness, death, belief in the supernatural, and treasure. In the novel this ditty brings pirates together because they all know it and can all relate to it. The theme statement included previously is based off of many of the ideas present in this ditty.
This theme statement is developed through the text as a whole for many reasons.
The central conflict of the novel is the faithful seafarers struggle to obtain Captain Flint's treasure. In the end, only one of the nineteen mutineers gets a share of the treasure. In contrast most all of the faithful seafarers a fair share of the booty. The odds were clearly stacked against the faithful seafarers. But as the mutineers went along, laziness and drunkenness overtook them and divisions started to arise between themselves. That is what lead to their downfall.
Long John Silver, one of the main characters, changed allegiances twice, but in the end was able to get some of the booty for himself. He was not able to get any treasure while on the side of the mutineers. When he switched back to working for the faithful seafarers however, he was able to get some of the booty.
Earlier in the novel, Billy Bones' reckless drinking ultimately leads him to his death. Despite being sternly warned by Dr. Livesey, Bones does not consider the consequences of his drinking. This leads to his death.
Jim Hawkins, at times, makes some uncalculated decisions. Jim however, never displays laziness or drunkenness. In fact, his uncalculated decisions significantly aid the faithful seafarers (including Jim) in obtaining the treasure.
The Jolly Roger, or skull and cross bones, is a well recognizable symbol for naval piracy. The Jolly Roger is also a symbol for lawlessness. After the faithful seafarers abandon the
the mutineers proudly raise the Jolly Roger as a symbol of their nationalism.
Union Jack
The Union Jack is a well recognizable symbol for Great Britain and in this case, King George. The novel does not say which King George though. This flag represents duty, service, and allegiance to King George. It also represents order and discipline. The Union Jack is flown from the flag pole on the stockade on Treasure Island by the faithful seafarers shortly after the they abandon ship and the Jolly Roger is raised on the
. This is a symbol of the faithful seafarers nationalism.
These motifs are based off of the symbols included later on in this presentation.
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