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Transcript of Noun Clause
Types of Noun Clauses
* that-clauses: are made from statements.
a noun clause is a dependent clause that function as a noun. It can be a subject, object, or subject complement,
* wh-question clauses: are made from wh-questions.
wh-word+subj.+v.+complement OR wh-word+v.+complement
* if/whether-clauses: are made from yes/no questions.
*these verbs do not take an indirect object
*these verbs may or may not take an indirect object. However, if an indirect object is used, “to” must precede it
*these verbs must be followed by an indirect object
*these verbs may or may not be followed by an indirect object
agree, answer, assert, conclude, know, notice, realize, state, think
admit, explain, mention, point out, prove, reply
assure, convince, inform, notify, remind, tell
promise, show, teach, warn, write
Eg. we agree that Chinese education system has some drawbacks.
Eg. The professor pointed out that Edison’s invention was very useful nowadays.
The professor pointed out to us that Edison’s invention was very useful nowadays.
Eg. The president assured the parents that their children would be safe.
Eg. He promised that they could see their child immediately after the operation.
He promised them that they could see their child immediately after the operation.
Deletion of “that” in That-clause
Common in conversation and fiction to omit “that” if “that” introduces the object of the verb
*Verb in main clause = “say” or “think”
*That-clause have subject
Eg. Dad said the dog bit her.
He also thought Peter looked fatter.
Eg. I bet I left the maps outside.
I thought the boy was being polite.
*Word order in Wh-word clauses
Wh-word is not a subject
Wh-word is not a subject
Eg. Where is the student dormitory?
—I don’t know where the student dormitory is.
What happened in our campus yesterday evening?
— don’t know what happened in our campus yesterday evening.
Eg. What does she do in her leisure time?
—Could you tell me what she does in her leisure time?
—I wonder what she does in her leisure time.
How old is your kid?
—Could you tell the doctor how old your kid is?
—The police asked how old your kid was.
Eg. Who have finished the assignment?
—Our professor wonders who have finished the assignment.
How many students in your class have passed the final examination?
—Please tell the president how many students in your class have passed the final examination.
*Tense in Wh-word clauses
If the main clause use simple past, the Wh-word clause should use simple past, expect for the wh-word clause is describing a fact.
If the main clause use simple tens, the wh-word clause could not need to change tense.
Eg. Joe didn’t tell me when he would come.
The physics teacher told students what materials are conductor.
*From Yes/No questions
*Statement of uncertainty
Eg. Are the measurements correct?
An engineer determines if the measurements are correct.
An engineer determines whether the measurements are correct.
Eg. I wonder whether the mail has arrived yet.
I can’t remember if I locked the door or not.
Eg. Do you know if the train has come yet?
Can you please tell me whether there’s any space left on the flight?
*Optional: Adding ‘or not’
Whether or not…
Eg. Doctors wonder whether acupuncture is an effective treatment for arthritis or not.
Eg. Doctors wonder whether or not acupuncture is an effective treatment for arthritis.
Eg. Doctors wonder if acupuncture is an effective treatment for arthritis or not.
*Word Order in If/Whether Clauses
the main verb is “ be
Eg. Is acupuncture an effective treatment for arthritis?
—Can you tell me if acupuncture is an effective treatment for arthritis?
—I wonder if acupuncture is an effective treatment for arthritis.
the main verb is not “be”
Eg. Does Dr. Chen practice acupuncture?
—I can’t remember whether Dr. Chen practices acupuncture.
Did they perform in Europe last year?
—Can you tell us if they performed in Europe last year?
Will their next concert be held soon?
—We asked if their next concert will
be held soon.
Tense in If/Whether-clauses
If the if/whether-clause use simple tense, the main clause use simple future.
If the main clause use simple past, the if/whether-clause use past perfect.
Subjunctive Noun Clauses
The verb in a dependent that-clause is in the
after certain introductory clause verbs indicating urgency, advisability, and desirability.
advise demand move recommend ask direct propose suggest command insist urge
Eg. The company president
that the sales department
its sales volume.
that their foreign competitors
pushed out of the domestic market.
that the sales force
increased at this time.
the verb in that noun clause following the verbs
can be used with the modal
Eg. Did the president
that the sales manager
that the sales figure
reduce to reflect merchandise return.
The simple form of the verb is also used in the noun clause after certain adjectives:
advisable necessary important essential urgent vital
It is essential
that this country
more of its products.
It is vital
that our country's imports
Eg. If Euthanasia is legal, it will help me to finally relieve my suffering and pain for my cancer.
Eg. If I had afforded to plastic surgery in Korea, I would have a different life.