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Sexually Transmitted Infections

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Kelly Nguyen

on 25 May 2014

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Transcript of Sexually Transmitted Infections

Sexually Transmitted Infections
Most Common and Well Known STIs
Prevention Methods and Risk Reduction
There are many ways to prevent getting an STI, such as:
Staying with one uninfected partner.
Getting vaccinated.
Getting tested for an STI before having sexual intercourse.
Using a condom.
What are STIs?
STIs are sexually transmitted infections are infections passed on from person to person through sexual intercourse.

STIs were previously known as STDs.
Causes of STIs
Chlamydia is the most common STI that can infect both men and women, especially teens and young adults.
Symptoms of chlamydia may include a burning sensation, bleeding, and pain and swelling.
HIV is a virus that slowly attacks your immune system, leaving you vulnerable to diseases and infections.
When the body can no longer fight the infection, the disease is later known as AIDS.
Symptoms include diarrhea, fatigue, fever, rash, major weight loss, and more.
Ajay Bath, Renu Ghadu, Parveen Johal, Kelly Nguyen, Reya Rana
Diseases vs Infection
Disease: a harming of health or a condition of abnormal functioning.

Infection: the invasion of bodily tissues by disease causing organisms, their multiplication, and the reaction of tissues to these organisms and their toxins.

Therefore, all infections may lead to diseases, however, all diseases are not infections.
Chlamydia can be cured with the right treatment. When taken properly, it will stop the infection and could also decrease your chances of having complications later on.

Though chlamydia is not a life threatening disease, it can actually lead to serious health problems, such as pelvic pain and damage to the reproductive system that might lead to the inability to reproduce or complications on the way.
What to Do?
Common Myths
There are many myths when it comes to STIs, we're here to give you the facts!
The Three Types of STIs
STIs are categorized into three different types:
Bacterial Infections
(chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis.)
Virus Infections
(herpes, hepatitis B, HIV.)
Parasitic Infections
(crabs, trichomoniasis.)

Bacterial and parasitic infections can be cured while viral infections
can only be treated
American Sexual Health Association:
Health Canada:
BC Centre for Disease Control:
Planned Parenthood:

Sex, Sex, and More Sex

by Sue Johanson
Everything You Need to Know About STDs

by Samuel G. Woods

Fraser Health (North Delta Public Health Unit)
11245 84 Avenue
Delta, B.C. V4C 2L9
Phone: 604.507.5400

"Each year, one in four teens contracts an STD/STI."
-American Sexual Health Association
"Young people (age 15-24) have five times the reported rate of chlamydia of the total population, four times the rate of gonorrhea and three times the rate of syphilis."
-American Sexual Health Association
"An estimated 34.0 million people were living with HIV as of 2011; 3.3 million of them were children under 15 years, and about 16.7 million were women."
STIs are acquired through sexual contact.

Though you do not need to sexual intercourse to get an STI, it is
the most common way
for it to be spread.

STIs are caused by bacteria and viruses, the chance of getting an STI is likely if:
You have unprotected sex.
A condom tears during sex.
Your sexual partner has an STI.
You partner is engaging in sex with other people.

Myth: STIs can be prevented by having oral or anal sex.

Fact: any type of sexual contact can lead to STIs.

STIs are caused by viruses or bacteria which can also enter the body through
miniscule cuts in the mouth and anus.

Some STIs, such as herpes and genital warts, can be spread just by skin-to-skin contact with an infected area.
Myth: Once you've had an STI, there's no chance of getting infected by it again.
Fact: You can get some STIs more than once. After being treated for the STI, it can come back.

Some STIs like herpes and HIV will be with you for life. Others, such as chlamydia and gonorrhea, can be cured, but it is possible to get infected again if you have sexual contact with someone who is infected by it.
Myth: If you get tested and you're STI free, it means your partner doesn’t need to also be tested.
Fact: Just because you don’t have an STI doesn’t mean your partner doesn’t either.

STIs are a serious health problem. You don’t want to take a risk with your life, its better to be sure that you both are safe.
HIV/AIDS can also be transferred by sharing needles or from a mother to her child.

AIDS is fatal if left untreated and currently has no cure.

HIV is able to remain undetected in your body for many years without being noticed or having any effect of the victim.
Herpes is an STI that affects one's skin and nervous system.
The most common form of herpes is oral herpes, such as cold sores. The second most common form is herpes is genital herpes.
Symptoms of herpes include headaches, backaches, and flu-like symptoms.
Oral herpes are not as fatal and damaging to your body as genital herpes.

Although there is no cure, the steps to take if you have herpes starts with getting a doctor to diagnose you with herpes to be sure that it is not actually something else.

Prescribed medicine can be used to prevent or shorten the outbreaks of herpes. It also lessens the likelihood of passing the infection to your partner.

And remember...
It is important to know what to do when you have an STI.
Get tested.
Visit your family doctor.
Notify your current partner (as well as previous partner(s)).
There are also million of myths out there about STIs. It is best to get help from the safe and accurate source. If you have an STI, have symptoms of an STI, or want to get tested, there are many places you can go for help.

Call the Kids Help Phone:
1 800 668 6868

Visit or call the North Delta Options for Sexual Health Clinic:
604 731 4252
Free and confidential.
Get tested.
Information available on birth control and free condoms.
They can answer all your questions with useful, accurate information.
Full transcript