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Transcript of BOKO HARAM
"We are in an Islamic caliphate. We have nothing to do with Nigeria. We don't believe in this name."
History of the Group
Operations: Where and How?
Group Composition & Leadership
Mostly from northern Nigeria
Kanuri ethnic group
Cell Structure - units of 300-500 fighters
Several sub-groups for members
Total number of fighters between 500-9,0000 members
Ignorance of religious teaching opposed to violence
Unemployment and poverty
High levels of illiteracy
Excessive human rights violation by Nigeria security forces
Widespread government corruption
Thursday, February 19, 2015
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Overview & Introduction
April 2014: BH Attacks School in Chibok
170+ million citizens, composed of 200+ ethnic groups and 500 indigenous languages
Muslim 50% Christian 40%
Africa's largest economy- Oil export
2007: First civilian-to-civilian transfer of power
President: Goodluck Jonathan (2010)
Prior to Election:
Election 2015 and Beyond
Signs of What's to Come
Group resists all forms of Western education
Only 1 example
1,000s out of school
Breaking News: Baga Attack and Nigeria's Election Postponed
Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START) http://www.start.umd.edu/pubs/STARTBackgroundReport_BokoHaramRecentAttacks_May2014_0.pdf
Attacks Sept 2014-Jan 2015
Total Area Controlled: 20,000 sq miles = size of Belgium
Full name means "People Committed to the Propagation of the Prophet's Teachings and Jihad"
Founded in 2002 by Mohammed Yusuf
New leadership launched military operations in 2009 to create Islamic state
Declared Caliphate in 2014
January 2015 - Baga Massacre up to 2,000 dead
Postponed until March 28
Military says it needs 6 weeks to fight off BH and stabilize nation
Attacks continue (2 towns attacked, 37 dead Tuesday 2/17)
Receives funding through: abductions, ransoms, robberies, foreign benefactors, extortion through its network with other terrorist organizations
Al-Muntada Trust Fund
(UK and Saudi Arabia)
AQLIM and Libyan Fighting Group (LIFG)
Exploitation of Hawala (money transfer without movement of money)
Boko Haram's Decentralized Funding Network
Also active in Chad, Niger, and northern
Ties with al-Qa'ida in the Land of Islamic Maghreb (AQLIM) and The Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa (MUJAO)
Terrorist Tactics: Targeted kidnappings of international figures and others, ransoms, robberies, raids, marrying off of women, and attacks on educational institutions
Between 1970-2013, has been responsible for over 80% of all terrorist attacks in Nigeria