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Causes and Effects of European Exploration in America
Transcript of Causes and Effects of European Exploration in America
Nick Pellicano, Abigail Duclos, Isabelle Martin, Blake Martin
Some basic effects of Europeans coming to North America are that the Native Americans caught new diseases which included smallpox, influenza, measles, and chicken pox.
Explorers used superior fire power, like single shot muskets, to conquer natives.
The Native Americans land was stolen from them and slaves were taken back to Europe.
The explorers gave North America multiple languages such as Spanish, French, and English.
The Englishmen gave New England the language of English; Spaniards gave New Mexico, and Central America the language of Spanish; and the Frenchmen gave France and other European countries the language of French.
Different explorers had different reasons for exploring new lands. Some went for wealth, glory, and gold, while others traveled out of their own personal interest
He was born Christoforo Columbo in Genoa, Italy in October of 1451.
Christopher was a Spanish explorer who traveled across America from 1502-1504.
He was attempting to find a new western route to the East Indies, along with establishing outposts, spreading religion, and seeking treasure.
Christopher actually found the continent of North America, which, though he was not the first person to reach it, was reasonably not well-known among Europeans.
He was a Spanish explorer, born in 1496, who traveled through Florida, North and South Carolina, and Mississippi from 1539-1543.
He explored America for many reasons, including gold, a suitable site for a colony, and an overland route from Mexico to the Atlantic Ocean.
He found none of those things, became angry, and burned villages and attacked natives.
With a fever, he died in 1542.
Jacques explored the Northeast of North America.
When he fist sailed to the America he "discovered" the St Lawrence River in 1535.
The cause of his exploration was to find a trade route to china through the Atlantic Ocean.
Obviously he didn't find a trade route to the east due to the land masses of the Americas.
Samuel De Champlain
Hernando de Soto
Samuel De Champlain was sent to the Americas to establish colonies.
Franciso Vázquez de Coronado y Luján
Coronado was a Spanish explorer who traveled through Arizona and New Mexico.
He did so for "Glory, God, and Gold." Eventually, he did convert some people to Christianity, but he did not find glory or gold.
He first discovered the Grand Canyon, but did not realize that this was an amazing discovery and returned to Spain as a failure.
He was declared founder of Quebec in 1608.
Gaspar Pérez de Villagrá
He traded furs with the Native Americans around Quebec.
He was also a Spanish explorer, born in 1555, who traveled to America for gold, silver, and a "western sea".
He was the captain of an expedition, called Juan de Oñate, which, in 1598, first colonized Santa Fe de Nuevo México.
He also discovered and named Lake Champlain
Juan Ponce de León
He was the first known European explorer to visit Florida.
And named Florida, originally, Pascua Florida which translates as Eastern Florida because he found it in Eastern time.
He explored in 1493, while looking, and never finding, the Fountain of Youth.
John Cabot, originally named Giovanni Caboto, was an Italian explorer who discovered part of North America in 1497.
He was employed and commissioned to make an English presence in North America by Henry VII of England.
Sir Francis Drake
He, born in Devon, England, traveled across North America from 1577-1580, and he completed what is considered the world's second circumnavigation.
He traveled to establish an English presence in North America, eventually claiming California for England.
This lead to increased tensions between England and Spain.
The Spanish tried to convert the Indians into Christianity.
The Spanish, British, and the French allowed Christianity in many places.
The explorers spread their religion to all of the places they explored.
Europeans gained new materials like gold, silver, and jewels.
The Europeans enslaved the Native Americans and took most of them back to Europe.
The explorers also gained new foods like corn and pineapple.
Columbus also discovered tobacco seeds and brought the seeds back to Europe.
What are three reasons that the well-known and hated Hernando de Soto traveled to North America?
Hint: They all begin with the letter "G."
Samuel de Champlain what founder of which Canadian province?
Name three basic effects on the Europeans. Then name two out of the four diseases the Europeans gave the Native Americans.
What was the most
common religion in North America and in Europe?
Jacques Marquette and Louis Joliet
They where sent by France to explore the Mississippi river in 1673.
The Mississippi river was the long sought water passage to Asia, or so they thought.
They eventually explored Michigan after realizing it was not the path to Asia.