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The Basque Conflict

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Sydney Gragg

on 4 November 2013

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Transcript of The Basque Conflict

The Basque Conflict
History
Spain is one such state confronted with the issue of sub-nationalism. The southern European country is unique, however, in that it is home to not just one, but many nationalist movements on its periphery. The Basques and Catalans, who trace their nationalist histories back centuries, are the two foremost and empowered ethnic groups attempting to wrest power away from the central government in Madrid. While the two share many common traits, they also diverge in certain aspects and platforms of their movements.

Both Basques and Catalans have maintained linguistic, cultural, and economic differences with the rest of Spain. Both enjoyed trappings of autonomy, which exempted them from some taxes and military service requirements over the years. And they have both seen crackdowns by the central government, first by Primo de Rivera in the 1930s and then Francisco Franco, who suppressed the use of regional language or any outward display of sub-nationalism during his nearly forty-year rule.

The modern form of Basque and Catalan nationalism arose roughly at the same time, as nationalism was spreading across nineteenth-century Europe. Rapid industrialization, which resulted in massive social change and urban migration, whereby floods of people left their rural homes for the big city, led to a questioning of one’s identity. Basques and Catalans, like others in Europe, were suffering from this identity crisis, looking for an entrenched uniqueness in the midst of large-scale social change, which they found in romantic nationalism. The Spanish state was in decline at this point, having lost its former empire, which allowed for peripheral nationalism to flourish.

Manifested conflict
Basque nationalists have, by and large, been more separatist and extremist than Catalans. Basque nationalism has wielded a terrorist group, Euskadi Ta Askatasuna, which has been known to utilize violence in a quest for outright secession. Not withstanding violent Catalan group Terra Lliure’s brief campaign that spiked in the 1980s and resulted in one fatality, Catalan nationalism has been largely marked by peaceful calls for greater autonomy.
Form of conflict
Open violence
Effects
ETA which has been known to utilize violence in a quest for outright secession, claiming over eight hundred victims since its inception in 1959.
Acceptable solution
If they all just dropped the subject and went back to hitting piñatas, all of their problems would be solved.This would work because then nobody would fight back or provoke things to happen.
Location
"The Basque Country" they culturally call it,is divided into three political-administrative states: The French State, le Pays Basque,and within the Spanish State, the Basque Autonomous Community and the Autonomous Community of Navarra.

Opinion
We think there is not a right answer for this. There is no reason for there to be a conflict in the first place. But if there was some one who was more right in this conflict it would be the Catalans,because they're way less violent.
Presents on global, regional and local scale.
On a global scale this can be viewed as really stupid fight because nobody cares. On a regional scale this can be viewed as basically high school drama. On a local scale it was viewed as "this is Sparta" or its on like Donkey Kong.
Full transcript