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First Aid in Five Minutes
Transcript of First Aid in Five Minutes
by Sarah Legare Peters tailgating an accident First Aid "the intial care given after an accident occurs, before emergency help arrives" Why? Injuries are the number one cause of death for children & adolescents ages 1-21yrs old Everyone in this room has witnessed an accident before, but many of you didn't act because you didn't know what to do First Aid doesn't have to be complicated! Can be common knowledge! First Aid Steps Call Check Care 1. Check Check the victim "Is the scene safe?" "Can I give proper care without moving the victim?" "Are you okay?" "What happened?" "What is your name?" Check for Consciousness If the victim is conscious 1. Introduce yourself 2. Get consent 3. Head-to-toe check If the victim is unconscious 1. Check A.B.C 3. Care for ABC's if necessary Check the scene Continually Check A.B.C Airway Breathing Circulation If at any time, level of consciousness or A.B.C drecreases, call 911 drinking William's Brice Stairs 2. Call Call 911 if the victim's injuries require medical attention Call if the victim's condition worsens Call if there are any changes in level of consciousness or A.B.C Remain with the victim until help arrives Call if you are uncertain how to care for the victim 3. Care first responder's goal: minimize pain or discomfort & to prevent further injury Fall Open Wound Closed Wound Signs: bleeding externally Care: Includes: dislocations, bruises, fractures & sprains Signs: swelling, discoloration, pain, tenderness, deformity, inability to move or use, loss of sensation, feeling or tingling Care: R.I.C.E Procedure Rest: Works Cited Verma, Amit. "Importance of First Aid." Articlesbase (2009): 1. Web. 15 Feb 2011. <http://www.articlesbase.com/medicine-articles/importance-of-first-aid-847814.html>. “Basic First Aid.” BBC:Health. MMXI, Jan 2011. Web. 15 Feb 2011. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/health/treatments/first-aid/index.html>. Lockett, Lucy. “Learning Basic First Aid Could Save a Life”. HealthMad (2006): 1. Web. 15 Feb 2011. <http://ww.healthmad.com/occupational-health-and-safety/learning-basic-first-aid-could-save-a-life>. “The Importance of Learning First Aid.” Scribd. (2010): 1. Web. 15 Feb 2011. <http://scribd.com/doc/31181331/the-importance-of-learning-first-aid.>. 2. Call 911 -check if victim's airway is blocked -check to make sure victim's chest is noticeably rising & falling -check victim's pulse (carotid artery) for 10 seconds 4. Head-to-toe check 4. Keep talking to victim "Can I safely move the victim?" Includes: incision, laceration, punctured wounds & abrasions (scrapes) 1. Look: at size & cleanliness of wound then wash if possible 2. Apply: direct pressure with gauze/cloth until bleeding stops or medical help arrives 3. Elevate: raise above the heart if possible to reduce blood loss Avoid direct contact! Ice: Compress: Elevate: place injured area in the most comfortable position support above & below injured area apply cold compress or ice wrapped in cloth raise injured area above the heart if possible First Responder "first person to arrive at the scene of an accident and is responsible for assessing the situation, giving appropriate care of the injuries found & calling for medical help if necessary" 1 2 3 In conclusion... The effectiveness of the first aid process is determined by the ability of the responder Ability & willingness to act is increased with knowledge of this process The first aid process can be summarized by the three C's: Check-Call-Care An accident is defined as “an unexpected and unfortunate event that occurred in the wake of a series of unforeseen negligence, lack of care and finesse, un-mindfulness details and consequences of actions” (Verma 1). Why not be prepared? lskdfkl