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Joseph Sweiss

on 19 February 2015

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Transcript of BOKO HARAM

Based in Northeast Nigeria
"We are in an Islamic caliphate. We have nothing to do with Nigeria. We don't believe in this name."
-Abubakar Shekau

History of the Group
Operations: Where and How?
Group Composition & Leadership

Mostly from northern Nigeria

Kanuri ethnic group

Cell Structure - units of 300-500 fighters

Several sub-groups for members

Total number of fighters between 500-9,0000 members
Maintaining Membership

Ignorance of religious teaching opposed to violence

Unemployment and poverty

High levels of illiteracy

Excessive human rights violation by Nigeria security forces

Widespread government corruption
Thursday, February 19, 2015
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Overview & Introduction
April 2014: BH Attacks School in Chibok
170+ million citizens, composed of 200+ ethnic groups and 500 indigenous languages

Muslim 50% Christian 40%

Africa's largest economy- Oil export

2007: First civilian-to-civilian transfer of power

President: Goodluck Jonathan (2010)

Communal conflicts
and ethnoreligious

Election disputes

Prior to Election:
Election 2015 and Beyond
Signs of What's to Come
Group resists all forms of Western education
Only 1 example
1,000s out of school
Breaking News: Baga Attack and Nigeria's Election Postponed
Works Cited:

USIP: http://www.usip.org/sites/default/files/SR308.pdf
Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START) http://www.start.umd.edu/pubs/STARTBackgroundReport_BokoHaramRecentAttacks_May2014_0.pdf
Attacks Sept 2014-Jan 2015
Total Area Controlled: 20,000 sq miles = size of Belgium
Full name means "People Committed to the Propagation of the Prophet's Teachings and Jihad"
Founded in 2002 by Mohammed Yusuf
Established Mosque
New leadership launched military operations in 2009 to create Islamic state
Declared Caliphate in 2014
January 2015 - Baga Massacre up to 2,000 dead
Postponed until March 28
Military says it needs 6 weeks to fight off BH and stabilize nation
Attacks continue (2 towns attacked, 37 dead Tuesday 2/17)
Receives funding through: abductions, ransoms, robberies, foreign benefactors, extortion through its network with other terrorist organizations

Al-Muntada Trust Fund
(UK and Saudi Arabia)

AQLIM and Libyan Fighting Group (LIFG)

Exploitation of Hawala (money transfer without movement of money)
Boko Haram's Decentralized Funding Network
Also active in Chad, Niger, and northern

Ties with al-Qa'ida in the Land of Islamic Maghreb (AQLIM) and The Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa (MUJAO)

Terrorist Tactics: Targeted kidnappings of international figures and others, ransoms, robberies, raids, marrying off of women, and attacks on educational institutions

Between 1970-2013, has been responsible for over 80% of all terrorist attacks in Nigeria
Muhammadu Buhari
Full transcript