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Exploring the Five Themes of Geography
Transcript of Exploring the Five Themes of Geography
for the answers to two questions:
* Where is it?
* Why is it there? When studying how people interact with their surroundings,
three things should be considered: •How do people ADAPT to their land? (ie. Climate) When looking at PLACE we need to describe what it is like to live there. People can develop strong attachments to a place.
People are drawn to certain places for their PHYSICAL features and HUMAN features. Physical Features: A REGION can be defined as an area that has a set of defined characteristics. They are used to study Geography and explain relationships and connections between areas easily. They can be based on physical features and human features. Physical features include HABITAT regions (ie. Mountains, Plains), FOREST regions, vegetation regions and WILDLIFE REGIONS. MOVEMENT can refer to how things are brought into an area and how they leave an area (ie. People, goods, and ideas). People move in and out of communities from all over the world. They have reason for moving into a specific community. Theme #1
Location Theme #2 Place Theme #3
Regions Theme #4 Movement Theme #5 The Human Environment Interaction The Global Positioning System, or GPS helps to determine precise locations. The device receives a signal from an orbiting satellite and instantly sends back the Latitude (lines running East and West) and the Longitude (lines running North and South), and elevation of the location. This information can be found using an atlas as well. This is called EXACT or absolute location.
Exact locations can also be found using an address. •The exact location of Guelph is: N43° W80° See? • Guelph is located near Cambridge
and Kitchener, Ontario. Another way to look at location is to examine the RELATIVE location. This location depends on its relationship to another location. A third way to look at location is the REASON for its location. The reasons usually relate to the physical characteristics of the land (hills, water, vegetation) and the climate of the land. •Church of Our Lady is located downtown Guelph on the hill
so that it is the focal point of the city. Landscape: high mountains, flat plains,
basin, river valley Habitat: forest, rainforest, desert, wetland, polar Climate: tropical, continental, highland, polar Natural Disasters: drought, hurricane, tornado, earthquake, volcano Human Features: We need to consider what cultural features are typical of a place, such as: religion, type of housing, clothing, traditions, and lifestyles. Geographers invent regions because it is easier to study 7 cultural regions than 10 provinces and 3 territories. It's also easier to study 7 continents than 200 countries!! Human features can be defined as population density, political and RELIGIOUS regions. CONTINENTS also help to divide up the world into regions. Goods are also transported into communities from all over the world. A lot of retail goods are made in other countries and transported around the world. With movement, it is important to examine how and why things are transported where they are. •How do people CHANGE their land? (ie. Forestry, waste management) •How do people DEPEND on their land? (ie. Natural resources) Questions?