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Phychological Disorder Presentation:
Transcript of Phychological Disorder Presentation:
-> Susie is a 20-year-old sophomore at a small Midwestern college.
-> For the past five days she has gone without any sleep whatsoever and she has spent this time in a heightened state of activity which she herself describes as “out of control.”
-> For the most part, her behavior is characterized by strange and grandiose ideas that often take on a mystical or sexual tone.
-> For example, she recently proclaimed to a group of friends that she did not menstruate because she was a “of a third sex, a gender above the human sexes.”
-> When her friends questioned her on this, she explained that she is a “superwoman” who can avoid human sexuality and still give birth. That is, she is a woman who does not require sex to fulfill her place on earth.
People with a blood relative have a higher chance of getting it.
Physical change in brain
Neurotransmitter imbalances(Serotonin, Norepinephrine, Dopamine)
In extreme cases patients are hospitalized. This is usually due to suicidal thoughts or actions.
One on one therapy where the client is helped to understand how their thoughts effect their emotions.
When a patient doesn't respond to most medication ECT is used. This therapy involves sending electrical currents through the brain to reduce symptoms of the disorder.
helps to treat bipolar disorders that are similar to mixed episodes
might trigger manic episodes but stabilize depression
for people who don’t gain benefits from anticonvulsants
anti-anxiety and improves sleep
stabilizes mood for extreme highs and lows for bipolar disorder (77% effective)
antidepressant plus antipsychotic for depression treatment and mood stabilizers
-Number of Adults: 5.7 million
-Percent of people that suffer: 5%
-Average Age of Onset: 25 years old
-Percent child will get it when 1 parent has it: 23%
-Percent child will get it when both parents are diagnosed: 66%
-Percent of diagnosed who commit suicide: 20%
Popular/Famous People with Bipolar 1 Disorder
Demi Lovato (not in video)
-A mental illness, also known as Manic-Depressive disorder, where the affected person experiences one or more manic episodes*
*Manic Episode: a period of time where a person has an abnormally elevated mood.
Genetic factors are thought to be a main biological cause of bipolar disorder.
If someone in the family has bipolar disorder, it is more likely for the parents siblings or children to also have the disorder more than any other type of relative. In the case of twins, if one twin has a mood disorder than an identical twin is 3 times more likely to also have a mood disorder, than a faternal twin.
The disorder can lie dormant in the brain but can be spontaneously triggered by stressors in life.
Dramatic life experiences such as a negative childhood including abuse has been said to be a factor of developing the disorder.
During a Manic Episode:
-Needing less sleep
-Agitated mood for at least a week
-Overblown ego (feeling of great self-importance)
During a Depressed Episode:
-Depressed for a minimum of 2 weeks
-Loss of interest in previously enjoyed activities
-Gaining or loosing weight (when not dieting)
-Slowed body movement (noticeable by others)
-Tired all the time
-Having less energy
-Feeling excessively guilty or worthless
-Less focused and able to concentrate
-Dwelling on suicide or death more than usual
In Bipolar 1, if you have a First-Degree relative with Bipolar 1, then you are seven times more likely to get the disorder. This chance is doubled if both parents have it.
-Accomplish more work than before
-Pursue activities that are likely to have consequences: shopping sprees, dangerous activities, foolish decisions, impulsive sex
Case Study of Susie: During a Manic Episode
-Susie is a 20-year-old sophomore at a small Midwestern college.
-For the past five days she has gone without any sleep whatsoever and has spent this time in a heightened state of activity, which she herself describes as “out of control.”
-For the most part, her behavior is characterized by strange and grandiose ideas that often take on a mystical or sexual tone.
-For example, she recently proclaimed to a group of friends that she did not menstruate because she was a “of a third sex, a gender above the human sexes.”
-When her friends questioned her on this, she explained that she is a “superwoman” who can avoid human sexuality and still give birth. Meaning, she is a woman who does not require sex to fulfill her place on earth.
- She believed that she had somehow switched souls with the senior senator from her state.
-From what she believed were his thoughts and memories, she developed six theories of government that would allow her to single-handedly save the world from nuclear destruction.
-She went around campus, explaining these theories to friends and even to her professors and began to campaign for an elected position in the U.S. government (even though no elections were scheduled at the time).
-She feels that her recent experiences with switching souls with the senator would make her particularly well suited for a high position in government; perhaps even the presidency.
Case Study of Susie: Affects of Bipolar 1
-Susie often worries that she will forget some of her thoughts and has begun writing notes to herself everywhere; in her notebooks, on her computer, even on the walls of her dormitory.
-Susie’s family and friends, who have always known her to be extremely tidy and organized, have been shocked to find her room in total disarray with frantic and incoherent messages written all over the walls and furniture.
-These messages reflect her disorganized, grandiose thinking about spiritual and sexual themes.
Course of Bipolar 1
-Onset age happens normally around 20 years of age.
-Can happen early, but is extremely uncommon.
-It's a recurrent disorder that has at least 4 episodes every ten years.
Case Study of Susie: During a Depressed Episode
-Susie has experienced two previous episodes of wild and bizarre behavior similar to what she is experiencing now; both alternated with periods of intense depression.
-When she was in the depressed state, she could not bring herself to attend classes or any campus activities; she suffered from insomnia, poor appetite, and difficulty concentrating.
-At the lowest times during her depressed state, she contemplated suicide.
"Psychotic symptoms may develop after days or weeks in what was previously a non psychotic Manic or Mixed episode."
Case Study of Susie: Background
Manic episodes usually happen before or after major Depressive Episodes.
4 Types of Episodes
Manic, Mixed, Hypomanic, and Depressive
-Susie grew up on what she terms a “traditional Irish home” with overprotective and demanding parents.
-Of the five children in her family, she was the one who always obeyed her parents and played the role of the good girl of the family, a role she describes as being “Little Miss Perfect.”
-She is quite dependent on her parents, who treat her as if she were much younger than she actually was.
-She describes her siblings as rebellious and describes her parents as exceptionally strict.
-Throughout high school, Susie’s mother forbade her to wear makeup.
-She remembers being shocked and frightened when she began menstruating; she was very distressed at the loss of control that this caused.
-Susie never dated in high school and has never had a steady boyfriend.