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Syntax Project

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by

Tristen Even

on 18 October 2013

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Transcript of Syntax Project

My definition- Saying two totally different things about someone or something.
Juxtaposition
Real definition- The fact of two things being seen or close together with contrasting effect.
using elements in sentences that are grammatically similar or identical in structure, sound, meaning, or meter.
def: Using similar meanings or sounds in a sentence.
Ex. Like father, like son.
-Parallelism is being used in this example by showing similar sounds and structure.

Syntax Project
Ellipses
the act of leaving out one or more words that are not necessary for a phrase to be understood.
Def: three dots with spaces in between that indicate the act of cutting out words not needed specifically.
Ex. Juan thought and thought … and then thought
some more.
Note: Often times in literature, an ellipses will be used to skip an entire scene or time period, rather than just a set of words.
-in this example an ellipses is being used to cut out one or more words that are unnecessary in order to understand the meaning.
Parallelism
Syntax
-The arrangement of words and phrases to create well-formed sentences in a language.
is the repetition of the same words at the end of successive phrases, clauses, or sentences.
Antithesis
Real definition- Is a person or thing that is the direct opposite of someone or something else.
Caleb Darnell, Tristen Even, Joey Canter, Hannah Neeeeely, Vy Nguyen, Jehoiada Mebratu
Period 6
Ms.Langston
Anaphora
A type of expression whose reference depends upon another referential element.
Note: Anaphora refers to repetition of a phrase at the beginning of the clause(s).

Epistrophe
polysyndeton

Polysyndeton- Polysyndeton is the use of several conjunctions in close succession,
especially where some may be omitted.

Our Definition-Polysyndeton is where there are multiple conjoining words closely
together in one sentence

example: "He ran and jumped and laughed for joy."

Reason- The above sentence is a Polysyndeton sentence
because there are three conjunctions in
this one sentence compacted closely together,
the two “and’s” and the “for” are all conjunctions
separated by one word in between.


Asyndeton
- a repeating phrase, clause, or sentence in the sentence/paragraph
Balanced Sentence
Antithetical Sentence
Epanalepsis
Ex. Your hard topaz eyes shimmer liquidly: evaporating my heart with their numbing heat.
“I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a state sweltering with the heat of injustice, sweltering with the heat of oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice.
I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.
I have a dream today.”- Martin Luther King
The omission or absence of a conjunction between parts of a sentence.
Def: excluding parts of a sentence to speed up the rhythm of the passage to make it more memorable, Or to add emphasis.
Ex: "I came, I saw, I conquered"
-this is being used in this example by excluding the conjunction to set the mood for the sentence.
Ex: “
It rained
on his lousy tombstone, and
it rained
on the grass on his stomach.
It rained
all over the place.” (Holden Caulfield in J.D. Salinger’s The Catcher in the Rye, 1951)
- expressions using other element that are nearly the same to help for reference
A figure of speech defined by the repetition of the initial word (or words) of a clause or sentence at the end of that same clause or sentence.
-same word is repeated to define a figure of speech

Definition - An antithetical sentence is a sentence that expresses two ideas that are opposed on the surface, but that can actually express another idea in it's apparent contradiction.

My Definition - A sentence including two ideas that seem opposite, but that actually gives some sort of insight/imagery to further the reader’s understanding.

Ex: "He was the rudest man I had ever laid eyes on; it was love at first sight."

Reasoning: He was rude, but she loved him. contrasting statements, insight to the story.

Definition - A sentence made up of two parts that are roughly equal in length, importance, and grammatical structure.

My Definition - a two part sentence similar in structure, sound, and feel.

Ex: "Life is a comedy to those who think, a tragedy to those who feel.”

Reasoning: Two part sentence, similar word choice, structure, and feel.

- Martin Luther King’s “I had a Dream” speech, MLK repeated the phrase I had a Dream several times in his speech to emphasize what hopes he has for the country, for the segregation to end. It is his dream for the unfairness to end and he wants others to now and hear his message.

a figure of speech in which a thing is called not by its own name but by the name of something associated with that thing.
My definition- Two completely different words put together in one sentence.
Metonymy
Ex: Beloved is she; she is Beloved.
-When something is called by another name but the name is related with that thing
Ex."In a corner, a cluster of lab coats made lunch plans." (Karen Green, Bough Down. Siglio, 2013)

This example is showing the contrast between the colder "liquid" of the eyes, to the heat of the heart.
-Instead of using "a group of scientists", it was replaced with "a cluster of lab coats." The unofficial name still relates to a group of scientist.
Anadiplosis
Syntax Joke

Anadiplosis- repetition of the final
words of a sentence or line at the
beginning.

Our definition- Anadiplosis is the repition of
word at the end of one senteceand the beginning of the next

Example: "The land of my fathers. My fathers can have it”

Reason- The above example is appropriate
because "My Fathers" is repeated at
the end of the first and the
beginning of the next


Disclaimer: It was not Tristen's idea to use this picture, therefore he can not be held accountable.
(It was Hannah's.)

Note: If the NSA is viewing this presentation, we are not affiliated with any anti-government organization. GO AMERICA.
Ex. The desert's dunes flowed like the calm waves of the sea.
This example is saying how the sea is much different from the desert because the sea is full of water while the desert has barely no water at all.

Word choice can be important in more areas than just English.
IMPORTANCE: It's significant because it shows that the author is trying to emphasize a certain point. He or she is trying to bring whatever they're repeating into the reader's attention.
IMPORTANCE: The beginning and the end are the two positions of stronger emphasis in a sentence; so, by having the same phrase in both places, the speaker calls special attention to it.
The end:)
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