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Europe Physical Geo
Transcript of Europe Physical Geo
Europe and Russia are part of the giant landmass known as Eurasia.
Europe is the worlds second smallest continent.
Russia is the world's largest country
The Ural Mountains mark the dividing line between Europe and Asia.
They also divide Western Russia from Eastern Russia.
European Landforms Pt II
The Alps form a barrier between Central and Southern Europe.
The Pyrenees separate France and Spain.
The Apennines run through Italy.
The Kjolen Mountains lay on the edge of Scandinavia.
Also home to the Balkan, Caucasus and Carpathian Mountains in Southeastern Europe.
The Danube River flows through six countries (more than any other river in the world).
The Rhine river is also one of the most productive industrial and farming areas in the world.
The Volga River is Europe's longest.
Southern Europe has a Mediterranean climate. With long, hot, dry summers and short winters.
Most of Northern Europe has a Marine West Coast climate.
A warm current that flows across the Atlantic from the Gulf of Mexico keeps winters from being too cold.
Cool ocean breezes also keep summers from being too hot and bring year round rain to Europe.
Major Eurasian Landforms
Europe is a giant peninsula attached to Eurasia.
Smaller peninsulas jut out from all sides.
Including the Balkan, the Iberian, Italian and Scandinavian Peninsulas.
Much of Europe lies on the Northern European Plain
One of the largest areas of flat land on Earth. 2,500 miles from East to West.
Eastern Russia = Siberia
Notorious for the length and severity of its winters minimum temperatures of −90 °F have been recorded.
All three types of forests once thrived in Europe, but over time people cleared the forested areas to use the land for farming.
Pockets of deciduous and mixed forests can still be found
Large coniferous forests survived in the Northern parts of the continent.
The coastal parts of Europe bordering the Mediterranean Sea are covered with Chaparral (small trees and bushes) .
Natural Resources: Europe
Arable land is Europe's greatest resource
Timber and Fish resources are also vital to Europe's economic activities.
Small amounts of minerals, natural gas and oil.
Physical Features: Russia
Most of Russia is broad plains
Western Russia is on the European Plain
East of the Ural Mts. lies Siberia
Large area of flat land with many lakes and swamps
The Kamchatka Peninsula is the far eastern part of Russia.
No railroads or connect the peninsula to Siberia
Everything must arrive via plane or boat.
Russia is known for it's long hard winters.
It's Northern border is completely frozen.
The Northern part of Russia has a tundra climate.
Much of Siberia has a subarctic climate.
Western Russia has a Humid-Continental climate much like us.
Southern Russia has a semi-arid climate.
Most of Russia's crops are grown in this area.
In Northern Russia the Tundra is treeless
South of the Tundra lies the Taiga
A large coniferous forest
Further south in turns to mixed forest
In the South of Russia lies grasslands known as the steppe
Natural Resources: Russia
Oil and Natural Gas is drilled for in the North Sea.
Russia's rivers, and forests are vital to their economic activities.
Siberia has mines for gold, copper, lead, and diamonds.
Siberia contains about 1/3rd of the World's coal reserves.